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Alliteration, Assonance, Hyperbole, Simile, Personification

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Talia Ciampi

on 25 May 2015

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Transcript of Alliteration, Assonance, Hyperbole, Simile, Personification

Language Features
Alliteration
Assonance
Hyperbole
Simile
Metaphor
Personification
Onomatopoeia
repetition
Alliteration is the repeated sound of the first consonant letter in a series of multiple words.
for Example
"
A
lice's
a
unt
a
te
a
pples
a
nd
a
corns
a
round
a
utumn"
this is alliteration because of the repeated consonant sound at the beginning of each word.
alliteration can also occur when the consonant at the beginning of each word is not the same letter as alliteration is not the repetition of letters it's of sounds.
For example
"that's the
F
irst
ph
oto of
F
rance
f
rom the moon"
this is again alliteration as the consonant sounds are still the same.
W
ind
W
akened, the
w
inged and
w
insome
w
ind
w
andered
w
esterly
w
hile
w
histling
w
itchery.
It
w
altzed
w
himsically
w
ithin
w
oodlands

extract from andrea dietrich's poem "wind"

assonance Is the repetition of vowel sounds to create rhyming within phrases or sentences and nearby words.
For example
" i sat ben
ea
th the tr
ee
s in the summer br
ee
ze doing what i pl
ea
sed"
This is assonance because of the repeated vowel sounds within the words.
assonance in poetry
He g
i
ves h
i
s harn
e
ss b
e
lls a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.
The onl
y
other sound’s the sw
ee
p
Of eas
y
wind and down
y
flake.

Extract from Robert Frosts poem
“Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”
hyperbole's are over exaggerations to create emphasis or effect. A hyperbole is a form of speech that uses exaggerated statements or claims that shouldn't be taken literally.
for example
My mothers cooking was out of this...
World
this is a hyperbole because it's exaggerating that the mothers cooking is out of this world when it is in fact not actually outside of the the world and in space.
Hyperbole's in poetry
I’m
bigger than the entire earth
More powerful than the sea
Though a
million, billion have tried
Not one could ever stop me.

extract from Sharon Hendricks poem "what am i"
A metaphor Is a figure of speech in which two things are being directly compared to each other in order to suggest a resemblance, a metaphor also does not use the words like or as to compare, unlike similes.
For example
time was a thief.
this is a metaphor because it's directly comparing time to being a thief but actually this metaphor just indicates that time passes quickly and our lives pass us by.
metaphors in poetry
My
family is the ocean around us.
My
father is the hurricane
,
knocking anything and everybody out of his path.
My
mother is the sunshine
after the storm.

An extract from Kimberly L. Briones poem
" an ocean of memories"

a simile Is a figure of speech which compares two UN -related things together using a similar aspect that both things share using like or as.
For example
the cotton candy was as fluffy as a cloud.
this is a simile because it's comparing the cotton candy to being as fluffy as a cloud by using like or as.
similes in poetry
They are like flashlights in the night sky;
God’s little helpers guiding us on our journeys.
Stars are as bright as a lighthouse on an icy, ocean night;
they are like guardians committed to bringing you home.
Natasha Niemi's poem "stars"
Personification is giving non-human objects and things human characteristics. Personification also gives human traits and qualities, such as emotions, desires, gestures and speech to the non-human things.
for example
the stars
danced
playfully in the moonlit sky.
this is personification because it's giving the stars the human trait of dancing when stars don't actually dance.
Autumn brushes her hair slowly Letting the glorious colors flow gently to the earth below. Showing off vibrant colors in contrast to summer's green dress. Out doing the starkness, of winter's white coat.
personification in poetry
extract from "autumns season" a poem by Phyllis Babcock
Onomatopoeia are words that imitate, resemble or suggest the source of the sound that it describes.
For example
Words such as...
These are onomatopoeia words
as they actually sound like how they are said.
onomatopoeia in poetry
Over the cobbles he
clattered
and
clashed
in the dark inn-yard, / He
tapped
with his whip on the shutters, but all was locked and barred.
extract from "The Highwayman" by Alfred Noyes
Repetition is the repetition of a word or phrase to achieve a particular effect.
for example
A
horse
is a
horse
, of
course
, of
course
,
And no one can talk to a
horse
of
course
.
this is repetition as it's repeating the words horse and course.
repetition in poetry
O
Captain
! my
Captain
! our fearful trip is done;
The ship has weathered every rack, the prize we sought is won;
The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,

Extract from "O Captain! My Captain!" by Walt Whitman
Thanks for watching!
Alliteration in poetry
Full transcript