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Sustainable Design 601: Ethics and Equity
Transcript of Sustainable Design 601: Ethics and Equity
future, we you and I, and our government must avoid the impulse to live only for today,
plundering for our own ease and convenience the precious resources of tomorrow. We cannot
mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without risking the loss also of their
political and spiritual heritage. We want democracy to survive for all generations to come, not
to become the insolvent phantom of tomorrow.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, "Farewell Address" delivered January 17th, 1961 A meme (pronounced /mim/, rhyming with "cream") is a postulated unit or
element of cultural ideas, symbols or practices, and is transmitted from one mind
to another through speech, gestures, rituals, or other imitable phenomena. (The
etymology of the term relates to the Greek word (pronounced /mimitismos/) for
"something imitated".) Supporters of the concept regard memes as cultural
analogues to genes, in that they self-replicate and respond to selective pressures.
Memeticists have not empirically proven the existence of discrete memes or their
proposed mechanism (compare the status of Platonic forms or of concepts such as
"ideals"), and memes (as distinct from ideas or cultural phenomena) do not form
part of the consensus of mainstream social sciences. The impact of climate change, specifically global warming and its potential to cause
natural disasters and other harmful phenomena such as rising sea levels, has become a
concern... Climate change is included as one of the ten trends most likely to impact the
Joint Force. For example, sea ice has been shrinking dramatically in Arctic regions each
summer, and in the future this could open new shipping routes across archipelagic
Canada and Northern Russia that could dramatically shorten transit times between
Europe and Northeast Asia. Furthermore, shrinking sea ice opens new areas for natural
resource exploitation, and may raise tensions between Arctic nations over the
demarcation of exclusive economic zones and between Arctic nations and maritime
states over the designation of important new waterways as international straits or
- United States Joint Forces Command: 2010 Joint Operating Environment (http://www.jfcom.mil/newslink/storyarchive/2010/JOE_2010_o.pdf) Yergin - The Prize
World War II is a watershed event for global sustainability
War demands oil, more than ever
US citizens reject rationing: gas is a "national birthright"
Petroleum and industrial production increase dramatically Source: University of Pensylvania Cartographic Modeling Laboratory - http://www.cml.upenn.edu/nis/ Greenworks Database:
https://login.salesforce.com/ US Federal spending ($ millions) by category Is eating meat ethical? Can we draw a line between what resources we can use ethically and sustainably and those we cannot? Chart and Hand Drawn Map Source: Hernando de Soto - The Challenge Of Connecting Informal And Formal Property Systems: Some Reflections Based On The Case Of Tanzania (see: http://www.swisshumanrightsbook.com/SHRB/shrb_01.html) Should sustainability be based solely on economic self-interest - or is this "hopelessly lopsided"? Do humans need ethical guidelines for sustainability? If yes, what should they include? Can architecture be unethical? Inequitable? Source: New York Times and http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy10/hist.html The suburbs of El Paso, Texas: Alameda Estates Colonia, Socorro, Texas -
The suburbs of Mexico City: Neza/Calco/Izta - http://tinyurl.com/neza-chalco-izta Map of Mandela de Pedra:
http://tinyurl.com/mandeladepedra Gibson, The Perfect War
Vietnam is a realization of Weber and Eisenhower's fears
We fight - but do not understand - the foreign Other
Ethics are abandonned
Technowar - the production model of war - is run by managers The urban poor have to solve a complex equation as they try to optimize housing
cost, tenure security, quality of shelter, journey to work, and sometimes, personal
safety. For some people, including many pavement-dwellers, a location near a job -
say, in a produce market or train station - is even more important than a roof. For
others, free or nearly free land is worth epic commutes from the edge to the center.
And for everyone the worst situation is a bad, expensive location without municipal
services or security of tenure.
