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abc's of the civil war
Transcript of abc's of the civil war
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Jim Crow laws
The South lost the Civil War in 1865 yet everything wasn't over. Southerners found a way to repressed colored people by making law called black codes. These restrictive laws were created to divide colored people and white people. Punishments like five days on the road or corporal punishment were given to the persons that refused to follow them. Even though the war had ended still more work was going to be needed to finish this repressions from the south.
Set up in 1861 the confederacy was created by seven slave states. It declared secession from the United States of America due to the election of Abraham Lincoln. In 1861 the confederacy attacked Fort Sumter starting the American Civil War. The Union never recognized the confederacy's rescission and was considered illegal. It collapsed in 1865 at Appomattox Court House with the surrender of Robert E. Lee.
Born in Virginia as a slave of the Peter Blow family. Unsuccessfully sued for his freedom,his wife and their two daughters. The case was based on the fact that they had been living with his master in a state were slavery was illegal. The United States Supreme Court stated that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States. This aroused public outrage and deepened sectional tensions between the northern and southern U.S. states.
Issued by Abraham Lincoln on 1863 as a war measure to all segments of the Executive branch. It proclaimed the freedom of all slaves in the ten states that were still in rebellion. was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces it was not a law passed by the congress. The proclamation also led free slaves enrolled into the paid service of United States' forces, and ordered the Union Army. It showed the eradication of slavery an explicit war goal, in addition to the goal of reuniting the Union.
They were the states where slavery was illegal. Refused to accept slavery, the main reason why the American Civil War started. Mainly composed by northern states. They received the name of The Union, the ones who fought to end slavery from the country forever. The Thirteenth Amendment ratified in 1865, abolished slavery throughout the United States, and the distinction ended.
The turning point of the Civil War between The Union and the Confederacy. The battle with the largest number of casualties of the entire war. The devastating battle with 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers from both armies were casualties in the three-day battle. Inspired the speech Gettysburg Address given by the president Abraham Lincoln. The battle ended with the North resulting the winner and ending Lee's invasion of the North.
The name of the outline strategy for subduing the seceding states in the American Civil War. The plan consisted in 3 main parts. The Union's naval blockade, was created to stop trade from foreign countries to the confederacy. The Union wanted to split the confederacy by capturing the Mississippi. Also capture Richmond the capital of the Confederate States of America.
She was a abolitionist and author from America. Uncle Tom's Cabin a novel that gave her more attention with the general public. This novel described the life of African Americans under slavery. She became very influential in America and United Kingdom. More people was against slavery which made the people in the south develop anger to persons like her.
Was a steam-propelled warship used for the first time in The Battle of Hampton Roads. They changed completely the way naval battles were going to be fought from that point. Was the result of the vulnerability of wooden warships. Became the only ships created to fight in battles. Due to their great power against other warships.
Laws created to show racial discrimination. They were not exclusively in southern and border states. Examples of these laws were the segregation of public schools, transportation or public places between others. Another big part of these laws were the prohibition of colored people in the U.S. Army. This showed the difference that still were produced in the country at this time.
Ku Klux Klan
A organization in the United States created to influence fear upon masses. With ideas like white supremacy, white nationalism. and anti-immigration. This was consider one of the groups most related with racial discrimination. They used forms of intimidation, violence, and terrorism. They did this to prevent reconstruction laws for giving African Americans civil rights
16th President of the United States of America. Lincoln lead the Country through its Civil War. During the bloodiest war United States has ever fought his great moral during this political crisis gave him the recognition from the world. The idea to end slavery once for all and maintain the Union together were his 2 main goals during his presidency. Until his assassination in 1865 Abraham was said to be the only man capable to accomplish this 2 goals.
In 1867 The Reconstruction Act was passed. This Act was created to rebuilt the governments of the southern states using the norther governments as an example. The Reconstruction Act divided the South into 5 military districts. They were placed under the military control of The United States of America. The final term of this act was that the southern government had to pass the 14th Amendment.
Also called The Union During The Civil War. They were form by 20 free states and five border states. They were opposed to the 11 southern slave states. The Union never recognized the south's secession. The Union also believed they never separated from the south and they were always The United States of America as we know it today.
Overseer is a supervisor. hired by a white man he would usually supervise the plantation slaves, but sometimes it was one of the slaves. He did whatever he needed to do to make sure slaves did their job. Large landowners would usually own well over 100 slaves. They relied heavily on overseers to run their plantations.
The idea that every person is sovereign. Rather than a monarch or single individual you have a group of people. They could unite and each delegate a small portion of their sovereign powers and duties to those who wished to temporarily serve as officers and employees of a state. He or she then would serve the rest of the people according to the will of the people expressed via a constitution and democratic process. As the 15th amendment states no state could keep someone from voting based on "race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
A warm bed covering made of padding enclosed between layers of fabric and kept in place by lines of stitching, typically applied in a decorative design. This material is related to the Underground Railroad. It was hung outside like some kind of a code. The code was to inform if the resident of a certain house is friendly and would hide a runaway slave.
Known as the Reconstruction Era the term has 2 meanings. the first covers the complete history of the the Civil War. The second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877. Directed by Congress, with the reconstruction of state and society. The persons in charge were presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. They took a moderate position designed to bring the South back to normal as soon as possible.
They were white southerners who worked with the Republicans. Consider traitors to the Sought because they were pro-Union during the Civil War. Supported Reconstruction and the Republican Party after the American Civil War. They also supported policies considered "Northern" such as desegregation and racial integration.
Total war is the destruction on everything in the path of soldiers like civilians, crops, houses, etc. Union Army General Philip Sheridan's stripping of the Shenandoah Valley. Beginning on September 21, 1864 and continuing for two weeks, was considered "total war". Its purpose was to eliminate food and supplies vital to the South's military operations. Another purpose of this was strike a blow at Southern civilian morale.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. This novel is supposedly helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War. Stowe was a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Seminary and an active abolitionist. The sentimental novel depicts the reality of slavery while also asserting that Christian love can overcome something as destructive as enslavement of fellow human beings. The novel was the second best-selling book of that century, following the Bible.
Was a series of maneuvers and battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi. This was fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River. The Siege of Vicksburg was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Union Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate Army of Vicksburg led by Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton into the defensive lines surrounding the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi.
They asummed new roles in agriculture, nursing, and war industries. In many ways, the coming of the Civil War challenged the ideology of Victorian domesticity that had defined the lives of men and women. As men’s work moved away from the home and into shops, offices and factories, the household became a new kind of place: a private, feminized domestic sphere. The war forced women into public life in ways they could scarcely have imagined a generation before.
Xanthorrhiza was a medicine taken from a root. A genus of shrubby ranunculaceous plants of North America. It was patented during the Civil War. It was used as a tonic like calumba or quassia; in infusion, decoction, tincture. Was used to treat wounds and infections soldiers got during battle.
From Fort Monroe, Union General George B. McClellan's army encountered Major General John B. Magruder's. A small Confederate army at Yorktown behind the Warwick River. Magruder's theatrics convinced the Federals that his works were strongly held. General McClellan suspended the march up the Peninsula toward Richmond, ordered the construction of siege fortifications, and brought his heavy siege guns to the front. In the meantime, General Joseph E. Johnston brought reinforcements for Magruder.
A zouave regiment was characterized by its soldiers. Bright, colorful uniforms which usually included baggy trousers, a vest, and a fez in different combinations of red, white, and blue. American zouave units were found in both Union and Confederate armies. They were modeled after French African troops who were known for their bravery and marksmanship. The name was also adopted during the 19th century by units in other armies.
The ABC's of The Civil War