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Sustainable Design 601: Ethics and Equity

Lecture on Sustainability Ethics and Equity by Professor Gerry DeSeve for Philadelphia University's School of Architecture, Masters in Sustainable Design Program Introduction to Sustainability (SDN 601) Topics 1. Planning For Urban Equity Majora Carter o
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Gerry DeSeve

on 8 March 2011

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Transcript of Sustainable Design 601: Ethics and Equity

Another factor in maintaining balance involves the element of time. As we peer into society's

future, we you and I, and our government must avoid the impulse to live only for today,

plundering for our own ease and convenience the precious resources of tomorrow. We cannot

mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without risking the loss also of their

political and spiritual heritage. We want democracy to survive for all generations to come, not

to become the insolvent phantom of tomorrow.


President Dwight D. Eisenhower, "Farewell Address" delivered January 17th, 1961 A meme (pronounced /mim/, rhyming with "cream") is a postulated unit or

element of cultural ideas, symbols or practices, and is transmitted from one mind

to another through speech, gestures, rituals, or other imitable phenomena. (The

etymology of the term relates to the Greek word (pronounced /mimitismos/) for

"something imitated".) Supporters of the concept regard memes as cultural

analogues to genes, in that they self-replicate and respond to selective pressures.

Memeticists have not empirically proven the existence of discrete memes or their

proposed mechanism (compare the status of Platonic forms or of concepts such as

"ideals"), and memes (as distinct from ideas or cultural phenomena) do not form

part of the consensus of mainstream social sciences. The impact of climate change, specifically global warming and its potential to cause

natural disasters and other harmful phenomena such as rising sea levels, has become a

concern... Climate change is included as one of the ten trends most likely to impact the

Joint Force. For example, sea ice has been shrinking dramatically in Arctic regions each

summer, and in the future this could open new shipping routes across archipelagic

Canada and Northern Russia that could dramatically shorten transit times between

Europe and Northeast Asia. Furthermore, shrinking sea ice opens new areas for natural

resource exploitation, and may raise tensions between Arctic nations over the

demarcation of exclusive economic zones and between Arctic nations and maritime

states over the designation of important new waterways as international straits or

internal waters.

- United States Joint Forces Command: 2010 Joint Operating Environment (http://www.jfcom.mil/newslink/storyarchive/2010/JOE_2010_o.pdf) Yergin - The Prize

World War II is a watershed event for global sustainability

War demands oil, more than ever

US citizens reject rationing: gas is a "national birthright"

Petroleum and industrial production increase dramatically Source: University of Pensylvania Cartographic Modeling Laboratory - http://www.cml.upenn.edu/nis/ Greenworks Database:
https://login.salesforce.com/ US Federal spending ($ millions) by category Is eating meat ethical? Can we draw a line between what resources we can use ethically and sustainably and those we cannot? Chart and Hand Drawn Map Source: Hernando de Soto - The Challenge Of Connecting Informal And Formal Property Systems: Some Reflections Based On The Case Of Tanzania (see: http://www.swisshumanrightsbook.com/SHRB/shrb_01.html) Should sustainability be based solely on economic self-interest - or is this "hopelessly lopsided"? Do humans need ethical guidelines for sustainability? If yes, what should they include? Can architecture be unethical? Inequitable? Source: New York Times and http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy10/hist.html The suburbs of El Paso, Texas: Alameda Estates Colonia, Socorro, Texas -
http://tinyurl.com/alamedaestates

The suburbs of Mexico City: Neza/Calco/Izta - http://tinyurl.com/neza-chalco-izta Map of Mandela de Pedra:
http://tinyurl.com/mandeladepedra Gibson, The Perfect War

Vietnam is a realization of Weber and Eisenhower's fears

Mechanistic behavior

We fight - but do not understand - the foreign Other

Ethics are abandonned

Technowar - the production model of war - is run by managers The urban poor have to solve a complex equation as they try to optimize housing

cost, tenure security, quality of shelter, journey to work, and sometimes, personal

safety. For some people, including many pavement-dwellers, a location near a job -

say, in a produce market or train station - is even more important than a roof. For

others, free or nearly free land is worth epic commutes from the edge to the center.

