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Animism

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chante ebanks

on 8 January 2015

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Transcript of Animism

Animism
The belief that all things have a spirit or soul that can offer help or harm to humans; including animals, plants, rivers, mountains, stars, the moon, and the sun.


What is Animism?
Animism was developed by British anthropologist Edward Tylor in the late 19th century.
Edward used the religion to refer to any mystical, supernatural, or non-empirical spirit beings (faith driven).
In Tylor's book, "Primitive Culture" Animism is thought to be the starting point for human religions.
Origin of Animism
Animism is practiced worldwide, but is dominant in some areas.
This religion is mainly in Asia, Africa, Canada, Australia and in the United States
Where is Animism Practiced?
Diffused through relocation.
It did not spread far because some tribes are not global.
Animism was diffused from the religion of Buddhism, and by the Native americans.
Animism is passed down orally through generations.
The term animism is derived from the Latin word "anima" meaning breath or soul.
Diffusion of Animism
Works Cited
Holy Text
The religion does not have a holy text or scripture.
Traditional cultures practice orally passing down Animism by storytelling.
Doctrine
Animists are monotheistic (believing in one god).
The principal doctrine of this religion is that the universe itself has a soul and all the natural objects within it.
Animists believe that doing something good for the item they worship, may bring them blessings in certain areas of their life, such as crops, health,etc.
Dependent upon what they do, it can either help them or harm them.
Supreme Being can be reached through prayer, rituals, sacrifice, and the spirits of nature.
Denominations/Traditions
To worship, they make sacrifices, do dances,rituals,and other forms of devotion.
Dances: Most rituals include a choreographed danced that involves mostly drums.
Exorcism Ritual: Shamans or herb makers would perform exorcisms to banish bad spirits from someone's body. (Use of a mask gives them this ability)
Symbols of Animism
Significant Places
Some worshipers only believe in one species being their god. For example, bird, reptile, and tree worshipers.
EUROPEAN THEORY
There is no RECORDED founder of Animism.
Animism is probably dated back about 3 million years ago in the Paleolithic age.
Animism was developed simultaneously in many different parts of the world.
Animism is an ethnic religion and a form of shamanism.
This symbol, a mask, is used by many Animist to ask a favor of the god. Most of the times it was used to ask the god to give that person to have supernatural abilities bestowed upon them. (Superpowers)
This mask is used to communicate with the Supreme God and communicate with animals.
Animist Mask
Spiritual Rock
Giant Spirit Mountain
This mountain is believed to house spirits, because of its unique shape.
A spirit is believed to live in the crack of this rock. People may go here to give thanks to the spirit.
Animals and plants are highly valued.
Holy Leader/Supreme God
The holy leader of Animism is Shaman.
He influenced others about the spirits.
Shamans are messengers who spread the religion from different regions.
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