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First Amendment Schools
Transcript of First Amendment Schools
journalism = First Amendment = classroom management First Amendment Schools vs. Behaviorism Timeline 1890s – Neurologist Sigmund Freud developed the psychological theory of psychoanalysis, the “talking cure” (“Psychoanalysis,” 2010)
1902 – Sigmund Freud invited physician Alfred Adler to join a psychoanalytic discussion group (“Alfred Adler,” 2010)
1911 – Alfred Adler split with Freud over the idea that the social realm is as important to psychology as the internal realm and went on to espouse “the development of social interest and democratic family structures for raising children” (“Alfred Adler,” 2010).
1923 – Sigmund Freud published The Ego and the Id (“Psychoanalysis,” 2010)
1937 – Rudolf Dreikurs, a physician and former associate of Alfred Adler’s, became director of the Alfred Adler Institute in Chicago (p. 96, Edwards, 2008)
1940s – Thomas Gordon was a graduate student working with humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers (p. 174, Edwards, 2008).
1951 – Carl Rogers published Client-Centered Therapy (“Carl Rogers,” 2010), emphasizing the concept of “self-actualization” (“Carl Rogers,” n.d.)
1968 – Rudolf Dreikurs published A New Approach to Discipline; Logical Consequences, theorizing that adults should give children choices about how to behave rather than telling them what to do and advocating for more democratic procedures in schools (p. 97-123, Edwards, 2008).
1974 – Thomas Gordon published T.E.T.: Teacher Effectiveness Training, theorizing that adults could influence children without resorting to behaviorist systems of rewards and punishments (p. 198, Edwards, 2008).
1987 – Educator Forrest Gathercoal published Judicious Discipline (“Judicious discipline,” n.d.), outlining a classroom management theory based on the United States Bill of Rights and emphasizing student responsibilities.
2001 – ASCD and the First Amendment Center started the First Amendment Schools project (“First Amendment Schools,” 2010).
Democracy & Education Practical applications First amendment center + association for supervision and curriculum development (ascd) = First Amendment Schools Analysis and reflection "It must be true." "Nobody sees Santa Claus, but that is no sign that there is no Santa Claus." B.F. Skinner John Dewey I want to believe in the efficacy of the First Amendment Schools brand of democratic discipline, because I think it would be ideal to use a classroom management technique reinforcing what students are learning in journalism classes. There is research-based evidence for the efficacy
of constructivist teaching strategies.
But not for First Amendment Schools in particular
or democratic discipline in general as a classroom
management theory. presented by JoLynne Walz Martinez
27 April 2010
ED526 Classroom Management Seminar In my opinion, the only proof of the success of the First Amendment Schools project may be the number of participating institutions over the past decade. Cynics might attribute the project schools’ continued participation to the fact that they are receiving sizeable grants. However, the vast majority of the schools are affiliates receiving little or no grant funding; yet they continue participating – presumably submitting their annual reports -- year after year.