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Trench Life

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by

Rebecca Chen

on 18 June 2014

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Transcript of Trench Life

Soldiers in a Flooded Trench
Trench Conditions and Weather
Trenches:
Smelly (sometimes also due to the overflow of a latrine)
Muddy
Near places where dead bodies were
Wet
2 meters tall, 2 meters wide
covered with sandbags on the walls
Usually consisted of 3 lines. The front line, support trench, and the reserve trench.
At the beginning of the war, soldiers got:
just over 1 pound of meat
1 pound of bread
8 ounces of vegetables per day
smoked and chewed tobacco a lot
By 1917:
rations were much smaller
Fresh meat reduced to 6 ounces of 'bully beef' (corned beef)
soldiers on the front had less meat and vegetables than the British soldiers.
Normal meal: 'Maconochie's meat stew' and hard biscuits.
Shortage of fruits and vegetables led to dysentery
Daily Routine - A Day in a Trench
WWI fought: 1914-1918
Fighting locations: Western Front (France) & Eastern Front (Russia)
Western Front: fought in trenches
WWI widely utilized trench warfare in a way unseen before
WWI: TRENCH LIFE
Trench Foot
Front Line Boredom
boredom was a common ailment.
Chores to keep them busy
Punished by officers if caught sleeping
Sleep deprivation
Introduction
How did they start trench warfare?
In the Battle of the Marne in 1914 the allied forces had pushed Germany back
Germany did not want to lose more ground, so they began digging into the ground to create a line of defense
In response, the allies dug their own trenches to protect themselves, as they could not break through the German lines
the land between the two sides became known as No Man's Land
Trench Warfare resulted in a stalemate, also becoming a major feature of war on the Western Front
Food in the Trenches– and Rats
Trench Warfare
Connection to AQWF and Erich Maria Remarque
Thanks for Watching!
Surprising Trench Life Facts
5am: Stand-to. (Short for Stand-to-Arms)
5:30am: Rum Ration.
6am: Stand-to.
7am: Breakfast.
8am: Clean and tidy themselves, weapons and trench.
Noon: Lunch.
After Lunch: Sleep and downtime.
5pm: Dinner.
6pm: Stand-to
6:30pm: Stand-down half an hour after dusk.
6:30pm onwards: Work all night with some time to rest. (Patrols, digging trenches, putting up barbed wire)

Weather:
Soldiers died from exposure of the cold
Below 0 in the winter
Frostbite
Heavy rain --> Trench foot
Weaponry
"jam pots"—homemade grenades
machine guns
barbed wire
Gas attacks
chlorine
phosgene gas
mustard gas
Tunnels
miners dug underground tunnels & placed mines
destroyed parts of enemy trenches
A disease where fungi grows on the skin of nerve-damaged feet
Hastily dug trenches were subject to flooding
Immobility of soldiers
Long hours in mud. Poor, mostly non-waterproof boots.
74,000 cases of Trench Foot in WW1
Erich Maria Remarque was called the "recording angel of the Great War"
He is part of the lost generation
His mother died of cancer
Drafted into the German army in 1916
No romanticism or positivity in All Quiet.
he understood the physical and mental stress of a soldier
feeling of separation from civilian population
Also experienced poor leadership from higher ranking officers
men made pets out of the trench animals with the exception of rats
rats would nibble at the soldiers if they were sleeping or wounded
the rats were often the size of small cats!
Works Cited:

"Life on the Front Line." BBC News. BBC, 01 Oct. 2014. Web. 15 June 2014.

"Front Line: Life in the Trenches of WWI." Front Line: Routine. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 June 2014.

"All Quiet on the Western Front By Erich Maria Remarque Erich Maria Remarque Biography." Erich Maria Remarque Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 June 2014.

"The Western Front Association: Furthering Interest in the Great War 1914-18 | Explore | Learn | Share." Trench Diseases. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June 2014.

"WAR CULTURE - TRENCH FOOD." Military History Monthly. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 June 2014.

"LIFE IN THE TRENCHES." LIFE IN THE TRENCHES. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 June 2014.

"The Long, Long Trail." In the Trenches of 1914-1918. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 June 2014.

Pictures:
(All pictures from BBC, except for the image of trench foot)
"Trench Foot: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment." Foot-Pain-Explored.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 June 2014.

"Life on the Front Line." BBC News. BBC, 01 Oct. 2014. Web. 15 June 2014.
An Artistic Rendition of a Typical Trench
Downtime for the Soldiers
Soldiers Eating in the Trench
Soldiers Firing at the Enemy
The Famous Stew Eaten by British Soldiers
A soldier's feet
Snipers
camouflage
telescopic sights on rifles
shot the enemy in the head
Raiding
capture prisoners to gain information
barrages destroy barbed wire
infantry moved in on offensive
Full transcript