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THE ICEBERG THEORY OF DISEASE

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on 24 November 2013

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Transcript of THE ICEBERG THEORY OF DISEASE

THE ICEBERG THEORY OF DISEASE
TIP
(diseased people)
SUBMERGED
(people free of risk factors)
DIAGNOSED DISEASES
UNDIAGNOSED OR WRONGLY DIAGNOSED DISEASES
RISK FACTORS FOR DISEASE
FREE OF RISK FACTORS
DIAGNOSED DISEASES
- may include controlled and uncontrolled diseases

- these are diseases which are easily and commonly identified
diseases

- diseases which are symptomatic
UNDIAGNOSED DISEASES
WRONGLY DIAGNOSED DISEASES
- unidentified cases of disease which are not treated
due to its unknown nature
- an inaccurate assessment of a patient's condition that sometimes lead to wrong treatment
RISK FACTORS FOR DISEASE
- people that fall under this category have a high chance of acquiring a said disease
FREE OF RISK FACTORS
- these are people who have low chances of acquiring
a disease

- people who are considered completely healthy
The Iceberg Theory of Disease is metaphor portraying the idea that clinicians only see a minority of cases of any given disease (tip of the iceberg); for every case that comes to a clinician, there are likely to be many more people with pre-clinical disease in the community (vast submerged part)
hypertensive patients who are given medical attention
people who are not aware that they are hypertensive; patients who are said to be normotensive but are actually hypertensive
people with old age; overweight/obese people; people with unhealthy lifestyle
young people with healthy lifestyle
example: HYPERTENSION
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