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French and Indian War
Transcript of French and Indian War
Conflict between France and Britain
LONG history of conflict in Europe
Main issue in North America- LAND
Ohio River Valley
very fertile land
Assumption of Britain- when the King granted land grants, the border was assumed to continue on towards Pacific Ocean
Argument: WHO has claim to the ORV
Fort Duquense vs. Fort Necessity
Setting: Allegheny and Mononghela Rivers meet and join to make the Ohio River
Race is on to build a fort to claim the territory
George Washington sent to build Ft. Necessity
France builds Ft. Duquense just up and across the river
France's Presence in Michigan
Michigan is a Valuable Resource
fresh water a plenty
natural waterways to Atlantic Ocean
access to Mississippi River
Britain and the Native American tribes did not see eye to eye
Natives fearful Britain plans to take land and subject them to British rule
Pontiac- chief of Ottawa
joined with Wyandots, Ojibwas, and Potawatomis
by 1762, Pontiac enlisted support from practically every tribe from Lake Superior to the lower Mississippi
Each tribe would attack and seize the nearest fort and then join forces to wipe out undefended settlements
Pontiac's attack began with Detroit but...
British found out about the attack
July 31, Britain attacked Pontiac's camp but were repelled with heavy losses in the Battle of Bloody Run
United tribes did capture 8 forts
Spring of 1764, 2 British armies were sent out ... forced Shawnee to sue for peace breaking Pontiac's alliance
Pontiac was murdered in 1769 by a member of the Peoria tribe in Illinois
Natives choose Sides
Menominee, Ojibwe, Potawatomi
Attempt to protect land... Choose the French at first because of the relationship that has been built.
France is very successful at first
Fort Necessity (start of war)
Braddock and Washington
Ft. Lake George w/ Help from Iroquois
Ft. William Henry
Relationship with Natives from French view
France sent many missionaries to convert Natives to Christianity
Not many settlers since the focus was on commerce and not settlement
Very little conflict with Natives- working relationship
End of War
Treaty with England (Treaty of Paris)
France cedes ALL North American land to the Mississippi River
Natives lost land too and begin to attack British settlements that will lead to Proclamation of 1763
Tide Turns in favor of Britain
British leadership changed
William Pitt became Prime Minister and gives the army a new sense of purpose
Britain reclaims Fort Duquesne and renames it Fort Pitt
Iroquois change sides!
can see the French are getting beat and are worried
show British a secret path to use in attack on Quebec
Montreal- capital of Canada
official end of war 1763
You will research 1 of 5 forts involved in the French and Indian War
Find the background history of your fort
Did the fort fall to "enemy" hands?
Find at least 3 primary and 3 secondary sources that discuss the fort and it's role in the war
Describe your fort's role in Pontiac's Rebellion
Reserch an event from Pontiac's Rebellion:
Battle of Bloody Run
Seige of Fort Detroit
Lacrosse game at Fort Michilimackinac
dates the battle/event took place
Which tribes assisted in the attack
Was Pontiac at the attack?
What was the result (who won?)
Find at least 3 primary and 3 secondary sources