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The Australian Gold Rush PIP
Transcript of The Australian Gold Rush PIP
A large scale and hasty movement of people to a region where gold has recently been discovered, e.g. The Californian gold rush which caused 300,000 prospectors to flood to the once small city of Los Angeles.
- Dictionary.com The Beginning Of The Gold Rush Gold was discovered in Australia multiple times before the gold rush even started. Gold was discovered in 1823 by James McBrian and again in 1839 by Paul de Strzelecki; However the discoveries were suppressed by the Government. They withheld the information as they were fearful that it would encourage convicts and free settlers to abandon the cities and newly established townships in search for gold. The suppression of gold discoveries continued until the 1850's.
At the start of the 1850's signs of a huge gold rush started to show. Large gold deposits were discovered in various parts of Australia (especially around the Eastern States) and information leaked around to countries such as Europe, America, the Middle East, and China. Paul McBrien Paul de Strzelecki Negative Impacts On Australia Because of The Gold Rush 1. Indigenous Australians were forced off their land as the diggers hunted for their fortune.
2. There was a huge increase in the separation of families as fathers left their jobs and homes to go the goldfields in search of gold. Many tradesmen, businessmen, and various other workers left their jobs in search of gold.
3. The negative environmental effect from the gold rush completely changed Australia’s landscape forever. Positive Impacts On Australia Because of The Gold Rush 1. The gold rush grew Australia’s population from 430,000 people to over 1.7m in 1871. This increase in population benefited Australia in many different ways, especially the economy.
2. The gold rush helped bring improvements and innovation to both public transportation and personal transportation.
3. Democracy was developed from the Eureka stockade. Bibliography 1. Aboriginal Displacement 2. The Separation Of Families And Loss Of Jobs 3. Environmental Effect The gold rush was a disaster for Australia's natural environment. Features of the Australian landscape were forever altered in the space of a few decades, these negative effects can still be seen in the gold fields today.
Once flat landscapes were completely destroyed as the diggers determinedly and sometimes desperately hunted for their 'one in a million find'. This desire kept them digging deeper and deeper into the ground and into the mountain sides.
Soil erosion was a major side effect of the gold rush. Soil erosion is the imbalance of the removal of topsoil and the soil forming processes that replace/restore it. Soil erosion results in land infertility and leads to desertification and devastating flooding. Soil erosion is the reason most gold fields have little natural flora.
Water salinity rose as natural watercourses were diverted, causing infertility to the natural flora in the surrounding areas.
The various new cultures introduced noxious weeds which decimated most of Australia's native flora and affected some native fauna. The introduction of domestic animals to unpopulated areas also effected Australia's natural environment. The gold rush increased the rate of separation in Australian families. This happened because of the fathers or elder brothers leaving home in search for gold. This in turn left the wives and elder sisters to operate the family business on their own. Not only did farmers and small business owners leave home but businessmen, tradesmen, labourers, state administrators, and various other workers also left their jobs in search of gold. The very backbone of Australia's workforce left their jobs in search of gold. As a result productivity decreased, projects were put on hold, and businesses went bankrupt. The gold rush increased the amount of aboriginal displacement as more and more desire driven diggers forced their way onto aboriginal land in search of fortune. The effects of gold mining on the land were devastating and long-lasting. Gold mining ripped up the land, polluted the rivers and creeks, and left nothing for the aboriginal people who had lived there for centuries. Aborigines were yet again pushed aside, this increased the tension between the Aborigines and the Europeans which still exists today. 1. Australia's Population And Economy Growth 2. Transport 3. Democracy The gold rush helped bring improvements in transportation. The famous "Cobb and Co Coaches" ran successfully for half a century thanks to the gold rush. Train lines and trams were built, linking the major city centres and express routes were built to the gold fields. Roadways were also improved because of the large amount of available funds. Without the gold rush transportation would not be at the stage it is today. The gold rush in led to the Eureka Stockade which was a dispute between the diggers and the government troopers about the excessively high mining fee. There was a battle which lasted less than an hour with around 22 digger deaths and around 6 trooper deaths. A Commission of Enquiry was conducted and changes were implemented. These included the abolition of monthly gold digging licenses, which were replaced with an affordable annual miner's license. The numbers of troopers were reduced significantly, and Legislative Council was expanded to allow representation to the major gold fields. Peter Lalor and John Basson Humffray, were elected for Ballarat. Later, Lalor was elected Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Victoria. For these reasons, the Eureka Stockade is regarded by many as the birthplace of Australian Democracy. References:
Answers.com (n.d.) The Q&A wiki. [online] Available at: http://wiki.answers.com/ [Accessed: 15 Feb 2013].
Au.answers.yahoo.com (2008) How the gold rush changed Australia?. [online] Available at: http://au.answers.yahoo.com [Accessed: 15 Feb 2013].
En.wikipedia.org (2013) Australian gold rushes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [online] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org [Accessed: 14 Feb 2013].
Goldoz.com.au (n.d.) Australian Gold Rush. [online] Available at: http://www.goldoz.com.au [Accessed: 17 Feb 2013].
Kwintessential.co.uk (n.d.) Interesting Facts & Information. [online] Available at: http://www.kwintessential.co.uk [Accessed: 17 Feb 2013].
Migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au (n.d.) Australia's Migration Heritatge. [online] Available at: http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au [Accessed: 15 Feb 2013].
Timetoast.com (n.d.) Timetoast timelines. [online] Available at: http://www.timetoast.com/ [Accessed: 14 Feb 2013]. The gold rush grew Australia's total population from 430,000 in 1851 to over 1.7m in 1871, in 30 years Australia's population more than tripled! Because of this huge increase of population, the economy boomed, businesses thrived, multiculturalism exploded, and Australia became an independent country.
Victoria alone exported 1/3 of the world's gold from 1851-1871, because of this the economy boomed and businesses thrived. Most of the people who migrated into Australia for the gold rush brought nothing but the will to work and the skills that they had attained from their home country. Many of them never saw any gold but their skills and their ‘anything’s possible or I’ll do whatever it takes attitude’ proved to be invaluable for the formation of Australia. The positive attitudes of the immigrants developed Australia into a country which could stand it’s ground in difficult situations and also a country that didn’t need support from other countries to thrive.