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Grit - Angela Duckworth

The Power of Passion and Perseverance

MJ Majadly

on 24 November 2016

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Transcript of Grit - Angela Duckworth

Chapter 1:
Showing Up
Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance
Chapter 10: Parenting for Grit
Chapter 11: The Playing Field of Grit
Chapter 12: A Culture of Grit
Chapter 13: Conclusion
Part III: Growing Grit from The Outside In
MJ Majadly

Chapter 2:
Distracted by Talent
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Chapter 3:
Effort Counts Twice
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Chapter 4:
How Gritty Are You?
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Chapter 5:
Grit Grows
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Part I: What Grit is and Why it Matters
Chapter 8:
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Chapter 9:
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Chapter 7:
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Chapter 6:
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
Part II: Growing Grit from The Inside Out
To be gritty is to:
You are challenged in a variety of ways in every developmental area—mentally, physically, militarily, and socially. The system will find your weaknesses, but that’s the point—West Point toughens you
The highly successful had a kind of ferocious determination that played out in two ways
First, these exemplars were unusually resilient and hardworking
Second, they knew in a very, very deep way what it was they wanted
It was this combination of passion and perseverance that made high achievers special.
In a word, they had grit.
Outliers, Galton concluded, are remarkable in three ways: they demonstrate unusual “ability” in combination with exceptional “zeal” and “the capacity for hard labor.”
Determinants of achievement— zeal and hard work are ultimately more important than intellectual ability
Talent is the sum of a person’s abilities—his or her intrinsic gifts, skills, knowledge, experience, intelligence, judgment, attitude, character, and drive. It also includes his or her ability to learn and grow

with the same invested effort, become more accomplished.
What each achieves depends on just two things, talent and effort.
Talent—how fast we improve in skill—absolutely matters. But effort factors into the calculations twice, not once.
Effort builds skill. At the very same time, effort makes skill productive. Let me give you a few examples.

Your talent is nothing more than your unmet potential.
Your skill is nothing more than what you could have done but didn’t
Talent becomes skill and, at the very same time, effort makes skill productive.
Without effort:
First, you write down a list of twenty-five career goals.
Second, you do some soul-searching and circle the five highest-priority goals. Just five.
Third, you take a good hard look at the twenty goals you didn’t circle.
Add an additional step: To what extent do these goals serve a common purpose?
Buffett’s three-step exercise in prioritizing:

Two indicators could easily be rephrased as passion items for the Grit Scale:

Degree to which he works with distant objects in view (as opposed to living from hand to mouth). Active preparation for later life. Working toward a definite goal.
Tendency not to abandon tasks from mere changeability. Not seeking something fresh because of novelty. Not “looking for a change.”
“high but not the highest intelligence, combined with the greatest degree of persistence, will achieve greater eminence than the highest degree of intelligence with somewhat less persistence.”
What have we learned:

First: grit, talent, and all other psychological traits relevant to success in life are influenced by genes and also by experience.
Second: there’s no single gene for grit, or indeed any other psychological trait
Third important point: heritability estimates explain why people differ from the average, but they say nothing about the average itself.
Buzz-killers development:

First comes interest: Passion begins with intrinsically enjoying what you do
Next comes the capacity to practice. One form of perseverance is the daily discipline of trying to do things better than we did yesterday.
Third is purpose. What ripens passion is the conviction that your work matters
Finally, hope. Hope is a rising-to-the-occasion kind of perseverance.
The four psychological assets of interest, practice, purpose, and hope are not You have it or you don’t commodities. You can learn to discover, develop, and deepen your interests. You can acquire the habit of discipline. You can cultivate a sense of purpose and meaning. And you can teach yourself to hope

