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Guatemala

Spanish II Period 7
by

Skylar Amaya

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Guatemala

Guatemala Fashion Guatemalan fashion is known for their bright colors and prominent patterns. The idea for this style came from their Mayan ancestors who were known for using lustrous colors in battle and in everyday life. Today, Guatemalans use the colors and patterns to signify different villages. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=guatemalan+fashion&start=114&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1272&bih=822&tbm=isch&tbnid=A6IAOuM5N2fWxM:&imgrefurl=http://www.edgymix.com/2012/06/393/guatemala-style-local-chi-chi-style/&docid=2E8HLQVWiVVSYM&imgurl=http://www.edgymix.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Guatemala-style-local-Chi-Chi-style-493x250.png&w=493&h=250&ei=mq71UMzjFKXl2AXN6IGYAg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=395&vpy=559&dur=891&hovh=160&hovw=315&tx=186&ty=102&sig=109971564886665842266&page=4&tbnh=136&tbnw=254&ndsp=42&ved=1t:429,r:38,s:100,i:118&surl=1 Guatemala Kite Festival On November first in Guatemala, it’s Day of the Dead. In most cultures, loved ones would grieve for the departed. However in Guatemala, it’s a celebration. People from all over the country gather in cemeteries with family, food, and most importantly, huge kites. For almost three thousand years, breath-taking kites have soared through the sky on the Day of the Dead. They represent messages to loved ones from the living. This party is called the “Giant Kite Festival”. Traditional Clothing Huipil- Woman's blouse

