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Testing background image in THEO 301 (Fa '15) T01 - NRM Overview
Transcript of Testing background image in THEO 301 (Fa '15) T01 - NRM Overview
Sources and Image Credit
Adopted key thoughts from Timothy Miller "Religious Movements in the United States: An Informal Introduction;" accessed August 17, 2015; http://web.archive.org/web/20060827231029/http://religiousmovements.lib.virginia.edu/essays/miller2003.htm.
The First Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees that . . .
no religion will have governmental endorsement
all Americans are free to practice the religions of their choice
Fragment from the
"I Have A Dream" speech
- William Penn founded his colony of Pennsylvania
and offered freedom of religion to all believers
’s success with non-violent activism, King visited Gandhi’s birthplace in India in 1959.
The trip to India affected King in a profound way, deepening his understanding of non-violent resistance and his commitment to America’s struggle for civil rights.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(1869 – 1948)
was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Pioneering the use of non-violent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence for which he is internationally renowned.
King was also said to be influenced by
Henry David Thoreau
King on the cover of Time magazine
on Februay 18, 1957.
In 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy, and other civil rights activists founded the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
The group was created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform.
King, representing SCLC, was among the leaders of the so-called “Big Six” civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
, which took place on August 28, 1963. It was at this event that King gave his electrifying “
I Have A Dream
More than a quarter million people of diverse ethnicities attended the event, at the time, it was the largest gathering of protesters in Washington’s history.
King’s speech electrified the crowd. It is regarded, along with
Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Infamy Speech
, as one of the finest speeches in the history of American oratory.
In the following years, King and the SLCL continued to spread their vision of desegregation all over the USA
with great success.
They weren't always welcome. In the slums of west Chicago, their marches were met by thrown bottles, screaming crowds and near riot circumstances.
King, who received several death threats was hit by a brick during one of these marches but continued to lead-on even in the face of personal danger.
In New York City on April 4, 1967, he delivered
a speech titled “
”. He spoke strongly against the U.S.’s role in the war, insisting that the U.S. was in Vietnam “to occupy it as an American colony” and calling the U.S. government “the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today”.
On April 4, 1968, King was assassinated
by escaped convict James Earl Ray, who was
arrested two months later and received life
gave a short speech to the gathering of supporters informing them of the tragedy and urging them to continue King’s ideal of non-violence. He was assassinated two months later.
Coretta Scott King
at the funeral
Lyndon B. Johnson
declared April 7 a national day of mourning for the civil rights leader.
At the White House Rose Garden on November 2, 1983,
President Ronald Reagan
signed a bill creating a federal holiday to honor King. Observed for the first time on January 20, 1986, it is called
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
On January 17, 2000, for the first time, Martin Luther
King Jr. Day was officially observed in all fifty U.S. states.
"I Have A Dream" speech
signing the bill
In the same year, King wrote
The Measure of A Man
, from which the piece
What is Man?
, an attempt to sketch the optimal political, social, and economic structure of society, is derived.
The Measure of a Man
"Beyond Vietnam" speech
Centuries of Religious Movements
- immigration laws changed
Increase in New Religions after 1965
- term New Religious Movements
(NRMs) is a bit misleading
- NRMs have been with us for a long time
- were Anglicans who
took issue with some
practices of their
- a movement that broke away from the Church
- Puritans were so offended by the thought and
actions that for a time it was a capital crime in
Massachusetts simply to be a Quaker
- Mennonites, Moravians, and the Amish began to
Colony of Pennsylvania
- Freedom and toleration slowly but surely gained a
foothold in the American colonies
- Their movement was based in a critique of what
they regarded as the cold, empty forms of their
Pietists from Germany
- They sought to return to a religion of the heart, a
religion of piety, discipline and community