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Nazi Beliefs

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Emily S

on 17 August 2017

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Transcript of Nazi Beliefs

Nazi Beliefs
By Emily S.
Origins of Beliefs
Post-WWII Impact
Neo-Nazism and Skinheads
Other Groups and Beliefs
Nazi Party Rises to Power
Germany and the Jews
Influences of Social Darwinism, the Superior Race, and Romanticism
Aryans and Jews
Aryans and Jews (continued)
The Power of Germany
Basic Beliefs
Purity of Aryan Blood
Opposition to the Treaty of Versailles
Charles Darwin discovered the concept of natural selection in plant and animal species, also known as "survival of the fittest".
Social Darwinism brings these ideas into the context of nations, cultures, and races, stating that natural selection also applies to groups of people and only the strongest can survive and endure.
Formation of Germany
Germany's Defeat in WWI
Holocaust Denial
Nineteenth Century - The Superior Race
1800s - The idea of a superior race developed.
This race was known by several names - Germanic, Nordic, Teutonic, or Aryan .
It was written about by Wilhelm Marr, Paul de Lagarde, August Rohling, Theodor Fritsch, and Houston Stewart Chamberlain .
Howard Stewart Chamberlain wrote the book Foundations of the Nineteenth Century, which describes three major groups of humanity – the Greeks, Romans, and Jews. He wrote that the Aryan Greeks and Romans created civilization, while the Jews could only destroy.
Hitler saw the world as a constant battle between good (Aryan) and evil (Semitic) races, a belief which has traces of the Romanticism of the previous century (The Nazi Years - A Documentary History).
Romanticism - Adventures, daydreams, and idealistic fantasies were present in these years in the works of authors Jules Verne (science fiction) and Karl May (Westerns).
Richard Wagner, a composer whose works Adolf Hitler admired, also expressed this in his operas, and many phrases that he used were adopted by the Nazis, such as das Reich, which means "the empire" (The Nazi Years - A Documentary History).
Became one nation in 1871.
Prior to this it was only a collection of states and territories that were constantly battling and shifting alliances.
Otto von Bismarck united these states to fight against France in the Franco-German War, creating the German Empire.
The Jews' Arrival in Germany
The Jewish people came to Germany when it was still a collection of territories. They came from Spain, France, Holland, and Belgium, and before that from Islamic areas. They were fleeing religious wars.
Those of other beliefs tried to either force them to convert or kill them because they were "unbelievers".
In order to escape either of these fates, the Jews continued to run to escape the persecution, finally settling in Germany.
Original Jewish Ghettos in Germany
By the time the Jews came to Germany, the land was already claimed and workers were not needed. Therefore, Jews had to become merchants and storekeepers. Their movements were limited, they could not own property, and they had to live in specific areas of town (ghettos).
In the Ghettos
Non-Germans had poor housing and sanitation.
The walls around the ghettos and the buildings themselves were tall, blocking out the sunlight.
There were too many people in one space, which led to widespread disease.
Jews could only travel to certain areas outside the ghetto, and they had to return to it before dark.
Ghetto in Frankfurt in 1868
In these ghettos, the contrasts between Jews and other Germans could clearly be seen. Jews had different customs, ways of worship, and clothing.
Lifting of Restrictions
In the early 1800s, individual states began loosening the laws that limited Jewish rights.
When Germany became one country, this spread through the entire nation. Jews were able to own property and do business in the town.
Those with little money had to remain in the ghettos, but many became middle-class merchants and were able to improve their lives.
Poor Germans, including peasants and workers, were not pleased about lifting restrictions (Gottfried).
Insisted that Jews had lied, stolen, and cheated their way into money (Gottfried).
Many of them also believed that those in ghettos were hoarding wealth (Gottfried).
A Change in Anti-Semitism
As Jews became a greater part of society, the minority that opposed them shifted their form of attack .
Previously, Christians had targeted Jews and blamed them for Christ's death.
Beginning in the nineteenth century, anti-Semitics began focusing on the Jewish RACE rather that RELIGION.
Jewish ancestry was more important that actually being an active participant of the faith.
