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Copy of Egyptian Art
Transcript of Copy of Egyptian Art
3100 - 1200 BCE Ancient Egyptian art aimed at preserving order and stability, or the prevailing relationships between the king, people, and the gods. To do this, ancient Egyptian art followed certain rules or a style that made it distinctive and unmistakable. Prince of Persia Egypt used to be
part of a larger empire
called Persia. Contemporary map of the
Persian Empire The Palette of Narmer
which depicts the unification
of upper and lower Egypt under King Narmer Palettes were typically used for grinding cosmetics, but this palette is too large and heavy (and elaborate) to have been created for personal use and was likely a ritual or votive object, specifically made for donation to, or use in, a temple. One theory is that it was used to grind cosmetics to adorn the statues of the gods. The use of ancient Egyptian makeup was for both men and women, and was popular throughout the entire history of ancient Egypt. Eye makeup was the main form, and it was used daily. There were other types of makeup for the lips, cheeks and skin - but those were usually used only on occasion and not by everyone. They basically just lined their eyes in a cat-eye style, mainly for medical and spiritual purposes. Ancient Egyptian doctors recommended the use of eye makeup to reflect the rays of the sun and to keep insects away. The name King Tut has instant recognition in today's world, however, prior to the discovery of his tomb in 1922 people were unfamiliar with this pharaoh. In fact, his name had been omitted from all of the lists of rulers the ancient Egyptians compiled.
King Tut was born 1341 BC during the Amarna Age, a time when the pharaoh Akhenaten, his probable father, had introduced quasi-monotheistic beliefs into ancient Egypt, replacing the traditional religion. Akhenaten had moved both the administrative capital (Memphis) and religious capital (Thebes) to Akhetaten (modern Tel el Amarna) in Middle Egypt, a site not previously associated with any other god.
It is here that this young prince, named Tutankhaten - to honor Aten, the deity of his new religion - was born and spent his early childhood. The prince, however, ultimately did not maintain the religious movement his father introduced. He ascended the throne (around 1333 BCE), while still a child. Guided by two officials of the court, Tutankhamun restored the traditional gods and re-established Thebes as the religious capital and Memphis as the administrative centre. He also changed his name to Tutankhamun in order to direct attention to the restoration of the pantheon and the god Amun at its head. King Tut reigned for only about nine years, as he died in his late teens, but he has become famous the world over because his tomb was uncovered in almost perfect condition. King Tut, also known as the boy king,
came to power at the age of 9 or 10. He died
approximately 9 years later, in his late teens. Pattern and color in Egyptian Art Heiroglyphics Hieroglyphs are word pictures which represent the sounds of the Ancient Egyptian language. There are two basic types of hieroglyphs: IDEOGRAMS and PHONOGRAMS. Often the same image can be both an ideogram and a phonogram. IDEOGRAMS are images that depict the object they represent. For example the image of a mouth can represent the word 'mouth'. PHONOGRAMS are images that represent the sounds of the Ancient Egyptian language, just like our alphabet represents the sound of our language. For example, the image of a mouth can also represent the sound 'R'. Before you translate your words into hieroglyphs, break them down into their basic sounds of their syllables. For example, the word hieroglyph itself has ten letters but only eight sounds: h-i-r-o-g-l-y-f. Therefore, you would only need eight hieroglyphs to represent it.
Treat all double letters as single sounds. That should help you cut back on the number of hieroglyphs you need to use. A cartouche is an oval frame which surrounds the hieroglyphs that make up the name of an Egyptian God or royal person.
It represents a looped rope which has the magical power to protect the name that is written inside it.
A cartouche was meant to protect against evil spirits both in this life and the afterlife.
It can be arranged both horizontally or vertically depending on the best layout for its design. www.artyfactory.com There are three concepts one must bear in mind when looking at Ancient Egyptian portraiture:
the person represented may have chosen the particular form, and for him or her, it was real
Egyptian may have seen his individuality expressed in terms of conformity to Ma’at
the sense of identity in ancient Egypt was different from ours Maat or ma'at was the ancient Egyptian
concept of truth, balance, order, law,
morality, and justice. Maat or ma'at was the ancient Egyptian
concept of truth, balance, order, law,
morality, and justice. A statue was believed to convey a person’s true identity merely by bearing an inscription of its owner’s name upon it. The identity of a person fully inhabited it regardless whether there was any physical or facial resemblance. Other factors contributing to the further clarification of the person's identity could include a certain facial expression, a physical action or pose, or presence of certain official regalia (for example, the scribal palette). As to the king’s identity, it was determined through his various royal epithets as well as his different manifestations as a human, deity or animal. Sometimes certain physical features reoccur in statues and reliefs of the same person, but that doesn’t mean that they are portraits but rather a manifestation is a single quality or aspect.