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George Orwell / Animal Farm Prezi

Animal Farm

Chris Mikesell

on 6 June 2013

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Transcript of George Orwell / Animal Farm Prezi

The Author Brief Overview Animal Farm by George Orwell Views and Writing Style Impact of Work Who was George Orwell? journalist
political author English socialist
believed that living in tumultuous revolutionary age greatly affected the subjects of literature India born Eric Arthur Blair: June 25th, 1903 1903-1904 England 1904-1921 Orwell's childhood Burma
(Myanmar) 1922-1927 joined Indian Imperial Police
learned about oppression and control France 1928-1929 (Paris) poverty 1929-1936 (London) poverty
adopts pen name "George Orwell" Spain 1937-1938 fought in Spanish Civil War
opposition to communism and censorship 1939-1950 World War II
BBC and The Observer

opposition to Hitlerism, Nazism, Fascism
rise to fame
died of tuberculosis January 21st, 1950 What and Why Did He Write? child: poems, short stories
love of words, aesthetic aspect: novels, essays, articles
realized political loyalties: political novels, essays, articles made his work easily understandable
wanted to expose lies, draw attention to facts, challenge readers and establishment, fight injustice "..exposing the Soviet myth in a story that could be easily understood." "...directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism..." "...fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole." What Did He Write About? criticism of political philosophies: Soviet socialism, nationalism, totalitarianism, capitalism, imperialism, fascism, Stalinism
social revolution and analysis
censorship, propaganda, nationalism, corruption of language How Did He Write? plain, colloquial language; for the common man
mockery, satire, wit, cynicism, sardonic humor, exaggeration, morality
importance to prose style, arrangement of words Who Influenced His Writing? followed past rather than modern authors During his time Language Politics Inspiration Characters Humans Pigs Horses Other Animals Mr. Jones original owner of Animal Farm (Manor Farm)
represents Tsar Nicholas II
neglects his animals Mr. Pilkington owns neighboring Foxwood Farm
represents American President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill
(Foxwood Farm) large, neglected, old-fashioned
has no respect for animals
tries being friendly with Animal Farm
compliments Napoleon for treating its animals badly Mr. Frederick owns neighboring Pinchfield Farm
represents German Führer Adolf Hitler
(Pinchfield Farm) small, well-kept
always involved in lawsuits
drives hard bargains
abuses his animals
betrays Napoleon
attacks Animal Farm Mr. Whymper intermediary between Animal Farm and outside world
represents capitalists who did business with Soviets
has sideburns
helps Animal Farm
believes what Napoleon tells him (main character) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary character) Napoleon becomes leader of Animal Farm
represents Soviet Dictator Joseph Stalin
Berkshire Boar
doesn't talk much but always gets his way
uses sheep for support/propaganda
trains dogs to be his bodyguards
rarely seen, never seen doing work
makes others refer to him as "Leader"; always attended by dogs and coquerel who announces his arrival; has speeches, banners, poems and processions in his honor controlling
spoiled Charles Dickens H. G. Wells William Morris Yevgeny Zamyatin's "We" Snowball one of the leaders of the Rebellion, is run off by Napoleon
represents Leon Trotsky
not very deep character
not sentimental
very inventive
good speaker
fights bravely in battles
conceives Windmill plans to make life easier for the animals
"sabotages" farm and "hurts" animals after exile (lies made by Napoleon) Squealer Napoleon's communicator
represents the Pravda/Soviet media
round cheeks
twinkling eyes
nimble movements
shrill voice
very persuasive
obedient (to Napoleon)
speaks very well, convincingly
reads out made-up figures to convince animals
spreads Napoleon's lies to the animals Minimus Napoleon's composer/writer
represents media/public relations tactics
composes songs, poems in Napoleon's honor Old Major conceived idea of Rebellion
represents Karl Marx/Vladimir Lenin
prize Middle White boar
gives animals hope of Rebellion by telling them of prophetical dream Boxer represents working class
white stripe on nose
very strong
deteriorating muscles (end)
wants to learn
grieves for a man he thinks he killed
puts effort into learning the alphabet
tries to fight injustice, doesn't have the intelligence
believes that Napoleon is always right
works himself to sickness
never gives up
inspires and encourages others
blames himself when things go wrong good-hearted
obedient Clover represents working class
motherly mare
tries to fight injustice, doesn't have intelligence
treats Boxer when sick
inspires, encourages and cares for others Mollie represents Russian bourgeoisie
selfish makes excuses not to work
only learns the letters that spell her name
doesn't fight in battles
only wants sugar, ribbons, treats, etc.
