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Great Empires of the World: Big Picture Africa


Mark Wiegreffe

on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of Great Empires of the World: Big Picture Africa

Great Empires of the World: Big Picture Africa
Works Cited (MLA)
1. "World Heritage List." UNESCO. © UNESCO World Heritage Centre, n.d. Web. 30 Aug. 2013. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list>.
C'mon down to Swahili and see the magnificent architecture of the age-like the Great Mosque: filled and bedecked with beautiful Chinese Porcelain, and roofed with vaults and domes! In Arabic, Swahili means, "of the coast" because Swahili was literally established on the coast of E. Africa. Not only are the Arabic credited with developing the illimitable, vast markets, they are also credited with the start of Islamic Empires along the coast of Africa! If Swahili wouldn't have been established, much of the African E. coast would've remained undeveloped & unprosperous! The economy of Swahili was mostly made up of trade because of its admirable
location along the E. coast of Africa. For two centuries, Swahili was ruled by the Shirazi dynasty. Socially, the people of Swahili had their own language called, "Swahili language"; the language was a result of the mix of Arabic with the Bantu language.
Swahili Arabic carved into a wooden door.
To begin with, the city of Axum was simply a plot of dirt along the Red Sea. The reason for Axum's success mainly has to do with its fine position. The African, Mediterranean, and Asian trade routes all promoted the economy of the trade state; Axum was simply on impeccable real-estate. Axum still has a lap of luxury from the trade of everything between precious metals and spices! Make headway down to Axum also to check out the wonderful standing stones built by ancient kings! Once Christian missionaries converted King Ezana, the religion spread like wildfire across all of Axum! Axum's hierarchy of Kings led to the conquering of all neighboring lands, and was a large part in the success of the city-state.
With the Bantu spread all over Central and South Africa, local folk began socially taking up Bantu farming and language. Locals south of the rainforest were wealthy from the gold and other precious metals that they mined, and they built the economy off of this success. Along with mining, the locals also began to specialize in the production of ceramics, and preserving meats with salt. Soon success was brought with trade, and a monarchy was built when King lua Nimi took the throne. Socially, the folks of Kongo weren't Christians until they adopted it from forged ties with rulers. When you come down, don't forget to see the beautiful Kongo River!
The people among the great lakes region of Africa eventually founded what is known as Bunyoro-Kitara. A "fun fact" about Bunyoro-Kitara is how most of the history about it was passed along orally! When the Tutsi and the Maasai came down South to the kingdom as herders or pastorolists (ranchers), they ended up rising to power and formed a hierarchy. Smaller kingdoms such as Buganda and Rwanda grew along with Bunyoro-Kitara and prospered with the kingdom at its height. The economy was so fantastic mainly because it had a valuable resource that is a staple on the dinner table today-salt! C'mon down and don't forget to see beautiful Lake Albert.
Standing stone in present-day Ethiopia
The Kongo river was key to the production of crops for food.
Lake Albert: the reason for the wealth of the empire!
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