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Life at Sea during the Age of Exploration

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Deirdre Grant

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Life at Sea during the Age of Exploration

Life at Sea during the Age of Exploration
The ship's crew faced many hardships and dangers at sea:
death from Scurvy (lack of vitamin c ),
death from Typhoid (drinking contaminated water),
disease from rats and lice bites,
sunstroke and frostbite,
injuries on board- loading heavy goods, falling overboard or from a mast,
boredom leading to drunkeness and fighting

A Caravel
The Crew

captain in charge of the ship

master the daily running of the ship

pilot/navigator steered the ship
boatswain the sails, anchor, made sure the captain's orders were obeyed
craftsmen carpenters kept the ship in good order, coopers maintained barrels and casks

apprentices 17-20 years dangerous jobs- climbing the lookout post, furling and
unfurling the sails, manning the bilge pumps (pumping out foul water)
boys/pages 8-15 years
peasant pages scrubbing, cleaning
upper class boys/pages assigned to an officer who protected them, sang prayers at sunrise,
sunset, looked after sand clocks, training for a career at sea

cat o'nine tails
punishment was severe if rules were broken-
stealing food might get 99 strikes of the lash
mutiny was punishable by death


the captain and officers had small cabins

the rest of the crew would bed down
on the deck during early Portugese
the hammock was discovered by Columbus on
one of his voyages and was then used
as bedding for the sailors
sleep was broken by the many watches being kept throughout the night
Food on board
hardtack- a biscuit of
flour and water
water, wine, vinegar, olive oil, lentils and beans, dry salt-cod, salted sardines, salted flour
salted beef/pork, cheese, honey,
livestock- pigs/chickens

cooking was done on board in a metal firebox

weevils, mice and rats infested the
food and contaminated it
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