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5 World Religions Hinduism and Buddhism

XWH2X
by

Steve Williams

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of 5 World Religions Hinduism and Buddhism

5 World Religions: Overview: Hinduism: The Basics Origins: 750-550 BCE, India
Founder: Unclear, not one person
Text: Vedas and Upanishads
Purpose: Achieve moksha (state of perfect understanding)
Beliefs:
---Many forms of 1 God (Henotheism)
---Reincarnation- Rebirth as many different beings
---Karma: All thoughts and actions effect future consequences
---Atmans and Brahman- Brahman is the world's soul that
contains all the individual souls known as Atmans. Buddhism: The Basics Origins: 530ish BCE, India (modern day Nepal)
Founder: Siddhartha Gautama
Text: No official holy texts
Purpose: Achieve Nirvana
Spread: Missionaries (King Asoka), Trade Routes,
Followers of Buddha Buddhism: Beliefs Four Noble Truths:
1. Suffering (from lack of satisfaction). Human life
is unhappy
2. Cause of unhappiness is desire or craving (worldly pleasures, something new).
3. Cessation - Removal from suffering and craving aka Nirvana.
4. The way to achieve Nirvana: The Eightfold Path Eightfold Path 1. Right View
2. Right Thought
3. Right Speech
4. Right Action
5. Right Livelihood
6. Right Mindfulness
7. Right Effort
8. Right Concentration Hinduism and Buddhism -Hinduism and Buddhism evolved together,
began to share traits i.e. coming to peace w/world.
-Caste System: Hinduism extremely tied to it, while Buddhism rejects it.
-Both spread around Asia via trade routes, yet did not move to far outside of Asia. Karma and the Caste System -Caste System: Hierarchy of status in India
-Karma: Belief that all actions have future consequences.
---Part of having "good Karma" is not being involved with people outside of your Caste
System.
---Brahman (priests) were at top,
Shudra (laborers) at bottom.
Full transcript