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Copy of Passe Compose Andrew S.

How passe compose is learned and understood by me. My passe compose mind map.
by

Rachel Shannon

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Passe Compose Andrew S.

Passé Composé
How to use passé composé
Step 1 - Use an auxilary verb
Avoir in most cases;
Example:
J'ai Nous avons
Tu as Vous avez
Il a Ils ont
Elle a Elles ont
On a
Step 2 - Use the past participle
Auxilary verbs change as follows -
er to é
ir to i
re to u

Être - Watch out for a few irregulars;
Venir - Venu (same for devenir/revenir)
Naître - Né
Mourir - Mort (All the others follow the same pattern)
For all verbs conjugated with Être, agreement is necessary - Add an 'e' if feminine/Add an 's' if plural
Examples of regular 'er' verbs
J'ai mangé du pain.
I ate bread.
Nous avons parlé.
We spoke.
Examples of regular 'ir' and 're' verbs
Elle a choisi une parapluie.
She chose an umbrella.
Vous avez vendu la maison.
You sold the house.
When will I ever use the passé composé?
Passé composé is used when describing completed actions in the past.
Examples of passé composé that are reflexive
Je me suis révéillé(e) très tôt.
I woke up very early.
Être in other cases (list of 15 verbs) and reflexive verbs always take Être
Example;
Je suis Nous sommes
Tu est Vous êtes
Il est Ils sont
Elle est Elles sont
On est
Using the Question Form
Question form can be as simple as adding a question mark.
Tu as mangé?
As-tu mangé?
Est-ce que tu as mangé?
Negative Past Tense
Here are some common irregular verbs.
Common Irregular Verbs
être - été
avoir - eu
Boire - bu
faire - fait
mettre - mis
voir - vu
Negative; the 'ne' is placed before the auxiliary verb and the 'pas' is placed after it.
Examples:
Je n'ai pas mangé l'ananas.
Elle n'a pas dancé.
Nous ne sommes pas tombés.
Full transcript