Corte- Mayan Women's shirt

Cintas & Fajas- Sashes

Perraje/Rebozo- Mayan Woman's shawl

Tzute- Multi purpose cloth http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=605&tbm=isch&tbnid=riOUpXq01j6XDM:&imgrefurl=http://guatemaya1.wordpress.com/2008/01/26/hello-world/&docid=MNlMGMXfwLp4pM&imgurl=http://guatemaya1.files.wordpress.com/2008/01/dscn4353.jpg&w=740&h=555&ei=A-v1ULzAH4-c8QSl_oGQAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=866&vpy=161&dur=1915&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=125&ty=143&sig=113485793478723483212&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=175&start=0&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:113 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=562&tbm=isch&tbnid=cVZUsUs64puNRM:&imgrefurl=http://www.connectingcultures.us/art_item.php%3Faccno1%3DCOST%26accno2%3DGTM%26accno3%3D510&docid=o1K4iUT9PhpgPM&imgurl=http://www.connectingcultures.us/images/full/COSTGTM510.jpg&w=550&h=630&ei=9ev1UNrJForS9ASmxYGgBw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=617&vpy=169&dur=426&hovh=229&hovw=200&tx=115&ty=128&sig=113485793478723483212&page=4&tbnh=136&tbnw=119&start=84&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429,r:95,s:0,i:385 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=562&tbm=isch&tbnid=tZZ1tjBtUzCifM:&imgrefurl=http://guatemaya1.wordpress.com/category/fajas/&docid=1cJrkZkvmou89M&imgurl=http://guatemaya1.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/dscn4642.jpg&w=540&h=467&ei=fO31UPmsGYKo8QS4uYHwDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=300&vpy=167&dur=806&hovh=209&hovw=241&tx=159&ty=122&sig=113485793478723483212&page=1&tbnh=147&tbnw=158&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0,i:108 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=562&tbm=isch&tbnid=fnyj1yUncZeIGM:&imgrefurl=http://acelebrationofwomen.org/2011/10/revolution-day-guatemala-october-20-2010/&docid=v5s0w9iJyZObQM&imgurl=http://acelebrationofwomen.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Guatemala_Friends.jpg&w=250&h=367&ei=Pu71UJ_LM4Wm9gTk64HoDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=267&sig=113485793478723483212&page=1&tbnh=145&tbnw=99&start=0&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429,r:17,s:0,i:132&tx=70&ty=94 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&tbo=d&biw=1280&bih=562&tbm=isch&tbnid=hpitE4GbZtXNxM:&imgrefurl=http://www.itscactus.com/products/Solola_Tzute-893-66.html&docid=JO06qWvep0TT3M&itg=1&imgurl=http://www.itscactus.com/images/products/guat8693.jpg&w=800&h=527&ei=c-_1UP3RF4mc8QSMsoCgCw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=852&vpy=130&dur=5999&hovh=182&hovw=277&tx=64&ty=122&sig=113485793478723483212&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=204&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0,i:96 The biggest festivals are held in Santiago, Sacatepequez and Sumpango, Guatemala. The kites range from under a foot long to over six meters in length and width. They are made of tissue paper and supported by bamboo stalks. Their bright colors and pictures depict traditional Mayan life. On the Day of the Dead, it is said that the deceased are free to roam in the human world, and the kites are said to ward off the spirits. Not only do these kites symbolize bringing the past to the present, they also represent many cultures coming together for something they all believe in. Materials The only man made material used in
the clothing is acrylic, because it is cheap.
The other materials consist of cotton, wool, silk, and maguey (Maguey is a plant extract used to make ropes). Originally, molluscs, beetles, and other natural resources were used to create the colors in the patterns. Today, however; chemical dyes are used to create the colors. La Vida Contemporanea:
Contemporary Life Las Familias y las comunidades:
Families & Communities Social media just picked up in Guatemala 4 years ago. Facebook is the biggest for of social networking. Only about 2.5 million have access to the internet. And of those, 1.6 million have a Facebook. Because of the growth of social media, cell phones are becoming more popular and also more accessible. As of now, there are close to 7 million cellular lines in Guatemala.
Some citizens have internet access but many don't. For those who don't, there are restaurants with free Wi-Fi which are called "Internet Cafe's".
Now that social networking is at the fingertips of everyone, it is one way to keep everyone safe. Social networking is constantly updated and can keep people out of dangerous situations such as hurricanes or tsunamis. Symbols and Patterns Within the clothing are symbols and patterns
that have a deeper meaning than simply representing a village. For example, a zig-zag pattern may represent a rugged mountain train, a trek taken by ancient priests up the steps of a temple, or a lightning bolt from Chac, the god of rain. The clothing can tell stories about the villages' progenitor. Today Today, these patterns are mimicked
into modern day fashion and can be seen
in many different locations other than Guatemala. http://www.bloomin-rose.net/2011/07/guatemalan-fashion/ http://www.bloomin-rose.net/2011/07/guatemalan-fashion/ Las Identidades personales y publicas There are many famous people that were born in Guatemala. Allan Auala was a track athlete who was a national record holder in the 400 meter run, 400 meter hurdles and the 1600 meter relay. Manny Marroquin was a 3 time Grammy Award winner and an engineer. Carlos Pena was the winner of the second Latin American Idol. Oscar Issac is an actor who has starred in many movies. All of these people were born and raised in Guatemala and they have had all of their success while still living there. La Ciencia y La Tecnologia Natural Disasters The Motagua Fault is where the highlands of Guatemala lie.THe Carribean and North American Plates are the 2 tectonic plates that create the fault. There have been several earthquakes that this fault is responsible for. One of which being a 7.5 magnitude tremor on February 4, 1976 which killed over 25,000 people. Guatemala contains 37 volcanos out of those 37 only 4 of them are still active. The 4 active volcanos are called Pacays, Santiaguito, Fuego, and Tacana. The most recent to erupt were Fuego and Pacaya which erupted in 2010. Guatemala is also a very big target for hurricanes. Hurricane Stan occured on October 1, 2005and killed over 1628 people. Most of the occured by mudslides and floods. Their most recent storm, Tropical Storm Agatha hit on May 29,2010 killing over 250 people. Global Challenges: Enviromental Issues
Water Sources- 1/4 of Guatemalans do not have access to safe drinking water which leads to many illnesses and in rural areas, 1/2 of the Guatemalans don't have access. Waste water often flows through rivers, lakes, and oceans, and pollution from petroleum-based fertilizers is also a problem.
Air Quality- Black clouds of diesel fumes are caused by old, recycled United States school buses. Another default would be dry-season agricultural burning and forest fires.
Soil Erosion- Deforestation and erosion work together and are the cause of a lot of the major mudslides that follow tropical storms like Hurricanes Mitch and Stan.
http://www.moon.com/destinations/guatemala/background/the-land Deforestation- In 2001 Guatemala was 40% forest but had dropped down to only 37% by 2005. Most of the loss in the past 40 years have been because of government incentives meant for colonizing the northern department of Peten to make more space for a constantly increasing population. For more information about the Guatemalan Kite Fesitvals visit: http://www.festivalsumpango.com/eng/index.html

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