Mike Davis, Planet of Slums Meet Frank Luntz
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/persuaders/view/5_hi.html?rp Reich, The Greening of America
Vietnam is a watershed for sustainability: a metaphor for what is wrong with America and a catalyst for progressive sustainability
Disorder, corruption, hypocrisy and war
Poverty, distorted priorities and legislation by power
Uncontrolled technology, and the destruction of the environment
Decline of democracy and liberty, powerlessness
The artificality of work and culture
Absence of community
Loss of self Class Question:
What is the relationship between melting artic ice and US national security? The term slum includes the traditional meaning, that is, housing
areas that were once respectable or even desirable, but which have
since deteriorated, as the original dwellers have moved to new
and better areas of cities. The condition of the old houses has then
declined, and the units have been progressively subdivided and
rented out to lower-income groups. A typical example is the innercity
slums of many historical towns and cities in both the
industrial and the developing countries.
The term slum has, however, come to include also the vast
informal settlements that are quickly becoming the most visual
expression of urban poverty. The quality of dwellings in such
settlements varies from the simplest shack to permanent
structures, while access to water, electricity, sanitation and other
basic services and infrastructure tends to be limited. Such
settlements are referred to by a wide range of names and include
a variety of tenurial arrangements.
UN-HABITAT - Slums of the World (2003) Redlining Maps:
http://libwww.freelibrary.org/maps/ecw.cfm?ItemID=MJMBAA00002 Source: Amy Hillier, PhD., The Cartographic Modeling Laboratory (http://www.cml.upenn.edu), http://cml.upenn.edu/redlining/HOLC_1936.html Source: Author and http://www.gpoaccess.gov/usbudget/fy10/hist.html The present manuscript sets forth in convincing manner the great need for slum-clearance
and rehousing of the low-income groups, discussing the housing conditions in various
large cities, citing the various surveys conducted by local and other agencies, coupled
with a summary of the data secured, showing the importance of the matter.
- Edith Elmer Wood, Slums and Blighted Areas in the United States (1934)
(Text from:http://www.archive.org/stream/slumsblightedare00woodrich/slumsblightedare00woodrich_djvu.txt) Document Source: Amy Hillier, PhD., The Cartographic Modeling Laboratory (http://www.cml.upenn.edu), http://cml.upenn.edu/redlining/HOLC_1937.html [Slums are] an amalgam of dilapidated housing, overcrowding, disease, poverty and vice.
For 19th century liberals, of course, the moral dimension was decisive, and the slum was
first and above all envisioned as a place where an incorrigible and feral social
“residuum” rots in immoral and often riotous splendor...
Mike Davis, Planet of Slums Source: http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=6407 Coes Neck Bridge, Long Island, New York source - http://tinyurl.com/coesneckbridge Otta, Lagos, Nigeria Cute bunny - source http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_HpUTaQplJy0/SRkfja1Oo8I/AAAAAAAAAAM/s5C0Dblrbjc/S692/cute_bunny.jpg Mandela de Pedra, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Soweto, Gauteng, South Africa Ethics, Persuasion & Climate Change San Juan de Lurigancho, Lima, Peru 50% of Americans polled believe that “global warming is caused primarily by long-term planetary trends”
Americans are less inclined than before to believe the threat of Global Climate Change to be “very serious”
Rasmussen Poll conducted on December 17, 2009 Obama's "No lose" Global Warming Policy Agenda
Integrate with work done by Public Interest Groups in the courts and on Cap & Trade
Leverage Supreme Court / EPA / Clean Air Act "Endagerment Finding"
Create EPA Mandatory Reporting Rule
Demonstrate renewed US commitment to UN treaty process at COP
Coordinate with Congress and Public Interest Groups on Cap & Trade legislation
Use EPA to implement non-legislative strategies if Cap & Trade fails Campaign Platform
Reduce our Greenhouse Gas Emissions 80 Percent by 2050
Implement an Economy-wide cap-and-trade program to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions 80 percent by 2050: The Obama-Biden cap-and-trade policy will require all pollution credits to be auctioned, and proceeds will go to investments in a clean energy future and rebates and other transition relief for families.
