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Reducing the Digital Divide through Mobile Technology

There exists a digital divided in today's educational system among white students and minority students. However, the divide is not so great when considering mobile devices. This presentation is intended to show how the divide can be decreased through t

Brian Taylor

on 7 May 2010

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Transcript of Reducing the Digital Divide through Mobile Technology

The Digital Divide A Global Perspective 21st Century Skills what are 21st century skills? critical thinking
problem-solving skills
higher-order-thinking skills
they are useful for collaborating
ability to transfer skills/knowledge from area to another
life skills - skills that will be used throughout one's life 21st century skills can be defined as: Types of digital divide In an NPR interview with MARIO ARMSTRONG. he states:
Lower performing or lower quality computers
Slow access to the Internet - dial-up connection v. DSL/cable modem
people who are not technically literate
lack of technology-related or computer-related job skills
In my classroom... CONVA System DVD Player
Document Camera
Laptop Computer Donated Computers Old Headsets
from Listening Center Headsets
8mm need 3.5mm Adaptors Adaptor Issues
Break when Using Them
Cord is too Short
Not Made for Computers -Computers are Old-
-Outdated Software-
Not IPS Computers so...
They Cannot Be Updated
Do Not Have Updated Programs In the School Distance Learning Room Also a Classroom - In Theory it is
Only to be used for Distance Learning
The Computer Lab The Library
An Additional 16 Computers Two Computer Labs with CONVA Systems In the 1980s, Matti Makkonen, a civil servant living in Finland invented SMS (Short Message Service), which allowed companies to send mass bits of information on the phone to their customers. (Landry, http://www.freearticlesandcontent.com/article/448443/a_brief_history_of_text_messaging.php)

Text Messaging Nokia - in Finland Used Infrared on cell phones to play games against other cell phones
used cell phones to purchase Coke from soda machines
Used cell phones to pay for car wash also used cell phones to purchase Coke at Soda machines in Japan "Many people, however, question whether a digital divide fueled by ethnic, geographic, societal, or economic factors exists. The major issue, say the digital dissenters, is not a lack of access to technology but a lack of interest in technology. The educational system does not adequately address that lack of interest, they say." (Steele-Carlin, 2000) Does the Divide Really Exist? There is a digital divide The divide exists for
African Americans
Native Americans Research shows the gap is closing for Latinos and African Americans There is only a divide depending on the technology Mobile devices have eliminated the gap There is no gap depending on how you look at it... Brian Taylor
EDTEC 670 Minitel, the monochrome teletext system founded in 1981 (McGrath, 2001) Minitel performed in many ways the way the internet does today.
It was used through the phone lines much like a dial-up service.
The French were using this years before Americans were using the internet.
Minitel may have:
- caused the French to delay in implementing and using the internet.
- allowed the French to ease into internet usage as minitel could be used for purchasing items, scheduling trips, checking information e.g. weather. According to e-Learning in Higher Education in Finland, "all the teacher education units devised a strategy for the educational use of ICT by 2001, a year before the other educational institutions" (p. 2).
Finland highly regards technology skills and requires educators to be effecient in these skills.
In comparison, the United States and individual states do not require such an obligation on its educators. Thus allowing the U.S. to have a greater digital divide.
"In Finland, it has been acknowledged that teachers are key actors in advancing knowledge-based society and promoting the competencies needed in technological environments. Teacher education institutions have a special task to provide prospective teachers with ICT skills needed in learning communities and to prepare them for the future challenges" (p. 2).
This is the case worldwide, however the U.S. does not utilize this front line of teachers to promote technology skills. This will allow economic standard to fall in the future workforce. Therefore by lack of knowledge in technology, educational and professional skills are diminished. Reasons for the Divide “First, most student access to computers is meager and what’s done with those computers is pedestrian. Even students in wealthy, well-equipped schools rarely experience the creative and intellectual potential afforded by computers” (Stager, 2006). Problems that keep the divide in place
Lack of teacher skills
Poor infrastructure
Lack of equipment
No training/professional development
No time to implement skills
Limited lab time
Class schedule does not allow for it
value is not seen in technology use
people choose not to participate /\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\/\ Ways to Close the Divide "The major issue, say the digital dissenters, is not a lack of access to technology but a lack of interest in technology" (Steele-Carlin, 2000). "In Louisiana, for example, although computers are available to schools, many don't ask for them" (Steele-carlin, 2000). Raise awareness
"Not everyone is aware of the benefits that ICT can bring. To overcome resistance, it is important to sell the benefits of technology" (Ernest-Jones, 2008, p.2-3). Many cell phone companies offer plans loaded with data options...
text messaging
web mail / e-mail
internet & web browsing
picture mail
music/TV According to a report on Morning Edition from NPR News, Many Latinos and African American use mobile devices for accessing the internet
cheaper than a home connection - computers cost more than cell phones and home internet service costs are comparable to cell phone rate plans with data services
communicating across borders - instant communication is possible; with computers, you have to wait until you are home to check e-mail
convenience - do not have to find Wi-Fi connections with cell phones; smaller and easier to carry
However PRESS PLAY PRESS PLAY PRESS PLAY PRESS PLAY PRESS PLAY by Brian Taylor *Even though this technology provides ways to close this gap, many school districts around the country are banning their use for educational settings. This is like taking the stove away from the student who is learning to be a chef. *Personally, in high school I felt computers were only good for playing games. I still do not use social networking sites. And a student asked me the other day how I knew so much about computers and technology when I showed his group how to do some things on the computer
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