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-Medicine Polio; STDs Medicine
in the 1930's and a cure and medicine ' Medical & Health News What is polio? A virus that usually infects only the small intestine. Symptoms? -Headache
none How does it spread? Through food, water, various objects, and other humans. Deaths & Permanent Damage: -1/300 cases invade the central nervous system ---> paralyzes
-Deaths caused by paralysis of the respiratory muscles.
-More than 500,000
people died in the US,
primarily children Impact on the US First Epidemic: -In 1894
-123 cases in Otter Valley, near Rutland, Vermont Important Dates: 1909-Karl Landsteiner discovered Polio was caused by virus.
1910-Became major health concern.
1938- Franklin D. Roosevelt created the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. A Cure 1935: -Maurice Brodie & William H. Park made an attempt to inactivate the virus without damaging its ability to stimulate antibody formation.
-John A. Kolmer developed vaccine using live virus that was chemically attenuated. Several children became paralyzed at least 10 died. 1979: Grant money led to the development of Jonas Salk & Bruce Sabin vaccines and the eventual eradication of Polio from the US. antibiotics
were being made
by this time There was some success achieved
for bacterial infections.
Drug- Salvarsan discovered by
G. scientist Paul Ehrlich sulfanilamide- first class of antibiotics
Known as sulfa drugs Variation of the sulfa drug- named Sulfapyridine, also known as M&B 693. It proved to be effective in treatment of pneumococcal pneumonia, disease that killed many especially the elderly Penicillin was discovered by
this time Sulfa drugs were the first long
line of antibiotics 1950's a vaccine was made that helped
slow polio down and eventually was eradicated Drug Failures Impact on the US Different STD's in the 30's -Syphilis
-Gonorrhea -1937: a series of deaths among children in Oklahoma who had been using a marketed form of the drug Elixir Sulfanilmide.
-It caused a total of 67 deaths.
-Prontosil: caused a deadly fever among women in postpartum weeks and in the disease gonorrhea. Food and Drug Administration grew and was given broader powers for enforcement of drug regulations. Citations 1:
Vigue, Charles L. "Polio." The Thirties in America, Ed, Thomas Tandy Lewis. 3 vols. Salem Press, 2011. Salem History Web. 14 Nov. 2012.
Adler, Richard. "Medicine." The Thirties in America. Ed. Thomas Tandy Lewis. 3 vols. Salem Press, 2011. Salem History Web. 14 Nov. 2012.
Adler, Richard. "Medicine." The Thirties in America. Ed. Thomas Tandy Lewis. 3 vols. Salem Press, 2011. Salem History Web. 14 Nov. 2012. Thanks for watching! :D