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Emma Cogan

on 9 September 2014

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Transcript of India

Public Debt:
51.8% of GDP
Comparison to the world 63
External Debt:
412.2 billion
Comparison to the world 29
378.9 billion
Trade Prospect
cotton products was main import
cotton cloth woven by Indian weavers
shipped to Britain
sold worldwide
winding raw silk
agricultural products for export
indigo dye
services of substantial merchants and rich bankers
India's Inner Turmoil
Allie Doherty, Emma Cogan, Isabella Frango
Per capita $4,000
Comparison to the world 168

Population below poverty line 29.8
Unemployment rate 8.8
Comparison to the world 98
515.1 billion
503.5 billion
Comparison to the world 9
Commodities and Partners:
crude oil, precious stones, fertizlier, iron and steel, machinery, and chemicals
UAE 7.8%
China 10.7%
USA 5.1%
Switerzland 6.2%
Saudi Arabi 6.8%

317.8 billion
Comparison to the world 19
301.9 billion
Commodities and Partners:
vechiles, apparel, machinery, chemicals, iron and steel, precious stones, petroleum products
UAE 12.3%
USA 12.2%
China 5%
Singapore 4.9%
Hong Kong 4.1%
English is one of the most widely used laguages
Introduced by the British
Hindi is allso considered their primary language
Often debated which is the official language
Generally adherent of Hinduism
810 million followers
Large Muslim population
Ganges River religously diverse because of British colonization and Islam influence
Christianity is also a common religion
This dates back to pre-colonization
Can be split into Northern and Southern India
Northern India has Indo-European ancestry
Northern Indians trace back to remote people of central Asia and Eastern Europe
Southern Indians not as influenced by Indo-Europeans
Southern India's four states each have their own unique languages and culture
Burmese makes up the easternmost part of India
Indo-Aryan makes up a large part of the population
Dravidian make up a significant percent of Indian ethnic groups
Gained independance from UK on August 15th, 1947
Now Republic of India
Federal republic with democratic parliamentary system of government
Central government holds more power than states
Indian Constitution
January 26th, 1950
Based largely on the British Constitution
Disallows the caste system
There is an Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branch to the government
Citizens must be 18 years or older to vote
Britain Colonizes India
Britain Takes Control
trade started
stable and profitable basis
British started intervening in Indian politics
revolutionary changes
Mughal empire disintegrated and there were conflicts within certain states
British started to help
East India Company gained power
Affects on the Indian People
governors of the East India Company became governors of Indian provinces
armies were created
consisted of Indian sepoys but with some British regiments
Company governments- based of the Idian states' govenments
1/3 of crops grown had to be given to the state
British became landlords, judges
suffered from a backwardness
wasn't improving how they'd hoped
higher jobs were taken by the British
the Indian people were seen as inferior to the British in their own country
Indian Independence
made running the empire harder
was no longer cost effective
peasants and tribes resisted and revolted against the British
India resisted British control and moved towards self-government
European capital investment declind
during inter-war period
WWII put demands on British people/government
Labour party supported Indian claims for self-rule
was elected to power in 1945
US foreign policy
pressured the end of western imperialism
gained full independence in 1947
Life after Independence
Environmental Concerns
increased pressure on natural resources
water, forests, etc.
estemated over 70 million cubic meters per year of roundwood
domestic supply would be around 14 million cubic meters
soon will have to rely on imported wood which could cause deforestation somewhere else as well
palm oil
one of the three largest importers of palm oil in the world
causing negative affects in other countries
population size and use of cars
competition for water is causing this
the water is drying up and becoming polluted
causing the habitats of wildlife that live in the water to be destroyed
CO2 Emissions: 1.6 metric tons per capita (2009)
Threatened Species
758 different species (2010)
a natural subcontinent
bordered by China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; Pakistan to the northwest; and Myanmar to the northeast, with Sri Lanka just off the nation's southern tip
coastlines on the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south
almost completely surrounds Bangladesh

"Countries/India Facts and Figures." World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Environmental Problems in India." WWF. WWF Global, n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Kaul, Chandrika, Dr. "From Empire to Independence: The British Raj in India 1858-1947." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
Marshall, Peter, Professor. "The British Presence in India in the 18th Century." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.

"Agricultural Land (% of Land Area)." Data. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"The World Factbook." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.
"World Geography: Understanding a Changing World." India: Country Overview (2014): n. pag. ABC-CLIO. Web. 16 Mar. 2014. <http://worldgeography.abc-clio.com/Topics/Display/85>.

Dawn News." Dawn.com. N.p., 06 June 2010. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Ethnicity and Race by Countries." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
"Facts and Figures." Understanding A Changing World. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Religion." Census of India:. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.

Primary School–age Males Enrolled in Primary School
59,672,747 (2008)
Primary School–age Females Enrolled in Primary School
54,077,546 (2008)

Secondary School–age Males Enrolled in Secondary School
53,257,065 (2007)
Secondary School–age Females Enrolled in Secondary School
42,049,664 (2006)

Enrollment in Tertiary Education, Male
12,444,600 (2010)
Enrollment in Tertiary Education, Female
8,296,140 (2010)

60.5% of India is Arable Land
India's greatest struggle is overpopulation, as many of their pressing issues stem from this- such as poverty, lack of infrastructure, and poor education. Their main source of stability is their abundant natural resources, bringing in the income they do have and need.

Literacy and Education
Literacy rate is 63%
Eight years of school are mandatory, those years fom ages 6 to 14
10 years are spent in school on average per student
Males 11 years on average
Females 10 years on average
Less females in primary, secondary, and tertiary education than males
working in factories
precious stones
Wars and Disputes
Kashmir dispute
Violent religous dispute between Hindu and Muslim populations
Several riots and attacks
Gujarat- Hindu Akshardham temple allegedly attacked by Muslim militants
Ayodhya- Firefight at a religous site claimed by both Muslims and Hindus between militants and police
Earlier attacks at this compound triggered riots
Most violence can be traced back to the Kashmir region
Full transcript