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Pro Euthanasia

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Emma Salam

on 17 November 2013

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Transcript of Pro Euthanasia

Euthanasia
Laws
Cons of Euthanasia
What is Euthanasia?
The term Euthanasia originated from the Greek word for "Good death". It is the act of ending the life of a person either by lethal injection or the suspension of medical treatment.
Pro Euthanasia
Death With Dignity Act
Oregon was the first state to pass a Death With Dignity (DWD) Act. The Death With Dignity Acts allows people who are terminally and/or hopelessly ill to ask their doctors for lethal medication. The Washington Death with Dignity Act, Initiative 1,ooo was passed on November 4, 2008 and went into effect March 5, 2009.

The Act requires that the patient must be:
• 18 years of age or older
• A resident
• Capable of making and communicating health care decisions for him/herself
• Diagnosed with a terminal illness that will lead to death within six months
the Right to Die
People have an explicit right to die. Death is a private matter.

Assisted suicide and Euthanasia are legal in a wide range of countries all over the world:


Euthanasia legal nations

Video- Ted Talk
& Facts
Acts
Euthanasia illegal violations
Even though, in majority of countries, Euthanasia and assisted suicide are forbidden, reports show that they are still practiced illegally by some doctors, nurses and even by friends and family members of seriously ill patients in a wide range of countries in the world.
Facts about Euthanasia
Five types of Euthanasia
Active Euthanasia
: occurs when the medical professionals, or another person, deliberately do something that causes the patient to die. (For example, giving a patient a medical injection to cause death.)
Passive Euthanasia
: occurs when the medical professionals withhold the treatments for dying patient and let them die.
Voluntary Euthanasia
: occurs when a patient want to die and say so.
Involuntary Euthanasia
: occurs when a patient want to live and is killed by other people who cannot bear looking at his/her suffering.
Non-voluntary Euthanasia
: occurs when a patient(usually people who is mentally disturbed or under age of eighteenth or brain- damaged) is kill by doctors.
In Michael Manning’s book, "Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide: Killing or Caring?" is explained in the chapter "Killing vs. Allowing to Die" that:

"This is an extremely important distinction in the euthanasia debate. Generally speaking, opponents of euthanasia maintain that there is a clear moral distinction between merely allowing to die and actually causing or deliberately hastening someone's death. For some it is a crucial moral discernment; for others, it represents either casuistry [excessively subtle reasoning intended to rationalize or mislead] or moral fiction."

Right or Wrong
Euthanasia, this controversial discussion, among individuals and societies has into vogue for a long time already. So is euthanasia right or wrong? Should it be allowed or forbidden?
Assisted suicide is legal in countries: for example,
-In America, four states: Montana, Oregon, Vermont, Washington
-Albania
-Luxembourg

Euthanasia is legal in countries: for example,
--Switzerland
- Holland
- India
- Australia(which is the first country to legalize Euthanasia)
- Benelux countries such as Netherlands, Belgium
- About 9% of all deaths, in Netherlands, were a result of physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia in 1990.
- Allowing people who are not dying to die of starvation and dehydration by withholding or withdrawing food and fluids is legal in all 50 states.
- Virtually every established medical and nursing organization in the United States declares physician-assisted suicide is unethical.
- 95% of cancer pain is controllable and the remaining 5% can be reduced to a tolerable level.
Video talk
Pain Reducing
Euthanasia would help alleviate suffering of terminally ill patients. It would be inhuman and unfair to make them endure the unbearable pain.

Philosophical arguments about death itself:
Is death really a bad thing?
Ethical arguments:
- Euthanasia affects other people's rights such as family’s rights, not just those of the patient.
- Voluntary euthanasia is the start of a slippery slope that leads to involuntary euthanasia and the killing of people who are thought undesirable
- Accepting euthanasia accepts that some lives (those of the disabled or sick) are worth less than others
- Euthanasia weakens society's respect for the sanctity of life

Religious arguments:
- Euthanasia is against the word and will of God
- Euthanasia weakens society's respect for the sanctity of life
- Suffering may have value
Practical arguments:
- Proper palliative care makes euthanasia unnecessary
- There's no way of properly regulating euthanasia
- Euthanasia gives too much power to doctors.


Euthanasia exposes vulnerable people to pressure to end their lives

- Moral pressure on elderly relatives by selfish families
- Moral pressure to free up medical resources
- Patients who are abandoned by their families may feel euthanasia is the only solution

Allowing euthanasia will lead to less good care for the terminally ill

- Allowing euthanasia undermines the commitment of doctors and nurses to saving lives
- Euthanasia may become a cost-effective way to treat the terminally ill
- Allowing euthanasia will discourage the search for new cures and treatments for the terminally ill
- Euthanasia undermines the motivation to provide good care for the dying, and good pain relief

Ted Talk about going against Euthanasia
start at: 3:24
This is Steven Hawking, he's talking about why death with dignity should be legalized. He's a very famous scientist, on par with Einstein.
Full transcript