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Barb Furan

on 26 January 2015

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Transcript of Censorship

Andrew Hamilton, Michael Landerson, John Peter Zenger, Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy,U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Brandeis, Joan Bertin, Andy DiBella, Svetlana Mintcheva, Dara Plath, Barbara Pyles, Mary Reinke, Mayukh Sen
...truth cannot be libel...
Censorship Arguments
Censorship of Books
Violence, sex, and vulgarity has a negative effect on children
Censorship removes morally unacceptable things from the media and public
Religious conflicts are avoided with censorship's usage
Censorship prevents the spread of racism and hateful expressions, while promoting political correctness
Censorship prevents the spread of false advertising
False rumors cause widespread panic, by not reporting violence, censorship stops the triggering of further violence
Censorship is needed to protect the secrets of the nation
Censorship prevents plagiarism
Children shouldn't be shielded from the world, they should be prepared for what the world is really like
Censorship compromises freedom of speech
There are different standards of morals among diverse societies, which are different from the ones appointed by censorship
Withholding information leads to ignorance in society
People are protected from false advertising under Consumer Protection laws and also under The New York State Business Law in New York State
Censorship is used to control people
The media often has to recant what they say in certain situations because of how recent an issue is
People have a right to know
You can't plagiarize something if you don't know what it is
Book Censorship is the suppression of books that are considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or unconventional. The U.S does not ban books however individual, schools, school districts, and churches often impose 'local' bans on books.

Some commonly challenged books are:
The Harry Potter Series, Catcher in the Rye, Of Mice and Men, The Perks of being a Wallflower, To Kill a Mockingbird
, and many more.
By: Barb Furan, Hope Arkazana & Justin DeRusso
The practice of officially examining books, movies, etc., and suppressing unacceptable parts
What is Censorship?
Media Censorship
Freedom of speech is considered essential in America, as stated and protected by our first amendment in the U.S Constitution. However there has been controversy over the freedom of speech through out history. The first amendment is against censorship, however it does not protect against corporate censorship.

In 1734 there was a celebrated legal case involving John Peter Zenger, a New York newspaper printer. Zenger regularly published critical material about the corrupt Governor of the time, William Cosby. Zenger was in jail for eight months before he was given a trial. He was defended by Andrew Hamilton who was made famous for his speech "truth cannot be libel."

-Andrew Hamilton
The Important People
Once a government is committed to the principle of silencing the voice of opposition, it has only one way to go, and that is down the path of increasingly repressive measures, until it becomes a source of terror to all its citizens and creates a country where everyone lives in fear.
-Harry Truman
Internet Censorship
Internet censorship is the control or suppression of what can be accessed, published, or viewed on the Internet. In 1998 the U.S passed COPA, also known as Child Online Protection Act. The purpose of the act was to restrict access by minors to any material that was deemed harmful on the internet. However the law never took into effect. After three separate rounds of litigation the Supreme court shut down the law in 2009.

In a 2012 Internet Society survey 83% of people said the internet should be considered a basic human right. In this same survey 2/3 of the people said that government control would inhibit the growth of the internet. 70% also agreed that government involvement would make the it too controlled and would limit the content they can access
Free speech
Group Opinion
Our group is of the consensus that censorship is against human rights. The use of censorship causes widespread ignorance and has detrimental effects on society. The use of censorship in the media is also a violation of the copy right policy and a disgrace to the creator of the media. If censorship was completely abolished, some think that this would effect pornography. This is untrue because to include pornography in with censorship, one would have to change the Communications Decency Act and the age of consent. This act, and the Children's Internet Protection Act, blocks children form websites at school, protects children for being used in pornography, and makes child pornography illegal. Censorship isn't an abstract concept that only happens in other countries, it's happening in the United States right now. The "Free Speech Zones" (also know as "Free Speech Cages") set aside for protesters, infringes on free speech because it limits where free speech can actually occur. This makes free speech illegal outside these areas and infringes on a basic human right. Many school districts have banned books commonly know as "classics" because parents and the school board don't approve of the content. Our group believes that history shouldn't be rewritten, free speech shouldn't be taken from anyone, and what you think shouldn't be controlled. We are against censorship.
The Impact Censorship would have on our future
If the U.S government were to start to impose more censorship laws, it would be more than likely cause chaos. It would be harder to research on the internet, because anything the government deems unacceptable would be banned. There would be bans on music, TV shows, movies, and books. With so many items that we use for entertainment banned, chances are protests would break out all over the country. Such as the protest that broke out in Colorado over the AP U.S history curriculum. The school board in Colorado tried to change there AP U.S curriculum in order to make it more patriotic. However then the students discovered this they went after the school board and started to protest. Students were walking out of their class with the slogan "It's our history; don't make it mystery."
Ironically, also
Fahrenheit 451
Can you see who is blinding you?
An example of media censorship is the FCC's (Federal Censorship Committee) ban of "the seven dirty words". These were seven words that they have deemed too inappropriate for public airwaves. However sense 1972 court cases with the FCC involving inappropriate content being broadcasting lead to FCC v Pacifica Foundation establishing the safe-harbor provision.
“I don't want to be shut out from the truth. If they ban books, they might as well lock us away from the world.”—Rory Edwards
"Restriction of free thought and free speech is the most dangerous of all subversion's. It is the one un-American act that could most easily defeat us.”—Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas
Full transcript