Trouble in Germany
This was a devastating blow for the Germans, who saw themselves as fighting for the survival and preservation of their country amidst the surrounding countries (The Nazi Years - A Documentary History).
Germans blamed the Jews for their defeat.
During the shortage of food when soldiers returned, Jews were accused of making money from it (Gottfried).
Jewish manufacturers were said to have charged the government extra and supplied faulty equipment (Gottfried).
Jewish bankers were accused of charging the government high interest in order to limit their funding for the war (Gottfried).
None of this was true.
Weimar Republic and Treaty of Versailles
Republic had to agree to the peace treaty - the Treaty of Versailles.
Hoped that the new democratic government would cause the enemy forces to have mercy, but this did not happen (Freeman).
Aircraft destroyed.
German army reduced to 100,000 men.
Lost colonies and 13% of land.
Blamed for war and had to pay for damage.
The republic was targeted as an ineffective government because of this.
People believed that there were too many groups in the government, resulting in a divided Germany.
Economic Depression
In the 1920s, the intense economic troubles that hit Germany struck another blow against the government.
Germany's trade and the growth of its culture diminished.
No leader would have been capable of dealing with the crisis so soon after the end of the war, but that did not stop the Germans from blaming the republic (The Nazi Years - A Documentary History).
Blame for Troubles
Greedy businessmen were blamed for the depression.
Communists were blamed for the riots for food.
Government was accused of not being strict enough.
Jews all over the world were blamed for all of the issues.
Origins of Nazi Party
Anton Drexler started the party at the end of WWI. Then it was called the "Committee of Independent Workmen" and it's main focus was opposing communism and trade unions .
Was anti-Semitic from beginning.
Wanted a fair treaty at the end of the war, but this goal failed.
Dietrich Eckhart - Founder of Nazism
Was a journalist, poet, and dramatist, but his plays were never produced.
Highly intelligent, but significantly unstable (Gottfried).
Drinking problem.
Took morphine.
Put in mental institution.
Shaped Hitler's ideas and beliefs (Gottfried).
Aryan superiority.
Elimination of Jews in Germany.
Opposed Weimar Republic.
Hitler's Promises and the Universal Appeal of Nazism
When Hitler took over the Nazi party, he was skilled at telling people what the wanted to hear (Freeman).
Would promise farmers that their grain would be sold for higher prices, then would turn around and promise the workers cheaper bread (Freeman).
He promised the middle class no Communism in Germany, a restoration of traditional German ideals, such as the value of hard work, and a more stable economy, including more job opportunities (Freeman).
Nazism was called "National Socialism", a term which appealed to both the conservatives who valued tradition and the workers of the community.
The racism that targeted Jews and elevated Aryans above all others brought the country together.
To other Germans, Jews were the scapegoats for the political and economic issues in Germany.
Germans also believed that Germany had the right to rule the world, so they supported Hitler's military campaigns.
Nazi Recruits
Rallying the People
Yearly Nuremberg Rallies were held by the Nazi Party.
They grew throughout the years until over 100,000 Nazi members were attending.
Symbols of the Nazis such as the salute and the phrase "Heil Hitler" were used to draw the crowd in.
Overall, the spread of Nazism was based on belief in Germany, Hitler, and "the movement", rather than logical explanations of its ideas .
Elimination of Non-Aryans
One Leader - Against Communism and Democracy
United, Great Germany
Were angry at Germany's defeat in World War I .
Wanted to strike back at the countries that had humiliated Germany.
Were against the peace treaty at the end of the war that had stripped Germany of its power.
Believed that Communism and democracy were ineffective forms of government .
Like the Jews, Communists were another common enemy that would unite Germany (Freeman).
Believed that in order for Germany to thrive and endure, the nation needed a single ruler that had total power.
Desired to restore the might of Germany.
Believed that the German people had the right to take land from lesser races .
Aryan Germans were encouraged to reproduce.
Countries to the east had valuable resources such as fertile farmland, iron ore, and oil that Nazis believed should be taken for the Aryan people.
The Nazis believed in superiority within the white race.
Believed that Aryans (Germans) had noble blood that was untainted by others. They were the masters of all humanity .