And for everyone the worst situation is a bad, expensive location without municipal

services or security of tenure.


Mike Davis, Planet of Slums Meet Frank Luntz

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/persuaders/view/5_hi.html?rp Reich, The Greening of America

Vietnam is a watershed for sustainability: a metaphor for what is wrong with America and a catalyst for progressive sustainability

Disorder, corruption, hypocrisy and war

Poverty, distorted priorities and legislation by power

Uncontrolled technology, and the destruction of the environment

Decline of democracy and liberty, powerlessness

The artificality of work and culture

Absence of community

Loss of self Class Question:

What is the relationship between melting artic ice and US national security? The term slum includes the traditional meaning, that is, housing

areas that were once respectable or even desirable, but which have

since deteriorated, as the original dwellers have moved to new

and better areas of cities. The condition of the old houses has then

declined, and the units have been progressively subdivided and

rented out to lower-income groups. A typical example is the innercity

slums of many historical towns and cities in both the

industrial and the developing countries.


The term slum has, however, come to include also the vast

informal settlements that are quickly becoming the most visual

expression of urban poverty. The quality of dwellings in such

settlements varies from the simplest shack to permanent

structures, while access to water, electricity, sanitation and other

basic services and infrastructure tends to be limited. Such

settlements are referred to by a wide range of names and include

a variety of tenurial arrangements.


UN-HABITAT - Slums of the World (2003) Redlining Maps:

North -http://libwww.freelibrary.org/maps/ecw.cfm?ItemID=MJMBAA00001

South -
http://libwww.freelibrary.org/maps/ecw.cfm?ItemID=MJMBAA00002 Source: Amy Hillier, PhD., The Cartographic Modeling Laboratory (http://www.cml.upenn.edu), http://cml.upenn.edu/redlining/HOLC_1936.html Source: Author and http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy10/hist.html The present manuscript sets forth in convincing manner the great need for slum-clearance

and rehousing of the low-income groups, discussing the housing conditions in various

large cities, citing the various surveys conducted by local and other agencies, coupled

with a summary of the data secured, showing the importance of the matter.


- Edith Elmer Wood, Slums and Blighted Areas in the United States (1934)

(Text from:http://www.archive.org/stream/slumsblightedare00woodrich/slumsblightedare00woodrich_djvu.txt) Document Source: Amy Hillier, PhD., The Cartographic Modeling Laboratory (http://www.cml.upenn.edu), http://cml.upenn.edu/redlining/HOLC_1937.html [Slums are] an amalgam of dilapidated housing, overcrowding, disease, poverty and vice.

For 19th century liberals, of course, the moral dimension was decisive, and the slum was

first and above all envisioned as a place where an incorrigible and feral social

“residuum” rots in immoral and often riotous splendor...


Mike Davis, Planet of Slums Source: http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=6407 Coes Neck Bridge, Long Island, New York source - http://tinyurl.com/coesneckbridge Otta, Lagos, Nigeria Cute bunny - source http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_HpUTaQplJy0/SRkfja1Oo8I/AAAAAAAAAAM/s5C0Dblrbjc/S692/cute_bunny.jpg Mandela de Pedra, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Soweto, Gauteng, South Africa Ethics, Persuasion & Climate Change San Juan de Lurigancho, Lima, Peru 50% of Americans polled believe that “global warming is caused primarily by long-term planetary trends”

Americans are less inclined than before to believe the threat of Global Climate Change to be “very serious”

Rasmussen Poll conducted on December 17, 2009 Obama's "No lose" Global Warming Policy Agenda

Integrate with work done by Public Interest Groups in the courts and on Cap & Trade

Leverage Supreme Court / EPA / Clean Air Act "Endagerment Finding"

Create EPA Mandatory Reporting Rule

Demonstrate renewed US commitment to UN treaty process at COP

Coordinate with Congress and Public Interest Groups on Cap & Trade legislation

Use EPA to implement non-legislative strategies if Cap & Trade fails Campaign Platform

Reduce our Greenhouse Gas Emissions 80 Percent by 2050

Implement an Economy-wide cap-and-trade program to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions 80 percent by 2050: The Obama-Biden cap-and-trade policy will require all pollution credits to be auctioned, and proceeds will go to investments in a clean energy future and rebates and other transition relief for families.

