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Adolescent Culture

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for EDU/566: Adolescent Psychology, Sunshine Light, June 26, 2011
by

Lori Wilhelm

on 26 June 2011

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Transcript of Adolescent Culture

Over 90% of US teens have used the Web, where they can find materials that are violent, destructive, and sexually explicit. Research shows that the media is largely reponsible for a girl's desire to be thin. Adolescents learn more about sex from peers and the media than from their parents or teachers. Premarital sexual behavior can be affected by race & ethnicity, parental relationships, peer standards, educational expectations, and SES. Youth of low socioeconomic status (SES) tend to have less stable families, are less likely to be raised by two biological parents, and less likely to have parental supervision after school. "The media make (youth of low SES families) constantly aware of their own abject status and 'failure,' often resulting in bitterness, embarrassed withdrawal and isolation, and social deviation and rebellion." (Dolgin & Rice, 2008) Adolescents from minority groups share a history of discrimination, are more likely to live in poverty, and often face neighborhood and school violence, drug and alcohol abuse, low academic achievement, delinquency, and higher rates of teen pregnancy. Native Americans have the lowest standard of living among minority groups. They are more likely to experience alcoholism and have a higher suicide rate than Whites. African Americans continue to live in segregated neighborhoods and achieve lower levels of education, employment and income. Hispanic Americans struggle in school because English is not spoken in the home. They are less likely to graduate and find a good job. Hispanic Americans experience a high poverty rate. Asian Americans tend to maintain stable families and their incomes reflect their drive for academic achievement. Most adolscents are not happy with their bodies, which affects self-esteem. Off-time maturation can negatively affect an adolescent's psychological and behavioral adjustment. Adolescent girls have lower self-esteem than boys. Adolescents from lower SES families have lower self-esteem. An integrated ethnic identity is associated with higher self-esteem. "The family is probably the single most important influence in an adolescent's life."
(Dolgin & Rice, 2008) Parents who are flexible, adaptable, and tolerant in their ideas and behavior create functional families. Child abuse leads to depression, violence, drug use, and eating disorders. When students reach middle school, they are less engaged and achievement decreases. Factors that contribute to dropping out of school include SES, racial and ethnic descrimination, family problems, emotional problems, negative social adjustments and peer associations, student alienation, and pregnancy. Whites are more likely to use drugs than minorities, and boys more likely than girls. 75% of high school seniors admit they have had an alcoholic beverage. 25% smoke cigarettes. Cultural norms, parents behavior, peers' behavior, and their own personalities all affect adolescent drinking. FAMILY
PEERS
SELF Adolescent Culture Presentation References
Dolgin, K.G. & Rice, F.P. (2008). The adolescent: development, relationships, and culture (12th ed). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
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