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Pairs Research Presentation

Advances in Science and Medicine

Rhea Philip

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Pairs Research Presentation

in the 1920's Advancement in Medicine & Science Penicillin- 1928 A chance discovery by Alexander Fleming in 1928
Before anti-biotics- people suffered with dangerous bacteria with no cure.
Bacteria doubles every 20 min and thus can create epidemics. Through Medicine Insulin - 1921 Many people died from diabetes in the 20th century
Canadian Surgeon Fredrick Banting wanted to find treatment
Banting along with Charles Best experimented Found solution from pancreatic extracts
James Collip joined and made it humanely usable
The treatment saved many people that were sentenced to die
Saved George Minot who later treated pernicious anemia "Wonder Drug" -treats open cuts & spreading bacteria
Life expectancy from 40 to 78 years
Fleming & partner discovered bacteria-gas gangrene relationship Anti-biotics used to treat bacteria from destroying immune system
1921-saw the dissolving effect nasal mucus had on bacteria
1928- discovery of penicillin Even though discovery in late 1920’s there was no immediate effect
Florey and Chain succeeded in producing 500X more than Fleming.
1940-penicillin was clinically available to all American pharmaceutical companies increased in number &efficient production of penicillin Hybrid Crops Hybrid- combination crops of 2 different varieties
Such breeding called "crossing" in general
Variety chosen- specific trait helps in the future of plants
Ex. cross breeding of a resistance capacity and a large growth capacity Posses similar qualities - blackberry and rasberry
1922- biggest & widely known crop= CORN (hybrid)
most profitable crop to produce Mostly in Central America- superpower- adopted various methods from neighbouring countries Through Science Farming & The Agricultural Marketing Act Farming conditions were booming in early 1920's
No competition from european farmers-recovering from WWI
Marketing act (June 15th,1929)-forming cooperative organizations for farmers
Aiding farmers with ideas and resources Making farming equal to other marketing businesses
Goal-to make big, centralized marketing for each commodity
Hoped the size would increase efficiency & income
Did not succeed Later on contributed to the farming market
Edited to be of more help to farmers
After edited became "Agricultural Adjustment Act"
Edited act raised farmers' income by 50% Thesis Questions 1. Do you believe that Gatsby made all his money by investing in the pharmaceutical business? Give historical reasoning. During the 1920’s, there were many new discoveries and developments that affected North America, presented many controversies and led to the rise and innovation in North America. 2. In real-time, which of the above topics would Gatsby most likely to be involved in? Why? 3. What do you think would have happened to our current century if the above advances in science were not invented? Works Cited Sherman, Wendy R., and Trish Yourst Koontz. "Medicine & Health." The Power of Penicillin. Westport: 2004.

Neushul, Peter. "Fleming Discovers Penicillin in Molds." Great Events from History: The Twentieth Century, 1901-1940. Ed. Robert F. Gorman. 6 vols. Salem Press, 2007. Salem History Web. 19 Nov. 2012.

Elder, Eric. "Agricultural Marketing Act." Great Events from History: The Twentieth Century, 1901-1940. Ed. Robert F. Gorman. 6 vols. Salem Press, 2007. Salem History Web. 19 Nov. 2012.

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