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Ancient Greek Art

A guided tour of ancient Greek sculptures from the Geometric to the Hellenistic periods.

Sarah Bonar

on 24 July 2010

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Art

Bronze man and Centaur Medium: Bronze
Period: Geometric
Date: mid- 8th century B.C.
From: Olympia, Greece
Original Site Found: Unknown
Artist: Unknown Sculptures of Ancient Greece A guided tour by:
Sarah bonar ARt1020 History of Art in early civilizations Mantiklos, "apollo" Medium: Bronze
Period: Early Orientalizing
Date: 700- 675 B.C.
From: Boiotia, Thebes, Greece
Artist: Unlnown
Bronze herakles Medium: Bronze
Period: Archaic
Date: last quarter of 6th century B.C.
From: Mantinea, Arcadia, Greece
Artist: Unknown Bronze diskos thrower Medium: Bronze
Period: Early Classical
Date: 480-460 B.C.
From: Peloponnese
Artist: Unknown Bronze statuette of a veiled and masked dancer Medium: Bronze
Period: Hellenistic
Date: 3rd to 2nd century B.C.
From: Alexandria, Egypt
Artist: Unknown Statuette of the Diaduomenos Medium: Marble copy of Bronze original
Period: High Classical
Date: 430 B.C. (original)
From: Found on Delos
Artist: Polykleitos True to the Geomtric period, this statuette depicts
a warrior at grips with a centaur. Both figures body shapes are represented with basic geometric shapes, such as the triangular torso of the warrior. This statuette was made using the lost-wax method and likely depicted a mythological scene (MetMuseum). Like most artifacts from this period, it is also likely that this was made as a decoration for a sanctuary or temple. The sculptures from the Orientalizing period were influenced heavily by Egyptian art and sculptures. The frontal stance of the "Apollo" statuette with its stiff posture and hard lines also echo the styles of the Geometric period (MoFA). However, there is noticeably more detail than the previous sculpture, with clear features on the face, hair and clothing. Also, since this statuette depicts the god "Apollo" it is likely it was also used in a sanctuary or temple. During the Archaic period, there was noticeable improvement in casting and sculpting methods. Sculptures depicted much more lifelike details than their predecessors and there was a clear move toward attempting to show movement in the forms of the statues. The statuette, "Herakles" is thought to depict Hercules. Historians also note that this figure is immaculately groomed, which is thought to show that, while he was a hero of strength, he was also civilized (MetMuseum).This statue is also thought to have been dedicated to a sanctuary (MetMuseum). When analyzing this Early Classical statuette, what should be immediately apparent is the more lifelike appearance of the statue's body and more natural pose. Unlike previous periods, Classical period sculptors strived to realistically represent the human form rather than portray it in an idealized or conceptualized form (AiPOD). The features of this statuettes face are noticably softer than of the "Herakles" statuette and the line of the body from the outstreched arm to the tilted hips are much more natural. The Metropolitan Museum of Art speculates that this may have been a peice dedicated to the gods by a victorious athlete thankful for his win. This marble copy is just one of many of this extremely popular statue of a young athlete tying a ribbon around his head after winning an athlethic event. It is likely that the original stood in a sanctuary in Olympia or where games were often held (Met Museum). The sculptor of the original bronze, Polykeitos, is said to have worked in a way to represent the human form in correct proportions and "perfect harmony". He worked from a strict canon that was admired, copied and duplicated by many. As a sort representation of the natural progression of skill, take note of the carefully carved curls of the hair and anatomically correct muscle definition. During the Hellenistic period it wasn't just gods, the affluent and admired that were represented in sculpture. Sculptors seemed to take the interest of representing the true human form to a new level, by also representing the everyday people of life, such as this dancer who likely was an entertainer in the streets at the time. The draping of her clothing and its relationship to her moving body give this statuette real presence. Works Cited “Diadduomenos”. Univeristy of Texas. 23 July 2010. Web. http://www.utexas.edu/courses/introtogreece/lect23-24/img13diadoumenos.html

Greek Art: “Mantiklos, Apollo”. 2010. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 19 Jul 2010. Web. http://www.mfa.org/collections/search_art.asp?recview=true&id=152660&coll_keywords=&coll_accession=&coll_name=&coll_artist=&coll_place=&coll_medium=&coll_culture=&coll_classification=&coll_credit=&coll_provenance=&coll_location=&coll_has_images=&coll_on_view=&coll_sort=0&coll_sort_order=0&coll_view=0&coll_package=26121&coll_start=1

"History of Art in Early Civilization Online Lecture:Greek Sculpture". The Art Institute of Pittsburgh: Online Division.19 July 2010. Web. myeclassonline.com

"Statue of Diadoumenos [Roman copy of a Greek bronze statue by Polykleitos] (25.78.56)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/25.78.56 (October 2006)

"Statuette of a diskos thrower [Greek] (07.286.87)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/07.286.87 (October 2006)

"Statuette of a man and centaur [Greek] (17.190.2072)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000 ndash;. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/17.190.2072 (October 2006)

"Statuette of a veiled and masked dancer [Greek] (1972.118.95)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1972.118.95 (April 2007)

"Statuette of Herakles [Greek] (28.77)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/28.77 (October 2006)

“The Beginnings of Historic Greece”. AncientHistory.com. 23 July 2010. Web. http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/B/9/2/The-Beginnings-of-Historic-Greece-700-BC-600-BC-.jpg

“The Macedonian Empire”. AncientHistory.com. 23 July 2010. Web. http://0.tqn.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/H/9/2/The-Macedonian-Empire336to323BC-.jpg
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