Just how ridiculous is it to advise young people to go out and do what they love?
- First, research shows that people are enormously more satisfied with their jobs when they do something that fits their personal interests
- Second, people perform better at work when what they do interests them.
- The “casting vote” for how well we can expect to do in any endeavor is “desire and passion, the strength of [our] interest. . ..”
- Finally, interests thrive when there is a crew of encouraging supporters, including parents, teachers, coaches, and peers
Passion for your work is a little bit of discovery, followed by a lot of development, and then a lifetime of deepening
- First, childhood is generally far too early to know what we want to be when we grow up.
- Second, interests are not discovered through introspection. Instead, interests are triggered by interactions with the outside world
- Third, what follows the initial discovery of an interest is a much lengthier and increasingly proactive period of interest development. Crucially, the initial triggering of a new interest must be followed by subsequent encounters that retrigger your attention—again and again and again
- Don’t be afraid to erase an answer that isn’t working out
Rules of thumb “How to Solve Crossword Puzzle”
- Begin with the answers you’re surest of and build from there
- Don’t be afraid to guess
- Then experts do it all over again, and again, and again. Until conscious incompetence becomes unconscious competence
How experts practice
- First, they set a stretch goal, zeroing in on just one narrow aspect of their overall performance; strive to improve specific weaknesses. “working to find your Achilles’ heel—the specific aspect of the music that needs problem solving.”
- Then, with undivided attention and great effort, experts strive to reach their stretch goal
Gritty people do more deliberate practice and experience more flow
Deliberate Practice
-carefully planned
- requires working where challenges exceed skill
- exceptionally effortful
- is for preparation
- can be extremely positive—not just in the long-term but in the moment

- spontaneous
- most commonly experienced when challenge and skill are in balance
- effortless
- is for performance

To some extent, we’re all hardwired to pursue both hedonic and eudaimonic happiness
Two ways to pursue happiness:
- “eudaimonic”—in harmony with one’s good (eu) inner spirit (daemon)
- “hedonic”—aimed at positive, in-the-moment, inherently self-centered experiences.
Workers identify themselves as having:
- A calling (“My work is one of the most important things in my life”)
- A career (“I view my job primarily as a stepping-stone to other jobs”)
- A job (“I view my job as just a necessity of life, much like breathing or sleeping”)
- Bill Damon recommends
finding inspiration in a purposeful role model
Whatever your age, it’s never too early or late to begin cultivating a sense of purpose. Here are three recommendations:
- David Yeager recommends
reflecting on how the work you’re already doing can make a positive contribution to society
- Amy Wrzesniewski recommends
thinking about how, in small but meaningful ways, you can change your current work to enhance its connection to your core values
. “job crafting”
- When you keep searching for ways to change your situation for the better, you stand a chance of finding them. When you stop searching, assuming they can’t be found, you guarantee they won’t. Or as Henry Ford is often quoted as saying, “Whether you think you can, or think you can’t— you’re right.”
Collectively, the evidence I’ve presented tells the following story: A fixed mindset about ability leads to pessimistic explanations of adversity, and that, in turn, leads to both giving up on challenges and avoiding them in the first place. In contrast, a growth mindset leads to optimistic ways of explaining adversity, and that, in turn, leads to perseverance and seeking out new challenges that will ultimately make you even stronger.
Recommendation for teaching yourself hope is to take each step in the sequence above and ask, What can I do to boost this one?
- Final suggestion for teaching yourself hope: Ask for a helping hand.
- First suggestion in that regard is to update your beliefs about intelligence and talent
- Next suggestion is to practice optimistic self-talk.
There’s no either/or trade-off between supportive parenting and demanding parenting. It’s a common misunderstanding to think of “tough love” as a carefully struck balance between affection and respect on the one hand, and firmly enforced expectations on the other. In actuality, there’s no reason you can’t do both
Wise parenting, because parents in this quadrant are accurate judges of the psychological needs of their children. They appreciate that children need love, limits, and latitude to reach their full potential. Their authority is based on knowledge and wisdom, rather than power.
Permissive parents, by contrast, are supportive and undemanding
Neglectful parenting creates an especially toxic emotional climate
Authoritarian parents are demanding and unsupportive
Here’s what Margo found:

kids who spend more than a year in extracurriculars are significantly more likely to graduate from college and, as young adults, to volunteer in their communities. The hours per week kids devote to extracurriculars also predict having a job (as opposed to being unemployed as a young adult) and earning more money, but only for kids who participate in activities for two years rather than one
- graduating from college with academic honors better than any variable.
- holding an appointed or elected leadership position in young adulthood.
- notable accomplishments for a young adult in all domains, from the arts and writing to entrepreneurism and community service
The predictive power of follow-through was striking. It predicted:
We live by the Hard Thing Rule. It has three parts:
- The first is that everyone has to do a hard thing. A hard thing is something that requires daily deliberate practice.
- You get to pick your hard thing. Nobody picks it for you because, after all, it would make no sense to do a hard thing you’re not even vaguely interested in.
- You can quit. But you can’t quit until the season is over, the tuition payment is up, or some other “natural” stopping point has arrived; finish whatever you begin.
When you grow, and change levels in your life (in the book they mention Amanda moving to high school), at that point, the Hard Thing Rule will change. A fourth requirement will be added: Amanda must commit to at least one activity, either something new or the piano and viola they’ve already started, for at least two years
The bottom line on culture and grit is: If you want to be grittier, find a gritty culture and join it. If you’re a leader, and you want the people in your organization to be grittier, create a gritty culture
Over time and under the right circumstances, the norms and values of the group to which we belong become our own. We internalize them. We carry them with us. The way we do things around here and why eventually becomes The way I do things and why.
Grit in Finnish is sisu.
Sisu, refers to a source of inner strength
There are two powerful lessons we can take from sisu.
- First, thinking of yourself as someone who is able to overcome tremendous adversity often leads to behavior that confirms that self-conception
- Second, even if the idea of an actual inner energy source is preposterous, the metaphor couldn’t be more apt
- Keep putting one foot in front of the other.

- Hold fast to an interesting and purposeful goal.

- Invest, day after week after year, in challenging practice.

- Fall down seven times, and rise eight
- Two ways to do so. On your own, you can grow your grit “from the inside out”. You can also grow your grit “from the outside in.”

- Second, closing thought is about happiness. Success is not the only thing you care about. And while happiness and success are related, they’re not identical.
• This book has been about the power of grit to help you achieve your potential.
Few final thoughts.
The first is that you can grow your grit:
One way to think about grit is to understand how it relates to other aspects of character. Three reliable clusters:
- Intrapersonal dimensions of character (strengths of will): includes grit. This cluster of virtues also includes self-control, particularly as it relates to resisting temptations like texting and video games. What this means is that gritty people tend to be self-controlled and vice versa.

- interpersonal dimensions of character (strengths of heart): includes gratitude, social intelligence, and self-control over emotions like anger. These virtues help you get along with—and provide assistance to—other people

- intellectual dimensions of character (strengths of mind): includes virtues like curiosity and zest. These encourage active and open engagement with the world of ideas
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
My Experience
Quote I Like about the chapter
During my undergraduate degree in Computer Science a good number of my friends changed majors within the first year. I was still new to the country, and was surprised on how easily they were giving up on a good degree just because the first class they took challenged them mentally, and physically.

Personally, I was and still experiencing a lot of difficulties with my school giving that English is my third language (and currently learning a fourth)

As Mark puts it: What mattered was a "never give up" attitude
During my academic journey I have seen a good number of friends and classmates who have great talent, who could be great leaders one day give up on life. They either started hanging out with the wrong crowd, or started using narcotics and their life changed over night

These friends lacked having Zeal and The Capacity for Hard Work, and they did not listen the anyone who tried to help them.
Going back to what I mentioned in Chapter 2. If these friends realized the potential and talent they had they could have became an important figure in their community

Instead they lacked Effort, and without effort as we have seen their talent is nothing. They decided to go the easy way rather that work hard on their skills.

I would like to have my own tech company one day, hold a higher-up management position, or take over the family business back in Israel.