Believed that God created Aryans as perfect in order for them to form civilization on Earth.
Jews in particular were targeted as non-Aryans.
Nazis considered the Jews to have tainted blood, and many of them thought that the "original sin" of mankind was the poisoning of Aryan blood by Jews ("racialism and Nazi ideology").
Believed that Jews were the devil and had placed world leaders under their control.
The belief in the superiority of the Aryan race gave Aryan Germans a sense of nationalism
Even in the early 1930s, Nazis were working to eliminate those that did not measure up to Aryan standards based on their family history, often by sterilizing them.
These lesser peoples included the mentally weak, schizophrenic, alcoholic, depressed, deaf, and blind.
Nazis believed that in all civilization there was the continuous battle between Aryans and all other races .
Saw the Aryans as heroes in this conflict, fighting to preserve their pure blood ("racialism and Nazi ideology").
Believed that the Jews' goal was to poison the Aryan race ("racialism and Nazi ideology").
Neo-Nazism in Modern World
Violence and Terrorism
Attempts to bring back Nazi ideas.
In Germany and Austria after World War II, neo-Nazis parties like the German Reich Party and Socialist Reich Party were run by ex-Nazis before being shut down by the Federal Constitutional Court.
Neo-Nazi Organizations developed in United States, including Aryan Nations and White Aryan Resistance.
In Germany, neo-Nazism developed primarily in the east, as unemployment there led to resentment and desperation.
Share similarities with neo-Nazis, especially in Germany.
Generally young, conservative, working-class people.
Named for their shaved heads.
Characterized by strong fear and hatred of strangers and foreigners.
These organizations promote violence.
May commit crimes that are not terrorism.
Groups have committed terrorist acts, such as attempted murder, arson, and planned bombings, although these are infrequent.
In the new century, over 100 skinhead/ racist groups have developed.
No true leaders.
Constantly changing, dying out, and returning.
In Germany the neo-Nazi movement is mostly organized into "brotherhoods" made up of around 5-20 young men .
Neo-Nazi demonstrations are forbidden in Germany for fear that they will unite neo-Nazis nationally.
Certain music groups are introducing young people to the skinhead culture.
Promoting racism, anti-Semitism, and nationalism .
Authorities are attempting to put a stop to this, and the number of concerts that promote such ideas have decreased.
However, computer software allows people to download music, so racist messages can reach even more people.
Neo-Nazis also use websites in order to keep in contact internationally.
Some Germans use foreign Internet providers, so authorities have more trouble locating them.
Websites discuss conspiracies to destroy white Christians formed by Jews, Communists, and blacks.
Books such as The Turner Diaries by William Pierce, a white supremacist fantasy, have inspired neo-Nazis and skinheads ("white supremacist groups").
Pierce also led National Alliance, a neo-Nazi group, and he worked to improve it.
His death became rallying point for neo-Nazis ("neo-Nazis").
White Supremacist Groups
Form of literary terrorism.
Many types
Belief that the Holocaust was made up to create sympathy for Jews so they could establish Israel.
Belief that no more Jews died in the war than any other group, and there were no death camps for their elimination.
Most extreme - Belief that the Holocaust did not happen but should have, since Jews caused the war ("Holocaust denial").
In Germany and Austria, Holocaust denial is considered a crime.
In 2006, David Irving was imprisoned by Austria for making a Holocaust denial speech.
Most are in United States, especially in the Pacific Northwest.
They are anti-Semitic and racist.
They are also against the federal government .
Believe they are defending Christianity .
Believe the American government is controlled by Zionist Occupation Government
Biesinger, Joseph A. neo-Nazism. Germany: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the
Present, European Nations. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2006.

Modern World
History Online.Web. 25 Apr. 2013.
Biesinger, Joseph A. racialism and Nazi ideology. Germany: A Reference Guide from the
Renaissance to the Present, European Nations. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2006.
Modern World History Online. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Burg, David F. skinheads. Encyclopedia of Student and Youth Movements. New York: Facts
on File, Inc., 1998. Modern World History Online. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.
