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DOS Presentation: Medical Technology
Transcript of DOS Presentation: Medical Technology
“Medical technology is any intervention that may be used for safe and effective prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of illness and disease. This includes the pharmaceuticals, devices, procedures and organizational systems used in health care."
-World Health Organization
Management of chronic conditions
Prevention and earlier detection of diseases
More accurate diagnoses
Quicker and less invasive procedures
New, more effective and lower risk medications
Information readily available regarding patient procedures and tests
Continuity in patient information transfers
Benefits of Technology
Challenges of Technology
The ability of health care professionals to adapt to new technology
The willingness of health care professionals to accept new technology
Lack of hospital space and inability to expand to accommodate new technology
Excessive reliance on new technology resulting in loss of core skills
Increase in cost for new and improved technology
$$ Money $$
Cost of Technology
Increased short term costs reduces long term costs.
Insulin therapy as prevention for diabetes complications
Decreases in the new drug developments have likely contributed to the slowed growth in drug spending
Successful drugs developments in 1990s
Medical imaging technology, with its ability to detect more anomalies, has contributed in growth in hospital services
MRI & CT scans doubled between 2003-04 & 2009-10
Ineffective use of innovative technologies and modern management tools
Paper, fax machines etc.. related to privacy concerns
X-Rays & Computerized Topography Scans
Discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895 and still relied on today
X-rays allowed physicians to peer deep into the body without exploratory surgery
Developed from similar technology, CT scans and MRI's were introduced in the 1970s
In 1902, Willem Einthoven used a string galvanometer – the earliest form of an ECG machine - to record the first electrocardiogram.
Still considered one of the most reliable tools for measuring the rate and regularity of heartbeats, detecting defects, damage to the heart, and the effects of drugs or devices used to regulate heart rhythm.
Some of the most important discoveries that revolutionized medicine were not machines, but rather discoveries of how the disease process works in the body
Late 18th century, Louis Pasteur discovered that small amounts of a live virus could be injected into a human to prevent that person from becoming infected with the disease.
Widespread use of the vaccines led to the near-eradication of once-epidemic diseases
In the past, physicians had to directly lay their head on the
The stethoscope became the most informative tool in assessing and diagnosing cardiovascular related conditions
Despite the invention of newer methods, the stethoscope remains the standard in regular physical examinations
Prior to the 1700's, physiologists knew about the presence of high blood pressure in animals but could not measure it in humans
Once an accurate device was created, blood pressure measurement became part of a regular exam
Enabled detection of hypertension and its linkages as a risk factor for chronic diseases
Without anesthesia, surgery was a traumatic experience with low survival rates
Ether was accidentally discovered when a man injured his leg while intoxicated by the gas and said he felt no pain
With adequate pain relief, the field of surgery
expanded and increased survival rates
Artificial Intelligence & Mobile Communication
Development of programs which recognize pattern in order to assist with diagnosis and decision making
Can be used not only as a support for physicians but directly to patients as well
Possible use in impoverished countries lacking primary health care as a complete augmented virtual physician
Research is being conducted on the ability to introduce these programs to mobile devices, similar to apps, and make it accessible to the public
A technology that currently exists, however, is just recently marketable to the general public
Possible use in prosthetic manufacturing for amputee patients
Integration with stem cell research, in hopes of replacing human tissues and in time, organs.
Expanded the field of medicine in general
Furthered research into diseases
Earlier detection & more efficient management
Continues to save the lives of millions of people
Development of Self II