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Persepolis IOP

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Alex Elatova

on 10 December 2015

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Transcript of Persepolis IOP

Alexandra Elatova
Pg. 3

On the first panel of the story, we are able to see the contrast and concept of the black and white used in freedom vs. restraint

The black in the image is the veil and it symbolized how Marji (as well as the other girls in panels afterwards) are restrained by having to wear the veil with no choice.
Black in this image means how they don't have their own choices to make.
Freedom vs. Limitation and Restraint
Pg. 6
Peace Vs. War (Violence)
Traditionalism Vs. Modernism
Pg. 93
Youth vs. Aging
It's just some colors
It's a black and white subject we're dealing with here.. literally.

In the world of symbolic meanings, these two simple colors can also represent and symbolize a variety of different aspects.
Black is authoritative and powerful; because black can evoke strong emotions too much can be overwhelming.
Black usually means darkness and if often associated with depression. What do people wear at funerals? Black.
White projects purity, cleanliness, and neutrality
Doctors wear white coats, brides traditionally were white gowns and a white picket fence surrounds a safe and happy home.

How the color white affects us mentally and physically
* aids mental clarity
* encourages us to clear clutter or obstacles
* evokes purification of thoughts or actions
* enables fresh beginnings
Now onto that main point...
Black and white
The graphic novel, Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi, utilizes a numerous assortment of ideas pertaining to opposing forces in order to show balances that can be demonstrated through the concepts of black and white and the use of these colors portrayed in the images of the novel.
So what? Well....
Well... there are a variatey of answers that can pertain to the question of 'so what?'

Let's go back to the blacks and the whites.

The blacks and the whites in the story can be interpreted and symbolize the blacks and whites in real life.
No, I'm not talking about the literal shades of black and white that we see, I'm talking about ...

- The negative and positive emotions evoked within people
-Bright (outgoing) vs. Hiding something (darkness)
-Hope (moonlights in the black skies)
Okay.... What Else...?
Well here are some aspects that might be more significant and relatable to people today.

-Heaven and Hell
-Good vs. Evil (morals)
-Truths vs. Lies
-Politics (communism, democracies)
-Religious Beliefs
-Youth vs. Older Generations
-Peace vs. War
-Men vs. Woman
-Social Classes

Familiar with these? These are aspects that EVERYONE deals with in their own lives. Obviously, we are able to see how significant these things are.
Where would we be without the blacks and the whites?
Nowhere. That's just it.

These conflicting ideas demonstrated in the graphic novel are aspects that make up not only the plot of this story, but real life as well.

Persepolis demonstrates opposing forces which help maintain balance and conflicts are, in this situation, shown through the use of black and white and can be related back to the symbolism and meaning behind these two colors.
(All of these concepts are significant to the plot of the story, development of the characters, and the aspects of real life as well.)
Pg. 43
In this image, we see the contrast in black and white stand out in the boarder that is presented around this panel.
Marji's dad says, "Let's enjoy our new freedom."

-The background is white, but the boarder surrounding it is a black devil figure.
This gives the idea that even
though freedom may seem to
be eminent here, they are still
surrounded by "the devil",
meaning that there is still that restraint and confinement around them.
Pg. 63
In this scene, one of Marji's friends is going away to America.

-The images on this page are mostly all dark and gloomy (especially the last panel)

Yes, the dark color used on this page may be representing Marji's sadness for losing her friend, but the page is about him leaving to America, whereas Marji is confined to her home in Iran.

America- often associated with freedom
Marji is very religious
-She sees herself as being the next prophet

-Marji perceives herself in this panel as someone of high power and purity
- Notice the beams of WHITE coming out of her face

These panels, talking about religion are all bright and have lights and detailed backgrounds (1st panel)
Pg. 70-71
Pg. 142
Pg 5
Pg. 101
This is right after Marji's uncle Anoosh dies.
-She gets a visit from God and starts yelling at Him and telling Him to go away.

Here, Marji is lost in her beliefs, she doesn't really know what to believe anymore.
(Notice how these panels are black and the second page just has Marji floating in blackness, representing her feeling lost and questioning her beliefs).
This is the scene where Marji's maid talks about how her son was sent away with others to become soldiers.

In the first panel here, the "kids" are all coming dressed in all white, then in the next panels, when they are trained for battle and war, you see that they are covered in black
Here is where white represents peace and black represents violence and this shows how the boys were transformed into becoming more violent.
This panel is the last of the chapter where Marji sees Baba Leva's house bombed and destroyed and when she notices the bracelet let in the ruins.
Obviously, this is all during time of the war and violence, which is what the black represent here.
It also represent Marji's feelings after finding the destroyed out. This is the only panel that consists of ALL black, so we can see how powerful violence and war can really be... how it drains the peace and security (white) out of people's lives.
And what can we conclude about the book?
These opposite shown with black vs. white demonstrate how things come together as a whole and how aspects like these have to balance out.
There are different situations where one color overpowers the other, which is how things really are. There is always one force in situations that can be more dominant than the other.
Conflicting Ideas emphasize characteristics also:
-Meaning how these ideas bring out the characters true personalities

i.e. Modernism vs tradition: Emphasizes that Marji urges to be more modern

Youth- shows how Marji's character develops over time
-One side is the traditional side
(wearing the veil, following tradition)

-The other side is wanting to be more modern and free to wear whatever they want, not following the traditions

Modernism is portrayed in white, whereas traditionalism is portrayed in black.
Pg. 126

Marji is asking her parents to bring back posters of bands and other modern objects.

This entire page, as well as most of the rest of the chapter, has white backgrounds.
This shows how they are a traditional family (all of them dressed in black), who are being surrounded by this new modern era emerging upon them.

Notice how all of the adults are dressed in black and talking about serious things

-The children are the only ones wearing white … and they are talking about farts.
In this case, black represent maturity and growing up, learning new things, etc.

White represent the innocence of children… how they have no worries and they are more pure than the adults.
Pg. 149
This is right after Marji’s parents tell her they are sending her away to Austria.
In the previous pages, Marji was wearing white, and then all of a sudden, she is wearing black

-Symbolizes a turning point in her life, where she isn’t a little kid any more.

-Now that she is growing up, her childhood and innocence are fading away, which is shown in her progression of colors in her wardrobe in this chapter.
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