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Traffic Safety Merit Badge

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Joy Moody

on 27 December 2013

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Transcript of Traffic Safety Merit Badge

Traffic Safety Merit Badge
Valid state driver's license
Vehicle Insurance
Requirement #1
Name 2 items you are required by law to carry when operating vehicle:
Requirement #1
Top 10 mistakes of new drivers
1. Overconfidence
2. Not buckling up
3. Speeding
4. Rowdy passengers
5. Talking on a cell phone
6. Fiddling with the radio
7. Late-night cruising
8. Drinking & driving
9. Getting into a bad situation
10. Taking risks
Requirement 3C
Method for checking adequate tire tread
how to check
tire pressure
Requirement 3b
Requirement 3a
Automobile Lights & Safety
Requirement 1D
Explain why a driver who is fatigued or distracted should not operate a motor vehicle.
List 5 common distractions.
Explain how driver distractions contribute to traffic accidents.
Tell how to minimize distractions.
Requirement 2B
List 5 safety features found in motor vehicles besides occupant restraint systems.

Traction & Stability Control
Anti-lock Brakes
Safety Belt Tensioners
Head Restraints
Front Air Bags
Side Impact Air Bags

Requirement 4A
Measure with a tape measure the distance that a car will travel during the time needed for a decision and reaction for the following speeds: 30, 50, 70 mph.
Discuss how environmental factors will affect distance.
30 mph
43 feet braking
33 feet reaction
50 mph
119 feet braking
55 feet reaction
70 mph
234 feet braking
77 feet reaction
Requirement 4C
Explain how color and shape are used to help road users recognize and understand information presented on signs. Explain the purpose of different signs, signals and pavement markings
Regulartory Signs:
Typically retangular with black words or pictures on a white background. Stop & Yield exceptions.
Warning Signs:
Typically diamond-shaped and yellow with black words, picture & edge
Guide Signs:
Variable in shape and color.
Other Signs
Service--rectangular; white on blue background

Recreation--rectangluar; white on brown background

Work Zone--diamond-shaped; black on orange background
Requirement 1B
Describe how drugs & alcohol affect the human body & why a person should never drive under the influence. Find the BAC in the state of Texas
Alcohol impairs the following:
multitasking--reduces ability to handle several activities at once.
reaction time--ability to react.
tracking--ability to observe the position of the vehicle with respect to the road.
comprehension--ability to perceive hazards on the road.
attention span
Drugs impair the following:
judging distances
delayed reaction to sights and sounds
lose the ability to think clearly
lose the ability to use motor skills needed to operate a vehicle.
Texas Blood Alcohol Concentration

Requirement 1C
Describe at least 4 factors to be considered in the design of a road or highway. Explain how roadside hazards & road conditions contribute to the occurrence and seriousness of traffic crashes.
4 Factors for Road Design
Roadside Safety Features--including rumble strips, retroreflective signs & markings
Intersection, Lane & Visibility Safety Issue.
Roadside hazards & road conditions play a significant role in occurrence & seriousness of accidents.

Example: hitting a sign can cause more damage or injury to persons.

Example: wet road conditions make operating a vehicle more treacherous.
Fatigue or distracted drivers do not focus all of their attention on what is going on while driving. This may cause slow reaction times, dulled awareness, impaired judgment. This increases the risk of a crash.
5 Most Common Distractions
Mobile phones & other portable devices
Eating & drinking
Reqirement 3D
Demonstrate the smear-and-clear test. Describe instances in good and bad weather when windshield wipers are important to safe driving.
Requirement 4B
Demonstrate the difference in nighttime visibility between persons wearing reflective clothing and those not dressed in reflective clothing.
Requirement 4D
Describe at least 3 examples of traffic laws that apply to drivers of motor vehicles and that bicycles must also obey.
1. Always ride on right side.
2. Obey traffic signs & signals.
3. Obey road markings.
Requirement 5B
Using the internet, visit 5 websites that cover safe driving for teenagers.

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