But neither of these options come easy that is I did my undergrad in Computer Science and currently working on my MBA. Also I am planning to have the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) Certification done by the time I graduate with my MBA.

Based on the Grit Scale (http://angeladuckworth.com/grit-scale/), my score is:
There are no shortcuts to excellence
Buzz-Killers development steps are what started my goal to have my own tech company. It ended to be something I want and need, and that is why I made changing in my life to purse that goal; Necessity is the mother of adaption

Life is Short. Follow your passion
As Warren Buffett said: "If you don't find a way to make money while you sleep, you will work until you die."

Passion comes over three steps:
- Discovery: When I learned about Bill Gates in school and how he became the richest man in the world from starting in his family's basement, and also how many entrepreneurs started the same way is when I discovered what I want to do with my life.

- Development: Since that point I did, and still doing whatever I can do to reach that point. I got my diploma in high school in Electrical Engineering, and moved to my undergraduate in computer science, and now I am working on my MBA.

- Lifetime of deepening: My end goal will be a goal that I will always be working on, when it comes to IT, what you know now will be "out of date" in three years. So, I'll always be working, and trying to lean new thing, and update my knowledge.

Kaizen #ContinuousImprovement
When it comes to practice it is a hard task, one that takes a lot of effort, and where a lot of people give up in.

My goal is hard to reach, but reachable nonetheless. At this point in my life I need to do more practice and improvement, and that is why I have zeroed on narrow aspect to improve my weaknesses. As I mentioned before I plan to have my Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) Certification before graduation. Having this certification will give an advantage, and its not an easy one to get. It consist of 5 different examinations, and a passing grade must be met in each exam

And I'm willing to work hard, and do it over, and over again until I reach what I want

My family owns their own business in the tech field. But I want to have my own business that can help every household in the world. I am not sure what kind of business I would have as I am still thinking of different ideas that could grow to be a great success, but it is not an easy task.

I would like to create a business that can help me support each member of my family for generations to come, and the community to the best I can.

I am looking for a calling
If it was not for the support, and guidance of my family I would not be where I am today working on building an amazing future for the ones I care. But, with all of that I still lack leadership guidance.

For that reason I met with the VP of Marketing and Sales at the Eldorado Resorts, and asked to volunteer next semester at the Resort where I shadow the Management on order to have a sense of that experience, and guidance.
With practice and guidance, you can change the way you think, feel, and, most important, act when the going gets rough
I am not a parent, but can say for a fact that my parent are supportive and demanding.

They give me the latitude to reach my full potential, but are there in case I need help, and limitation at some point.
Watson holds forth on how to raise a child “who loses himself in work and play, who quickly learns to overcome the small difficulties in his environment . . . and who finally enters manhood so bulwarked with stable work and emotional habits that no adversity can quite overwhelm him.”
I know the owners of the Eldorado Resorts, that is how I met the VP of marketing and sales in the first place. They are great people that care about the people working for them. I personally have multiple friends working there who have been working for 10+ years and love their job, the resort, and the Carano family.

I want to volunteer there because I know they will be both supportive and demanding, and give me the opportunity to prove my self and cultivate my interest, practice, purpose, and hope.
Two important features that are hard to replicate in any other sitting:
- Having an adult in charge (supportive, and demanding), not a parent
- Pursuits are designed to cultivate the grit from the inside out
Culture of Grit: the culture in which we live, and with which we identify, powerfully shapes just about every aspect of our being
I need to work more on growing my grit.

Step one was going up to the VP to ask for guidance and help.

In order to achieve my potential I need to work harder and put my self out there. #BecomeGrittier
Going back to my friends who have been working at the Eldorado Resorts for a long time. Their values and norms are the same, they became what their culture is. The Owner identify with the Culture of Grit, they want their people to reach their full potential, always hearing what employees wants, and how can they help them. One friend of mine moved up two levels by asking to learn new things here, and there, and afterwords moved to one of their east coast properties when I higher position opened up. They welcome and encourage change.
Talent * Effort = Skill 
Skill * Effort = Achievement
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