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Act 3, Scene 3

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Chris Canova

on 8 June 2011

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Transcript of Act 3, Scene 3

Macbeth Act 3, Scene 3 Word of the Day Surreptitious (adj.) Done or made in a secret, stealthy way In what way were the actions of Macbeth and the murderers done in a surreptitious manner? What is the reason for this? Give textual examples. Match each term below as a synonym or antonym of 'surreptitious.' Secret Sneaky Open Honest Clandestine Forthright Fraudulent Sly Truthful Veiled Truthful - ant. Forthright - ant. Open - ant. Sly - syn. Honest - ant. Secret - syn. Fraudulent - syn. Veiled - syn. Clandestine - syn. Sneaky - syn. Answers: Summary (Act 3, Scene 3) It is becoming dark outside, and the two murderers who Macbeth ordered to kill Banquo and Fleance wait outside the palace gates in the woods. A third murderer approaches to help them, and soon Banquo and Fleance arrive. The murderers manage to kill Banquo, but Fleance escapes. Banquo tells Fleance to avenge his death. The Mysterious Third Murderer Who is the third murderer who is sent to aid the other murderers as they seek to kill Banquo? There are many theories about who the third murderer is. The main three are:
He is Macbeth making sure that the murder is done correctly
He is a friend of Macbeth's (possibly Ross) who was sent to make sure the murder is done correctly
The Third Murderer is actually a mistake that ended up in the play What do you think? Literary Critiques Feminist Critique The feminist critic would look at the way at which the third murderer is usually assumed to be a male, despite the fact that there is no mention in the scene over whether or not he or she is male or female. The third murderer is only refered to as the 'third murderer,' and the feminist critic would say that there is an equal chance he or she was a male or female. Marxist Critique The marxist critic would look at the state of the murderers who Macbeth consigned to kill Banquo: both were extremely poor. The marxist critic would say that the reason that they have to follow Macbeth's orders is because Macbeth has money and money brings power. The murderers, having no money have no power, and as a result are forced to do dirty deeds to gain the favor of the king. Historical Critique The historical critic would look at the lines "Almost a mile; but he does usually (So all men do) from hence to the palace gate Make it their walk" (III, iii, 17-19). These lines give insight into a historical practice of 11th century Scotland - the men, when returing from a hunt, would dismount from their horses and physically walk to the palace gates. This historical knowledge allows the murderers to plan an efficient trap. Assassination of Osama bin Laden In what ways were the assassinations of Osama bin Laden and Banquo the same? Different? Archetypal Crtique The archetypal critic would focus on the lines about the fire as Banquo is murdered. Banquo enters the scene carrying a torch, and when he is murdered the torch becomes extinguished. "Who did strike out the light?" the one murderer says (III, iii, 27). Light is usually a symbol for life and goodness and darkness death and evil. Thus, when the light is extinquished, enshrouding the forest in darkness, it symbolizes the loss of life of Banquo at the hands of the evil murderers.
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