leaves farm to be pampered by humans Dogs Jones'/Napoleon's guards
represents NKVD
threaten/kill other animals for pigs
protect pigs Geese Chickens Ducks represent peasant farmers
try to lead rebellion against Napoleon but fail
"confess" to crimes, are killed Pigeons messengers for Animal Farm
represent Communist International
send information of Rebellion to other farms
send Napoleon's threatening/friendly messages to Pilkington or Frederick Muriel represents minority of educated working class
helps Clover read the Commandments (goat) Benjamin (donkey) represents educated/wise/cynics
rarely talks, never laughs
not friendly except with Boxer
completely unaffected by the Rebellion
withholds helpful information
helps Boxer when sick, tries to save him when taken away intelligent
morose Cat represents Intelligentsia
never appears at important moments, only arrives during mealtimes and breaks Moses (raven) represents Russian Orthodox Church
disappears after the Rebellion but returns later on
tells animals lies of "Sugar Candy Mountain"
does no work Rats
Rabbits wild animals
represent thieves/ criminals Sheep Napoleon's propaganda medium
represent general masses/youth organizations
easily manipulated
sing Animalism songs at specific crucial times (as instructed by Squealer)
some "confessed" to crimes and were killed (main character) (main character) (main character) (main character) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary characters) (secondary characters) (secondary characters) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary character) (secondary characters) (secondary characters) varied opinions
some disliked the themes and views he wrote about
Animal Farm was rejected for fear of criticizing Britain's ally at the time
some saw his work as intelligent, even prophetic
opened people's eyes to the true nature of the Soviet regime
some saw it as anti-religious After His Time created words added to the English language and phrases commonly known even today
four legs good, two legs bad
all animals are created equal, but some animals are more equal than others
He who controls the past controls the future. He who controls the present controls the past.
War is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength.
relating to a work of George Orwell
describing an unpleasant example of repression or manipulation
describing a situation, idea, or aspect of society that is destructive to the development of an open and free society, as identified by George Orwell
first recorded use of "Cold War" found in an article by Orwell (Oxford English Dictionary) "...on the one side, Orwell the propagandist, who could abuse language in the service of what he saw as the truth. On the other side is the Orwell who constructed a plain-man persona that could speak in the purest English prose of the twentieth century. Common sense for the common man. No one has ever done it as well." John Rodden
author of "George Orwell, the Politics of Literary Reputation" and "George Orwell: Scenes from an Afterlife" "Many of his stories and phrases have embedded themselves in the English language and the consciousness of its users, even of those who have never actually read his work." Douglas Kerr
Professor in the School of English at the University of Hong Kong numerous film adaptations of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four exemplar of political writing, inspired many other authors still today, gives insight into politics (especially totalitarianism)
shows the importance of political writing and exposing the truth to the common person
shows the importance of language and the dangers of its impact "...of the twentieth century: the three great questions were Empire, Fascism, or Nazism if you prefer-National Socialism-and Stalinism. And he was the only writer who got these three great questions of principle right." Christopher Hitchens
columnist for "The Nation" and author of "Orwell's Victory" "...his genius made him a spokesman and a symbol in the great ideological contentions of modern times, and after his death he was considered not only an important writer, but also a particular embodiment of the character of his country." Douglas Kerr
Professor at the School of English at the University of Hong Kong "...without Orwell, this would be a country with worse political writing and argument. Because of that, Orwell is not just a great writer; he is one of the great political reformers of the country." Andrew Marr
British journalist and political commentator Time Period Mr. Jones
cruel owner
neglects his animals Animalism:
from Old Major
developed by pigs
equality to all animals The Rebellion
animals chase Jones off the farm
take control of the farm
change name from "Manor Farm" to "Animal Farm" Moses leaves after the Rebellion Battle of the Cowshed
