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HOW TO CLASSIFY AN ORGANISM

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by

Cameron Bivins

on 16 November 2016

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Transcript of HOW TO CLASSIFY AN ORGANISM

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By: Cameron Bivins
HOW TO CLASSIFY AN ORGANISM
Find the domain. Examine your living organism and determine if it is a bacteria, archaean (ancient bacteria-like organism) or a eukaryote. You have two sets of chromosomes, so you are a eukaryote. At each step in classification, check the requirements for each category to determine where the species belongs.


Find the kingdom. There are four eukaryotic kingdoms (subject to change): Chromista (seaweeds, diatoms); Fungi, Metazoa (animals); Plantae (plants); and Protista (microscopic eukaryotes). You are a Metazoan, a kingdom also known as Animalia.


Find the phylum. You are in the phylum Chordata. You are a chordate because you have a spinal chord. Because you also have a backbone, you are a vertebrate. That is your sub phylum-Vertebrae
Find your class. You belong to a group in which the mothers produce milk to feed their young, so you are a mammal-class
mammalia.
Find your order and family. You are a primate (order Primata), and, because you don't have a tail, you are an ape and not a monkey. Skeletal (particularly skull) features are used to determine that you're a member of the family Hominidae.


Find your genus and species. The possible genuses in Hominidae are Pongo (orangutans), Pan (chimpanzees and bonobos), Gorilla (gorillas), and Homo, humans. You of course are in the genus Homo. Only one extant species has survived in the genus Homo, and it is Homo sapiens.


Classify an animal based on its morphology. One large part of classifying an animal is identifying its morphology. Morphology refers to the internal and external characteristics of an animal. For example, does it have fur or scales? What kind of stomach does it have? Knowing about the characteristics of the animal you want classify will help you do this correctly.
References
Youtube

Wiki How


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