Transcript of Asthma
by Catherine Hogan Period 5 Asthma Description Asthma is a condition that when an attack occurs tightens the muscles around the bronchi tubes, making breathing difficult. Symptoms Facts Statistics Risk Factors Prevention Methods Treatment Monitoring Condition Bibliography -Allergies or irritants can cause attacks, this type of asthma is known as extrinsic asthma -Wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, pulling in the skin between ribs when breathing, rapid breathing and pulse, increased sweat, tingling in fingers or legs, drowsiness, confusion, difficult breathing, anxiety (due to shortness of breath), strange breathing pattern, breathing stops shortly, chest pain, and tight chest are some symptoms -In severe cases, known as asthmaticus, a person's skin may turn blue. - Because of this, a person with allergies is very likely to be an asthmatic _ Asthma can cause prevention of exercise and other activities, changes in function of the lungs (permanent), persistent cough, troubled breathing(need help of machines), and in some cases, death -Anybody at any age can get asthma -women are more likely to get asthma than men -There is no cure for asthma, but there are ways of managing it with medicine to prevent attacks "Adults with asthma in the US, 2009" -An person with a family history of allergies such as hay fever and eczema is more likely to be an asthmatic than a person with no family history of allergies. -Aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs can put a person at higher risk of an attack -Being exposed to irritants such as dust, fumes, medicines, dyes, odors, exercise, certain conditions, tobacco smoke, air pollution, cockroaches, pets, mold, smoke from burned wood or grass and more can put you at a high risk of an attack. -Taking medicine regularly can help prevent attacks (with instruction from doctor) -Limiting exposure to allergens or physical activity -Learning relaxation techniques and methods for control over breathing and coughing -Finding out early signs of an attack -Covering furniture with allergy proof protectors can reduce dust mites (which can cause an attack) -Carpets should be vacuumed regularly -Unscented detergents and cleaners should be used -Skin tests will be run to see if patient has allergies -A pulmonary function test helps doctors measure a person's lung capacity. This test is run by having a person breathe heavily into a tube. -In a challenge test, a patient is exposed to an allergen or condition that gives them an attack so that the doctor can prescribe a more effective treatment -Treatment prevents tight muscles, inflammation, and production of mucus -There are two types of treatment, ones that can prevent attacks and ones that provide relief for when an attack is occurring -Anti-inflammatory drugs stop development of inflammation in bronchial tubes -Bronchodilators relax bronchial muscles, which widens air passageways -Xolair helps to lower the body's overall reaction during an attack -Inhalers are sprayed into the mouth and give medicine to the throat -Drugs relax the muscles, suction machines unclog airways, and respirators (or ventilators) temporarily breathe for you -Some control drugs (to prevent attacks) are inhalers, inhaled steroids, leukotriene inhibitors, omalizumab (Xolair), and cromolyn or nedocromil sodium -Some quick-relief drugs are inhalers (such as proventil, ventolin and xopenex) and oral steriods (taken as pills, capsules, or liquid) - Types of medicine vary on how severe someone's case is -A doctor or nurse uses a stethoscope to listen to the lungs -A patient is observed on how they can adapt in different air conditions -A spirometry test measures how your lungs work and helps to find out if someone has asthma or not Another way of measuring lung capacity. A patient blows into the bottom part and the "dots" move up or down depending on the patient's breathing abilities. Bunch, Byron, and Jenny Tesar, eds. "Asthma." Diseases. Vol. 1. 2006. Print.Full transcript
<http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/>."Asthma." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p.. Web. 1 Mar. 2013.
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http://vitals.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/01/14/16508599-cough-lasts-18-days-no-matter-what-you-do-study-finds?lite Bibliography (cont.)