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Transcript of Oedipus Complex
BY: Austin Whiting, Brandon Ascencio, Monica Castanon & Sandy Polanco
what is the
Why is it important?
The Oedipus Complex is Sigmund
Freud's theory which explains a
child's sexual desire toward its
parent of the opposite sex.
Richard Armstrong "Oedipus as Evidence: The Theatrical Background to Freud's Oedipus Complex". PSYART: A Hyperlink Journal for the Psychological Study of the Arts. December 15, 2009. Available
http://www.psyartjournal.com/article/show/armstrong-oedipus_as_evidence_the_theatrical_backg. December 3, 2013
Fleming, James. "Freud's Oedipus Complex Theory: Definition & Quiz." Education-portal.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2013.
Edmunds, Lowell (1981). The Sphinx in the Oedipus Legend. Konigstein im Taunus: Hain. ISBN 3-445-02184-8.
Sophocles (trans. R. Fagles), The Theban Plays, Penguin Books, 1984
Background on Oedipus myth
King Oedipus knows that there is a curse upon Thebes so he sends out his brother-in-law Creon to seek advice from Apollo. Creon comes back and tells Oedipus that the only way to get rid of the curse is to find and prosecute the killer of former king Laius who was killed at a crossroad. Oedipus puts his all into looking for the killer. He ends up questioning a blind prophet and he gives Oedipus the first clue, that Oedipus himself had killed King Laius. When Oedipus tells Jocasta, she tells him not to believe it since prophets aren't always correct. Jocasta then tells Oedipus that the son she had with Laius was destined to kill his father and marry his mother. In the end Jocasta and Laius killed their son, thus the prophecy never came true. Oedipus felt very uncomfortable after hearing her story. He continues to question people and comes across a shepherd and a messenger. They both have information on how Oedipus was adopted as child would end up killing his biological father and sleep with his biological mother. Jocasta realizes that Oedipus is her son. Horrified with what is happening she kills herself. Shortly after, Oedipus, too, realizes that he was the man who killed King Laius and had married and had kids with his mother, Jocasta. In horror and trauma he gauges his eyes out and is exiled from Thebes.
Who is Sigmund Freud?
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the father of Psychoanalysis. He was physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and influential thinker of the early twentieth century. Freud elaborated the theory that the mind is a complex energy-system. His theory said that we act the way we do and behave in certain ways because of our subconscious.
Freud's theory is important because it breaks down the psychology that was used in the Oedipus play. The theory helps describe why it is that Oedipus was having sexual desires with his wife/mother Jocasta. The theory also influences others into why people behave the way they do due to their subconscious or mental state of being.
How did Freud develop his theory?
The Oedipus complex was discovered in the 19th century from Freud's childhood and his relationship with his parents., Freud lived a similar life as the one described in the Oedipus play. he thought that the story would help a lot of adults to connect with their anxiety problems that seemed to happen very often. According to Freud, the complex was driven by the boys desire to possess his mother and kill his father due to jealousy. Freud also concluded that the desires could have been towards his father.