Make the U.S. a Leader on Climate Change: Obama and Biden will re-engage with the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) – the main international forum dedicated to addressing the climate problem. They will also create a Global Energy Forum of the world’s largest emitters to focus exclusively on global energy and environmental issues.


Obama-Biden Blueprint For Change Sustainable Design 601:
Ethics & Equity Jowett and O'Donnell

Persuasion is transactional, propaganda is manipulative. Sustainability Ethics Themes

* From reading

* From your experience

* What you're curious about Sustainability Ethics Questions III

What is at the core of sustainability? Sustainability Ethics Questions II

What is a classic definition of ethics? Sustainability Ethics Questions I

What is your definition of ethics? Sustainability Equity Question

What is your definition of equity? Sustainability Jeopardy! Question

Are you ready to play sustainability Jeopardy!? Bureaucracies have always arisen to effect a planned extraction of energy

surpluses (taxes, tribute, rents, forced labor) and they expand in proportion to

their ability to control and process those energy flows.


Manuel De Landa, A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History Our historical exploration of urban dynamics must include an

analysis of the institutions that inhabit cities, whether the

bureaucracies that run them or the markets that animate them.


Manuel De Landa, A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History Jowett and O'Donnell - Stages of Propaganda

1. The ideology and purpose of the propaganda campaign,

2. The context in which the propaganda occurs,

3. Identification of the propagandist,

4. The structure of the propaganda organization,

5. The target audience,

6. Media utilization techniques,

7. Special various techniques,

8. Audience reaction to various techniques,

9. Counterpropaganda, if present, and

10. Effects and evaluation. Greenworks database: https://login.salesforce.com/ What should policy makers do to ethically create suburbs which are more sustainable? Ethics, Persuasion & Climate Change Suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Newtown, PA source - http://tinyurl.com/newtownmap Class Question: Will Greenworks' Equity section create equity in the City? Class Question: Will LEED ND improve equity in its neighborhoods? If yes, how?

If not, what else would it need to include in order to be equitable? Class questions: Is this ethical? It is propaganda? Is propaganda ethical? Souce: http://www.policymap.com/ Source: Reich, Charles A. (1970-09-26). "Reflections: The Greening of America". The New Yorker: 42. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/1970/09/26/1970_09_26_042_TNY_CARDS_000298460. No one knows who will live in this cage in the future, or whether at the end of this tremendous

development, entirely new prophets will arise, or there will be a great rebirth of old ideas and ideals,

or, if neither, mechanized petrification, embellished with a sort of convulsive self-importance. For of

the last stage of this cultural development, it might well be truly said: "Specialists without spirit,

sensualists without heart; this nullity imagines that it has attained a level of civilization never before

achieved."


Max Weber

Source: The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons (New York: 1930) [orig. pub. 1904-5] By Professor Gerry DeSeve for Philadelphia University's radiate School of Architecture, Masters in Sustainable Design Program, Introduction to Sustainability SDN 601.

University President: Dr. Stephen Spinelli

Provost: Dr. Randy Swearer

Dean of the School of Architecture at Philadelphia University: Dr. Vini Nathan

Director, Master of Science in Sustainable Design at Philadelphia University: Rob Fleming

Graduate Assistant: Sharon Jaffee

Special Thanks
Philadelphia Free Library
Google Maps
TED Conferences
G. Edward DeSeve

Open Source Learning
One of the principles of the Master of Science in Sustainable Design (MSSD) at Philadelphia University is Integrated Design Education. Within this principle, "ownership” of ideas and design solutions is downplayed in favor of larger collective solutions to complex problems associated with sustainability - open source learning. (See: http://www.philau.edu/green/)

This principle is applied to the contents of this document: it is an Open Educational Resource (OER), (cc) 2010 under Creative Commons Attribution License. For additional information, please see: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ and http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode Extreme Ice Survey:
http://vimeo.com/5414884 Philadelphia University: http://www.philau.edu | Master's In Sustainable Design: http://www.philau.edu/green/
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