Make the U.S. a Leader on Climate Change: Obama and Biden will re-engage with the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) – the main international forum dedicated to addressing the climate problem. They will also create a Global Energy Forum of the world’s largest emitters to focus exclusively on global energy and environmental issues.
Obama-Biden Blueprint For Change Sustainable Design 601:
Ethics & Equity Jowett and O'Donnell
Persuasion is transactional, propaganda is manipulative. Sustainability Ethics Themes
* From reading
* From your experience
* What you're curious about Sustainability Ethics Questions III
What is at the core of sustainability? Sustainability Ethics Questions II
What is a classic definition of ethics? Sustainability Ethics Questions I
What is your definition of ethics? Sustainability Equity Question
What is your definition of equity? Sustainability Jeopardy! Question
Are you ready to play sustainability Jeopardy!? Bureaucracies have always arisen to effect a planned extraction of energy
surpluses (taxes, tribute, rents, forced labor) and they expand in proportion to
their ability to control and process those energy flows.
Manuel De Landa, A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History Our historical exploration of urban dynamics must include an
analysis of the institutions that inhabit cities, whether the
bureaucracies that run them or the markets that animate them.
Manuel De Landa, A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History Jowett and O'Donnell - Stages of Propaganda
1. The ideology and purpose of the propaganda campaign,
2. The context in which the propaganda occurs,
3. Identification of the propagandist,
4. The structure of the propaganda organization,
5. The target audience,
6. Media utilization techniques,
7. Special various techniques,
8. Audience reaction to various techniques,
9. Counterpropaganda, if present, and
10. Effects and evaluation. Greenworks database: https://login.salesforce.com/ What should policy makers do to ethically create suburbs which are more sustainable? Ethics, Persuasion & Climate Change Suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Newtown, PA source - http://tinyurl.com/newtownmap Class Question: Will Greenworks' Equity section create equity in the City? Class Question: Will LEED ND improve equity in its neighborhoods? If yes, how?
If not, what else would it need to include in order to be equitable? Class questions: Is this ethical? It is propaganda? Is propaganda ethical? Souce: http://www.policymap.com/ Source: Reich, Charles A. (1970-09-26). "Reflections: The Greening of America". The New Yorker: 42. http://www.newyorker.com/archive/1970/09/26/1970_09_26_042_TNY_CARDS_000298460. No one knows who will live in this cage in the future, or whether at the end of this tremendous
development, entirely new prophets will arise, or there will be a great rebirth of old ideas and ideals,
or, if neither, mechanized petrification, embellished with a sort of convulsive self-importance. For of
the last stage of this cultural development, it might well be truly said: "Specialists without spirit,
sensualists without heart; this nullity imagines that it has attained a level of civilization never before
Source: The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons (New York: 1930) [orig. pub. 1904-5] By Professor Gerry DeSeve for Philadelphia University's radiate School of Architecture, Masters in Sustainable Design Program, Introduction to Sustainability SDN 601.
University President: Dr. Stephen Spinelli
Provost: Dr. Randy Swearer
Dean of the School of Architecture at Philadelphia University: Dr. Vini Nathan
Director, Master of Science in Sustainable Design at Philadelphia University: Rob Fleming
Graduate Assistant: Sharon Jaffee
Philadelphia Free Library
G. Edward DeSeve
Open Source Learning
One of the principles of the Master of Science in Sustainable Design (MSSD) at Philadelphia University is Integrated Design Education. Within this principle, "ownership” of ideas and design solutions is downplayed in favor of larger collective solutions to complex problems associated with sustainability - open source learning. (See: http://www.philau.edu/green/)
This principle is applied to the contents of this document: it is an Open Educational Resource (OER), (cc) 2010 under Creative Commons Attribution License. For additional information, please see: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ and http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode Extreme Ice Survey:
http://vimeo.com/5414884 Philadelphia University: http://www.philau.edu | Master's In Sustainable Design: http://www.philau.edu/green/