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A Rose by Any Other Name

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by

Molly Ryan

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of A Rose by Any Other Name

Limited Government
is shown in the constitution because it specifically states powers that the central government does and does not possess.
Popular Sovereignty
is represented in the constitution and gives it's citizens the right to vote.
Republicanism
is shown because the constitution says that representatives must be elected.
Federalism
is strongly reflected in the constitution as the whole thing is based upon the idea that the power most be divided between the national, state, and city governments.
Separation of Powers
is demonstrated that the responsibilities of the government are divided between the three branches, as the constitution states.
Checks and Balances
is exhibited because the constitution gives each branch some control over the others therefore no branch has complete power over any subject.
Individual Rights
is displayed in the Bill of Rights, which guarantees the right's of all citizens.

A Rose by Any Other Name
By Molly, Ashley, Cassidy, and Emily
Unit Questions
The United States falls under a Constitution which is known as the "Supreme Law of the Land". It possesses the laws and regulations of our country and includes a Bill of Rights to protect our individuality. It was last ratified in 1788.
The United States of America
What Principles of Government are Reflected in the Constitution?
How do principles of government influence the government?
How do the different levels of government help meet the needs of the citizens?
How do citizens participate in government?
Is the constitution guaranteed?
How does a Constitution and Bill of Rights impact daily life?
Citizens participate in government in many ways. Participation can be enacted through voting for representatives in national and state elections (known as popular sovereignty) and attending council meetings to gain and discuss information. Another example of the ways citizens can engage in the government is by serving as a juror and running for and/or holding public office in government. Also the people can sign petitions and write letters to elected representatives.
There are multiple levels of government. These include, Federal, State, and Local.
The
Federal
level

of government gives America a strong military that protects the citizens. Also, this level creates laws and amendments, which work toward benefiting the citizens.
The
State
level

of government creates state constitutions to meet the needs of individual states. Disabilities are determined and highways are maintained by states. The states establish minimum wages and issue licenses.
The
Local
level of government writes and manages plans for specific area's development. This includes managing the natural and urban environment. This level also tries to reduce crime, increase jobs, and access housing.

The principles of government affect the government by providing an organized way of running things, and they create a specific way everything should be managed. An example of this is checks and balances. This principle ensures that each branch has the power to check each other therefore organization is kept.

Another example of how the principles affect government is how they guarantee that one individual, branch, or level of government doesn't have complete power. Federalism and separation of powers ensure that the power is distributed. Also, popular sovereignty and individual rights give the people freedoms and power which ensures that the government doesn't have all the control. Also overall control is not given to one specific branch creating equality.

The Purpose of a Constitution
The purpose of the constitution is to protect specific rights of the citizens, and it gives the government certain powers (like to collect taxes). It also establishes a central (federal) government. The constitution provides procedures for scenarios such as elections and supreme court nominations.
Sources
"World Intellectual Property Organization." Madagascar: The Constitution of the Republic of Madagascar. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.

"THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES." N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014

"1987 Philippine Constitution - The LawPhil Project." 1987 Philippine Constitution. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2014.

"The Purpose Of The Constitution." Purpose of the Constitution. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.

"Odinarkiv - UD; Nytt Fra Norge; THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NORWAY ( Grunnloven)." Odinarkiv - UD; Nytt Fra Norge; THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF NORWAY ( Grunnloven). N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.
Questions to Contemplate...
(Is still a rose)
The Constitution is a major privilege that we as Americans have. Due to the Constitution, we have rights and liberties. For Americans, yes, the Constitution is guaranteed. However, when you start looking into other countries where the citizens and the life of the country as a whole isn't a priority, you soon see that their Constitution is not guaranteed. We are very lucky to have the rights that we do under our Constitution, which is guaranteed to our daily lives.
Shared:
Has a preamble and articles
Includes a Bill of Rights
Establishes a separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Has a multiparty political system
The protection of human rights and freedom of speech
Differences:
U.S. executive branch has a president while Madagascar's executive branch is led by a prime minister
The president's term is five years in Madagascar's constitution
The intentions of our founding fathers is reflected in the preamble.
It states that the constitution's goal was to: create a better union, establish justice, keep the peace, provide defense, and promote liberty to current and future citizens
Next is the articles, which lays out the structure of the government (Ex: three branches)
U.S. Constitution
Madagascar
Compare/Contrast
Constitutional Structures
Constitutional Structures
U.S. Constitution
Norway
Compare/Contrast
The intentions of our founding fathers is reflected in the preamble.
It states that the constitution's goal was to: create a better union, establish justice, keep the peace, provide defense, and promote liberty to current and future citizens
Next is the articles, which lays out the structure of the government (Ex: three branches)
Shared:
Have priorities of protecting the country and it's citizens
Both declare citizen's individual rights (Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Speech, etc.)
Differences:
U.S. Constitution has a Preamble.
Norway's Constitution doesn't have a Bill of Rights to separately clarify the freedoms of the citizens
Norway has 112 articles, while the US only has 7.
Constitutional Structures
U.S. Constitution
Philippines
Compare/Contrast
The intentions of our founding fathers is reflected in the preamble.
It states that the constitution's goal was to: create a better union, establish justice, keep the peace, provide defense, and promote liberty to current and future citizens
Next is the articles, which lays out the structure of the government (Ex: three branches)
Similarities:
Includes a preamble and Bill of Rights
Both constitutions include separation of church and state.
Government powers are separated between legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
The legislative branch is made up of a Senate and House of Representatives.
Judicial branch includes a Supreme Court

Differences:
The Philippine's constitution has 18 articles while the U.S. only has seven.
The U.S. constitution states that a president can be in office for two four-year terms while Philippines' president can only run for one term of six years.
The constitution was approved on August 19, 1992.
The president is elected for a five-year period and is limited to two terms in office.
Prime minister is the head of state.
The authors' intentions were to create a substantial yet limited government that gave the citizens rights.
A cabinet of ministers is appointed by the prime minister, and there are three administrative provinces.
The intentions of the people were shown in a popular election on August 19, 1982 where a new constitution was approved
The government is a Constitutional Monarchy
In the Constitution of Norway it clarifies that the government's head is the Prime Minister
The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarchy with the approval of Parliament.
There are 169 members to the Parliament, and members serve four year terms.
The authors' intentions were to protect the rights of the citizens.
The constitution was last ratified on February 2, 1987.
The legal system is made up of civil, common, Islamic, and customary law.
A presidential term lasts six years and an individual can only serve one term.
There have been a total of 6 constitutions under America, Spain, and their own government. Philippines is currently it's own country and is under the Constitution of 1987.
The separation of church and state is inviolable.
The authors of the constitution had the intentions to protect the rights of the citizens and create a limited central government.
Summary of the U.S. Constitution
Click here to see a simulation of daily life without the bill of rights!
http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/student-resources/play-games/life-without-the-bill-of-rights/
The Constitution limits the government and makes sure there are no tyrants. It also sets up the procedures for many things such as nominations, elections, public meetings, etc.

The Bill of Rights allows citizens certain liberties. It lets citizens practice whatever religion they choose, speak their mind, assemble, carry arms, and many more.
WATCH TO SEE WHAT THE CONSTITUTION DOES FOR OUR COUNTRY
WATCH TO SEE HOW THE BILL OF RIGHTS IMPACTS YOUR DAILY LIFE
Full transcript