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religion and philosophies
Transcript of religion and philosophies
Japanese belief system and institutionalized worship practices
It is believed to be the original religion of Japan
the beliefs have a complex meaning
The kami were the primary objects of the worship. (The Kami were Shinto Deities) This includes a wide variety of beings and forces.
Some Kami's are imported from Buddhism and others are mountain spirits.
Governments have tried to develop a Shinto institution or symbol for there own purposes.
The entry to a Shinto Shrine is marked by a gateway called torii Confucianism Islam Translates to "submission" in Arabic, referring to submission to God's will.
Began when Muhammad and followers traveled to Medina from Mecca for the hijra
People who practice Islam are Muslims
The creator of Islam is the prophet Muhammad, who was a human used as God's messenger
The Qur'an contains all of Muhammad's revelations
Divided into the majority group, the Sunnis, and minority group, the Shi'ites
Muslims believe "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his Messenger"
Muslims practice the Five Pillars which are:
profession of the faith
fasting during the month of Ramadan
pilgrimage to Mecca-the hajj
Religion intervened into all aspects of life, it isn't kept separate
All Muslims should do the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his/her lifetime Daoism Animism Creator: Siddhartha Gautama
One of the main religions of China
Influenced Confucianism and Taoism
Began in China when the Han Dynasty was falling apart
Made its way to China through the Silk Roads
Place of worship: Temple (Majority built near rivers, lakes, or mountains)
Follow the Eightfold Path in hope to reach Nirvana, a release from suffering
Has the Four Noble Truths that state:
"1. That life entails suffering.
2. That suffering is due to attachment.
3. That it can be stopped if attachment is stopped.
4. That this can be done by leading a disciplined and moral life and engaging in meditation"
Believe in rebirth through a karma cycle
Buddhism reunited North and
South China, being the one thing
they had in common.
The arts became very popular
due to Buddhism Confucius is the person that started it all.
It originated at the end of 6th century B.C.E.
He has a school of thought that studied his ideas. (many people followed this even after he died)
In his last years of his life he wrote a book called the book of songs which is the 5 steps of Confucianism.
Confucianism was greatly excepted in the Han Dynasty.
To become official in the government people has to take examines on Confucianism.
The teachings of Confucianism was to identify the ideal way to live.
The ideal person is noble. The theory of the nature of life.
Edward Burnett Tylor wrote a book that was called Primitive Cultures.
In the book, it said animism was the origin of religion
This theory maintained a strict distinction of mind and matter.
The things that animists do is determine what they do on a case to case basis
Animism was mostly found in agricultural rice growing communities in South east Asia.
Founded by Laozi
Composed the Tao Te Ching, the book of Daoism
Teaches to live in harmony with nature in attempt to live longer or become immortal
Tao creates all things, including humans and is indescribable
It is best for people not to be forceful
There are immortals connected to the body and world
External and internal elixirs such as metal drinking and eating or meditating and breathing preformed to restore energy Also referred to as Taoism Painting of Laozi Buddhist Temple Mecca