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Global Sex Tourism
Transcript of Global Sex Tourism
Global Sex Tourism
Presented By: Torin Thorsgard and Weston Blevins
Anyone under the age of 18 who engages in sexual activity for money
Over 2 million children a year worldwide are exposed to child prostitution
300,000 in United States alone
Average age of entry into prostitution in the U.S is 13-14 years old
A pimp can make $150,000-$200,000 a year per child
Most child prostitution stems from sex trafficking (involuntary)
Other children may do it for money or survival
Asia and South America have the highest numbers
The movie "Taken" covers a case of sex trafficking/ child prostitution in Paris France
Most child prostitution takes place indoors because the risk of being spotted outside is too great
United Nations declared all forms of child prostitution illegal under international law.
Sex tourism can be considered a major sector of the modern tourism industry. Although sex tourism has existed for centuries, worldwide interconnectedness has influenced its proliferation. Locations around the planet have taken vastly different positions on the topic, and we hope to present the impacts of these positions in an objective manner.
Major Categories of Sex Tourism
What are some of the impacts (both positive and negative) you believe sex tourism can have on a region?
Adult Male and Female
Many destinations across the globe have legalized prostitution in some form. Despite various reasons for legalization, these communities have seen different impacts as a result
Adult male and female (legal)
Over 50 countries have some legal form of prostitution
Netherlands, Brazil, Czech Republic, Canada, and Israel
Can be limited to one or several destinations, such as Nevada within the US
Claims this is safer overall
Lessens risk of STDs
Reduces influence of black market players
Canadian court decision protecting sex workers was petitioned by those involved in the industry
Legal prostitution destinations have seen an influx in trafficked persons however
Some destinations do not strictly enforce prostitution laws
Philippines, Thailand, Dominican Republic
Female sex tourism is on the rise
Caribbean and some Oceanic countries
Most sex tourists are wealthy men
North America, Western Europe, Japan
Many organizations "prey" upon men seeking emotional connection
Started during WWI and became very prevalent during WWII and Vietnam
Many soldiers utilized these services
Over a 1 billion dollar a year business in the Netherlands
Accounts for 5% of the dutch economy
Estimated that 40% of visitors to the Philippines partake in sex tourism
98% of victims are women and children
Can be hard to define sexual "tourism"
If a someone on a business trip purchases sexual services does this make them a sexual tourist?
Difficult to find accurate statistics (nova.edu)
Sex workers are often "owned" or indentured workers
Highly organized crime groups
May have little economic impact on workers themselves
Much government corruption
Difficult to prosecute international offenders
Government links to economic benefits of sex tourism
In greater Denver area, sex trade is a $50 million a year industry
Illegal prostitution deemed less safe
Prostitution identified as a major HIV/AIDS risk factor
Mostly in developing areas.
HIV traced back to 1920's Congolese sex workers
Little education on contraceptives, and even denial of STDs
Workers are more likely to experience violence
Around 200 murders per 100,000 workers
Next riskiest occupation is taxi drivers at 30 per 100,000
Often associated with other criminal activity
Areas may greatly profit from tourists' overall expenses.
Lodging, travel, dining, goods, and other services
Destinations with legal prostitution may also improve quality of life for sex workers
More free time
Clients often purchase workers food, diapers, etc.
nova.edu (Bender et al, 2004)
studentpulse.com (Ward, 2010)
nytimes.com (Leigh, 2012)
Rational Choice Theory
People will inherently make the best possible decisions for themselves depending on their situation
"Women in Mexico make $50 a week. They can make $50 an hour if they prostitute. They do it for quick money or for their families." (Ward, 2010)
nova.edu (Bender et al., 2004)
reuters.com (Kelland, 2014)
studentpulse.com (ward, 2010)
studentpulse.com (Ward, 2010)
Facts and Figures
35 billion dollar industry worldwide
Thailand, Philippines, Netherlands,Brazil, Spain
Often sex trafficking organizations are involved in drug and firearm trafficking as well, making them very dangerous, and profitable.
PTSD is common in many victims of sex trafficking
Dates back to 2400 B.C but became popular during times of war
Legal in a handful of counties in Nevada
Colorado has some of the strictest laws against prostitution in the nation.
Non Consensual Prostitution
Human sex trafficking is slavery
Fastest growing organized crime business
Third largest criminal enterprise in the world
Human trafficking generates $9.5 billion yearly in US
One third of runaways will be lured towards prostitution
More common in poor areas, especially central european nations
Destinations are primarily first world countries
North America, Western Europe, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and Australia
Combating sex trafficking requires a holistic approach
Most victims lack adequate access to resources
Scandinavian countries have significantly reduced trafficking by decriminalizing prostituted persons, but criminalizing those who purchase sex services
"Today the business of human sex trafficking is much more organized and violent. These young women and girls are sold to traffickers, locked up in rooms or brothels for weeks or months, drugged, terrorized, and raped repeatedly. These continual abuses make it easier for the traffickers to control their victims. The captives are so afraid and intimidated that they rarely speak out against their traffickers, even when faced with an opportunity to escape." - FBI.gov/stats