Combs, Cindy C. and Martin Slann. Holocaust denial. Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Revised
Edition. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2007. Modern World History Online. 28 Apr.
Combs, Cindy C. and Martin Slann. neo-Nazis. Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Revised Edition.
New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2007. Modern World History Online.Web. 25 Apr.
Bibliography (continued)
Combs, Cindy C. and Martin Slann. right-wing extremism in Germany. Encyclopedia
of Terrorism, Revised Edition. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2007. Modern
World History Online. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.
Combs, Cindy C. and Martin Slann. white supremacist groups. Encyclopedia of
Terrorism, Revised Edition. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 2007. Modern
World History Online. Web. 28 Apr. 2013.
Freeman, Charles. Why Did the Rise of The Nazis Happen? New York: Gareth
Stevens Publishing, 2011. Print. Moments in History.
Gottfried, Ted. Nazi Germany - The Face of Tyranny. Brookfield, Connecticut:
Twenty-First Century Books, 2000. Print. The Holocaust.
Remak, Joachim, ed. The Nazi Years: A Documentary History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
PRENTICE-HALL, Inc., 1969. Print.
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on File, Inc., 2001. Modern World History Online. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.
Handicapped Jews taken prisoner.
Protest Against Treaty of Versailles
Richard Wagner
The Nazis had many key racial and political beliefs that stemmed from ideas in the nineteenth century and the situation in Germany after WWI, and they have endured over the years, leading to the rise of modern groups that preach the same ideas.
Nazism did not spring into existence directly before WWII, nor did it end after the Allies defeated Germany. Many of the basic ideas, such as anti-Semitism and other forms of racism, are still supported by groups around the world. From its early roots to its modern impact, Nazism is important to learn about, so people today can realize how destructive racism can be, and its traces in today's world can be spotted and stopped before they spiral out of control.
Life as a Struggle
Evolution of Social Darwinism
This Nazi poster says "Behind the enemy powers: The Jews".
This poster reads "The slogan for 1943: Unstoppably onward until final victory!"
NPD - extreme conservative political party in Germany that supports neo-Nazism
Traditional skinhead symbol.
Neo-Nazi group in Greece attacks immigrants.
Assorted neo-Nazi flags
Neo-Nazi website
Ku Klux Klan symbol
White supremacist group gathers
In the nineteenth century, literature written by Jews and for Jews flourished.
Weimar Republic - The government that was formed at the end of the war.
Made up of many political parties.
Percent of votes a party got was equal to the number of seats they received. This resulted in no party having a clear political majority.
Germany after WWI
Some Germans opposed the Jewish merchants by refusing to buy from Jewish shops.
Germany suffered heavy losses.
Total from Army and Navy:
1,611,104 killed
3,683,143 wounded
772,552 missing
1936 Nuremberg Rally
Early plan of Frankfurt ghetto
German CDs that promote racial hatred
Propaganda showing Weimar Republic politician stabbing Germany in the back.
Only a minority of white supremacists is violent ("white supremacist groups").
However, federal and state authorities still worry that they could try to take over the western states that have low populations ("white supremacist groups").
Some think that they are gathering weapons and practicing with them ("white supremacist groups").
Violence breaks out at a white supremacist rally.
This deliberately attacks the records of historians, survivors, and eyewitnesses, as well as the physical evidence.
The research and evidence behind Holocaust denial is poor, but it still has its followers.
When recruiting, Nazis specifically targeted workers, as they had little education, resented Germany's defeat and the peace treaty, and did not trust the unions that failed to protect their jobs.
Nazis played on their emotions and prejudices, causing them to believe in the inferiority of non-Germans and strong anti-Semitic ideas.
This Nazi propaganda describes how German workers have been deceived by Jews and Communists and are now realizing the right path of National Socialism.
When Hitler took over the Nazi party, he was skilled at telling people what the wanted to hear (Freeman).
Would promise farmers that their grain would be sold for higher prices, then would turn around and promise the workers cheaper bread (Freeman).
He promised the middle class no Communism in Germany, a restoration of traditional German ideals, such as the value of hard work, and a more stable economy, including more job opportunities (Freeman).
Neo-Nazi flag confiscated by German police.
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