Mr. Jones tries to take back the farm The Windmill Debate
Snowball wants to build a windmill to help the animals with their work
Napoleon wants to focus on getting more food
argued over everything Snowball's Expulsion
Napoleon runs Snowball off the farm
accuses Snowball of crimes against the farm Construction of the Windmill
Napoleon uses Snowball's plans to begin building of Windmill Censorship
pigs alter information about Snowball to make him look bad
animals have a hard time figuring out what is true about him Low production or bad fields are blamed on Snowball Productivity Demands
Napoleon demands certain amount of productivity from the animals
controls their rations accordingly Napoleon demands and "inspires" the animals to work hard to better the farm Hens break eggs to resist production quotas Napoleon has demanded Napoleon abandons Old Major's dreams, ideals and rules to make a farm system completely under his control Censorship (Humans)
Napoleon makes food bins look full/makes animals talk about how much food they have when Mr. Whymper comes
wants humans to believe they are thriving Confessions and Killings
Napoleon hears "confessions" from the animals
has them killed by dogs for working with Snowball or for other crimes against the farm Selling of Timber
Napoleon is unsure if he should sell his timber to:
Pilkington Selling of Timber to Frederick
Napoleon sells timber to Frederick
anti-Frederick slogans are abolished Tsar Nicholas II
cruel ruler
absolute autocrat
keeps majority of the population at peasantry level Communism
from Karl Marx
all property owned by the state Russian Revolution (1917)
overthrow of the Tsar
along with other republics, becomes U.S.S.R. Russian Orthodox Church seen as counter-revolutionary and abolished at the beginning of the revolution Russian Civil War
Tsar and anti-communists (Whites) try to take back control from Soviets (Reds) The Industrialization Debate
Trotsky wants to work on creating Socialism in other, more-advanced countries
Stalin wants to focus on "Socialism in one country" Trotsky's Expulsion
Trotsky, Zinoniev and Kamenev expulsed from the Party for creating an anti-Stalin faction
Trotsky officially banished from Soviet Union in 1929 First FIve-Year Plan
Stalin uses Trotsky's economic policies without having to give him political favor Censorship
Stalin's government creates false and few documents about Trotsky
still hard to find credible information about him Under-fulfilled production targets blamed on Trostky, foreign powers and industrial saboteurs Comparing Orwell's Animal Farm to Stalin's Soviet Union Productivity Demands
collective farmers/other Soviet citizens forced to meet the Party's quotas
state controls the prices for which they can sell their goods Everyone is given a quota that must be reached (often unrealizable) and is inspired or forced, by propaganda or by violence, to attain certain goals Farmers ruin crops and kill livestock to resist Collectivization Stalin abandons Lenin's original idea of "Compromise with capitalism" to work on his authoritarian version of "Socialism in one country" Censorship (International)
military cordon is set up to prevent the news of mass starvation and massacres of spreading to the World Great Purge/Great Terror (1936-1938)
trials are staged to have once-respected Party members and other members of Soviet society "confess" to crimes
crimes: maintaining links with Trotsky, assassination plans and industrial sabotage, etc.
they are killed by the NKVD Wartime Alliance
Stalin is unsure if he should form an alliance with:
Britain and France (unsure if they were to aid the Soviets during a german attack)
Germany (to prevent an attack) Nazi-Soviet Treaty of Non-Aggression (1939)
U.S.S.R. allies with Germany
plays down anti-Nazi propaganda Battle of the Windmill
Napoleon discovers that banknotes from Frederick are forgeries
Frederick and men attack Animal Farm, wound and kill many, destroy Windmill
animals fight back, men retreat During attack, Napoleon tries to ally with Pilkington and ask for help Moses is accepted onto the farm after the battle Napoleon
celebrated by animals
poems and songs are written in his honor
processions are organized in his name
referred to as "Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon", "Father of all Animals", "Terror of Mankind", etc. Napoleon and pigs meet and dine with Pilkington and his men Frederick
cruel farmer
flogs an old horse to death
starves his cows
drowns a dog Hitler
cruel leader
Holocaust Barbarossa (June 22nd, 1941)
Hitler attacks U.S.S.R., greatly damages it
Germans finally retreat because ill-equipped for the cold weather Stalin tries "delicate diplomatic maneuvers" to ally with Britain and U.S. Russian Orthodox Church is restored favor because of its patriotic efforts during the German invasion, want to give population "hope" so they will work harder Stalin
