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Wood

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by

Valeria Carrion

on 19 October 2014

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Transcript of Wood

DOORS
Engineered Wood
Popularized in N America in 1980s
FINISHES
Use of stains to color wood without greatly obscuring the grain.

May be processed in the field or factory.
May be solid or combination of solid and veneer.

Good insulators.

Fire rated in commercial spaces. (20, 60, 90 minutes)
TYPES
SUSTAINABILITY
HISTORY
and breakdown
MANUFACTURING
Process
INSTALLATION
APPLICATION
Codes
Building dominated by natural materials
Foundation under animal skins to protect themselves against cold, rain, evil spirits
Distinctly human achievement through development of technology
ORIGINS
CHARACTERISTICS
COST
CARE
Hardwood
Broad Leafed Trees
Oak
N. America
most widely used
Maple
Europe, America, Asia
Cherry
Eastern half of the US
The Forest Stewardship Counsil (FSC)
Bamboo
to the Rescue?
Highly renewable
3-5 year maturity
International Union for Conservation of Nature
Endangered Species
Three or more layers, top veneer
Dimensionally stable
PANELS
VENEER
Primitive Structures
Wood-working tools precursor to axe
Spatial concept
Wood as a primary tool
Purlin roof
TYPES
PLANKS
W: 4-12"
Board and batten for contraction
PARQUET BLOCKS
Arranged patterns
ENGINEERED
Composite wood
VENEER
Mounted on engineered substrates



Serve a sculptural, and practical function.
Composed of solid wood or a combination of engineered wood with a 1/4" wood veneer.
Apply general rule:

Raiser- 7"

Tread- 11"
CASEWORK
Species in Danger
International Union for Conservation of Nature
FLOORING
STAIRS
ARCHITECTURAL TRIM
MILLWORK
Solid Hardwood
Engineered Hardwood
Laminate
Luxury Vinyl Tile
Vinyl Sheet
With glue or staples, floated
Wood glued or snapped together
tongue-and-groove laminate planks lock together and fold down over subfloor without nails, staples, or adhesive
Floating system
Luxury vinyl plank attaches to planks beside it with self-adhesive - peel, place, press
Wood-look vinyl floors use full-spread adhesive
Engineered: 10-15% more
Softwood
Cedar
US, Canada, S. America
Redwood
Pacific US
"Cone-bearing" trees
Tropical Hardwood
Mahogany
S. America, C. America, Africa
Teak
Southeast Asia, similar species in Africa
Floors
Rosin paper if foot traffic
Masonite if wheeled traffic
Damp (almost dry) mopped
Hazy finish buffed to be recoated with same sealant
Veneer and laminated flooring may be resurfaced
Trim, doors, stairs
Similar, may need recoating
Early Use
REFERENCES
PROS VS. CONS
In 19th century, carpet became affordable and labor intensive aesthetics were important among the upper class
Hardwood popular during 20th century: nostalgia
New Aesthetics
Colonial Attitude
Strong wood, old growth forest trees
No circular saw, pit saw logs into planks
Sustainable
Wide array of use and applications
Low toxicity
Smooth acoustics
Durability
Easy Maintenance
Aesthetically pleasing

Oxidation
or
Fading


Cost
Pine
N. Hemisphere
Flame-spread Rating

Most tested wood products have an index less than 200, making them acceptable under current building codes.
Smoke-develop Index

Measures the concentration of smoke a material emits as it burns.

None of the wood species tested exceeded 450, which meets code regulations.
nonprofit group that promotes environmentally responsible forestry practices
Typically attached to wood subfloor using nails or staples
Hoffmann, Julius. Building with Wood. Frederick A. Praeger Inc. Publishers. New York: 1969.

http://www.popularmechanics.com/home/improvement/interior/which-kind-of-hardwood-flooring-should-you-choose

http://www.homeadvisor.com/article.show.Engineered-Flooring-Easier-Hardwood.14586.html

http://www.hardwoodinfo.com/articles/view/pro/22/276

http://www.hoovedesigns.com/woods.html

http://www.motherearthnews.com/diy/sustainable-hardwood-floor-options.aspx#axzz3DiAuccd2

http://flooring.about.com/od/Flooring-Pros-And-Cons/a/The-Benefits-And-Drawbacks-Of-Bamboo-Floors.htm

http://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/restricted-and-endangered-wood-species/

http://www.armstrong.com/flooring/wood-flooring-installation.html

http://www.armstrong.com/flooring/wood-flooring-installation.html



VALERIA CARRION
MADELINE MANANSALA

Conceal the transition between two planes.
STANDARD SIZES


Thicknesses: 1/8" - 1" in 1/16" and 1/8" increments.


Widths: 18", 24", 32", 36, 48"

Lenghts: 4-10'

AC1 – Moderate Residential: These laminate floors will only stand up to light residential use, and are best for locations like closets or bedrooms.

AC2 – General Residential: Able to handle moderate foot traffic and can be used in most residential spaces such as dining rooms or living rooms.

AC3 – Heavy Residential/Moderate Commercial: Fine for every room in the house including high-traffic rooms and commercial spaces with light traffic (i.e. Small offices or hotel rooms).

AC4 – General Commercial: Suitable for all residential uses as well as more heavily trafficked commercial spaces like offices, cafes, and boutiques.

AC5 – Heavy Commercial: Recommended only for commercial use in high-traffic spaces like department stores and public buildings.
Abrasion Class Rating
Timber laminate AC1-AC5
Coefficient of Friction: 0.4-0.6
Shrinking
and
swelling

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