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"Be the Expert" - From Theory to Practice

Creating a healthy/safe environment for infants/ Quality of care

Elizabeth Bryant

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of "Be the Expert" - From Theory to Practice

v CREATING A HEALTHY/ SAFE ENVIRONMENT FOR INFANTS WITH QUALITY OF CARE WHY IS THE ENVIRONMENT IMPORTANT FOR CHILDREN'S LEARNING? Environment affects our moods, ability to form relationships, effectiveness in work or play- even our health Brain Development three two one Time Experiences Limits Improves OR Limited By Supported By OR Surroundings Use Poorly Use Effectively OR Behavioral Issues Reduces Provides Children with: -Choices -Private retreats and activities that assist in managing emotions Prerequisites for Establishing a Rich Environment KEY THINGS A
TEACHER MUST BE AWARE OF : Child development and
developmentally appropriate practices forms the basis for planning and
developing curriculum and environment individual children's developmental
level and interests meaningful to each child can be determined through informal assessment techniques (observation, child interviews, discussions) Children's
cultural background,
Curriculum standards and early
guidelines Personal and
Program's Philosophy creates lens through
which we view
the world, families, children,
and the classroom EIGHT
for Quality
Infant Environments SAFETY In a safe environment: ~Children move about freely and explore WITHOUT the caregiver worrying about the children getting hurt Safe Environments Have: Developmentally appropriate equipment made of non-toxic materials Non-slip floors Stable shelves, objects and fixtures with rounded corners Steps to use in order to reach the changing table HEALTH Must protect children and adults from infection and illness Separate the diapering & toileting areas from food prep and feeding areas Keep all areas clean at all times Have sufficient plumbing to allow for regular hand washing Make sure surfaces are easy to clean and suitable Efficient air exchange system & screened, openable windows COMFORT Comfortable Environment -a calming atmosphere and allows both infants and caregivers to function without stress Try soft & natural colors Use natural light, lamps,
and full-spectrum lights Have a steady flow of fresh air Acoustical tiles & rugs with
pads help absorb noise Soft cushions, pillows, &
back supporters CONVENIENCE Infants and adults can easily see, find, and access materials Materials should be grouped together logically Feeding, Washing, & Toileting Areas Must be clean, bright & convenient Should be scaled to minimize picking up, bending over & reaching Storage & Shelves Entrance & Parent Communication Area CHILD-SIZE SPACE Designed to fit infants Reach what they want, climb up,
& explore what interests them Avoid Swings
and Walkers! FLEXIBILITY Use equipment that is easy to move Use adjustable equipment Store a variety of materials in
a convenient place Combine activity areas to maximize
space MOVEMENT Encourage infants to move freely and explore with: Open Pathways for Crawling Low Steps to Climb Surfaces with a Variety of Textures CHOICE Choices support development Especially important with Rest & Sleeping Areas Considerations for the Architect Involve teachers, parents, and children in the design process, and allow enough time for the design process. Licensing Standards
do not always
support the
developmental needs
of the children. -make decisions
based on what
nurtures the child
and his development Doors: Keep to a minimum. Windows: Natural light is excellent but too much creates harsh environment Ceiling Surfaces: Pay attention to acoustics. Quiet Environment
=encourages calm
behavior and focused play Loud Environment
=hinders development
and increases stress Floor Surfaces: Consider material, color,
cleaning, sound absorption,
& visual effect Long-term flexibility is key.
Mobile storage is preferable. Follow the children's ADA standards
rather than the adult's. Creating Environments for Learning: Pg. 46 FIGURE 2.4: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT:
The emotionally supportive, equitable environment Creating Environments for Learning: Pg.94 Sample Room Arrangement
A Quick Guide to Room Planning Infants: Bullard , J. (2010). Creating environments for learning. Columbus, Ohio: Merrill. (2008). Infant and toddler spaces. Retrieved from http://www.communityplaythings.com/resources/articles/RoomPlanning/Spaces/InfantToddlerSpaces.pdf Puckett, M. B., Black, J. K., Wittmer, D. S., & Petersen, S. H. (2005). The young child: development from prebirth through age eight. (5th ed.). New Jersey: pearson. Questions? http://www.communityplaythings.com/index.html REVIEW Environment is Important because it: Effects our mood and health
Effects brain development
Reduces behavioral problems Prerequisites Teachers must be aware of: Child development and DAP
Individual children's developmental
level & interests
Children's cultural backgrounds
Curriculum standards & early learning
Personal and program's philosophy Eight Considerations for a Quality Infant Environment Safety
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