referred to as "Father of the Peoples", "The Captain of Industry", "The Closest Comrade-in-Arms of Lenin", "The Great Educator", "The Mighty Leader", "Shining Sun", etc. Stalin meets with British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and American President, Theodore Roosevelt, after World War II Conflicts Man vs. Man Animals vs. Humans humans cause animals suffering, hunger, overwork
impact: reason for the Rebellion
affects: all animals and humans
positive: pushes animals to fight for their rights
negative: animals are mistreated Animals vs. Humans Rebellion, animals attack humans Snowball vs. Napoleon the 2 pig leaders are constantly disagreeing and arguing
impact: causes problems concerning decisions for welfare of farm, violent debates and separates animals into factions
affects: all animals
positive: gives animals choices
negative: causes tension between Napoleon and Snowball, and factions of animals Pilkington vs. Frederick the 2 farmers dislike each other and always disagree Napoleon, Dogs vs. Snowball, Animals dogs, under Napoleon's orders, chase Snowball of the farm and guard Napoleon Humans vs. Animals humans hate Animal Farm and hope for their demise Napoleon, Animals vs. Snowball Napoleon accuses Snowball of destroying windmill
impact: animals hate Snowball even more
affects: all animals
positive: Napoleon gains support
negative: animals lose even more respect for Snowball and are manipulated by Napoleon Humans vs. Animals humans invent lies about Animal Farm
tell others that there is famine, disease, fighting, cannibalism and infanticide Napoleon, Dogs vs. Animals dogs, under Napoleon's orders, kill animals who "confess" to crimes
impact: Napoleon has full control over animals, animals become fearful and doubt each other
affects: all animals
positive: Napoleon asserts his power
negative: innocent animals are killed, animals are fearful and doubtful of others Animals vs. Frederick animals learn about Frederick's cruelties, fear and hate him Napoleon, Animals vs. Frederick Napoleon discovers Frederick's forged banknotes
Frederick attacks, destroys windmill, flees Boxer, Animals vs. "Humans" (Pigs) Boxer is sick and taken away by "veterinarian"
animals read van as "Horse Slaughterer", try to save him
Squealer explains Boxer was safe, it was a misunderstanding Animals vs. Napoleon, Pigs animals have poor quality of life: cold, hungry, uncomfortable, laborious, unclean
cannot compare life to anything, only Squealer's figures
impact: animals are living poorly yet don't realize it
affects: all animals
positive: pigs live comfortably and with power
negative: animals don't live well, but cannot fight against it Animals vs. Pigs pigs walk on hind legs, wear human clothes, carry whips
animals are afraid Pigs vs. Humans at dinner, pigs and humans quarrel Man vs. Nature Animals vs. Climate January cold, bad fields
impact: animals work harder, get less food
affects: all animals
negative: makes life worse for animals Animals vs. Climate clear/dry weather, low food stores for winter, raging south-west winds, gale breaks roofs and windmill
impact: animals work harder, get less food, windmill is destroyed
affects: all animals
negative: makes life worse for animals, have to rebuild windmill Animals vs. Climate bitter winter, stormy weather, sleet, snow, hard frost, cold
impact: work is unbearable for animals, food shortage
affects: all animals
negative: makes life worse for animals Man vs. Himself Animals vs. Themselves animals try to remember initial ideals of the Rebellion, after Napoleon declares he will be trading with humans
impact: animals are uneasy with leader's activities, Squealer must work hard to persuade them
positive: animals almost realize injustice
negative: animals are uneasy/confused, cannot realize what's happening, Squealer needs to convince them Boxer vs. Himself Boxer blames self for the confessions and killings of animals, vows to work even harder to prevent such things
impact: Boxer exerts himself even more, Napoleon gains more power, other animals are worried because of respect for Boxer
positive: Napoleon gains an even more dedicated worker who also inspires others to be like him
negative: Boxer puts more stress on himself, other animals are stressed and disheartened Boxer vs. Himself Boxer tries to understand lies about Snowball, says he doesn't believe them, finally believes when Squealer declares that Napoleon said it was true
impact: shows how easily manipulated animals are, Squealer begins to dislike Boxer
affects: Boxer, Squealer
positive: Boxer tries to see injustice and use judgement
negative: Boxer is still brainwashed despite his efforts, Squealer realizes need to prevent animals from forming their own opinions
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