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Science & Medicine of the Victorian Era
Transcript of Science & Medicine of the Victorian Era
Medicine Louis Pasteur was a french scientist
In 1857, He became known for discovering the tiny organisms, bacilli, which was known for causing many diseases Surgery & Diseases - Cholera, smallpox, typhoid fever, influenza, &
tuberculosis were all common -During the century many medical discoveries were made as well as inventions that helped to further expand the knowledge of medicine and science. Emily Stowe First female doctor in the British Empire
In her spare time, she campaigned for women's suffrage and other feminist issues.
Emily died in 1903. Medical Discoveries They were spread due to poor hygiene; people did not know about germs
Doctors did not sterilize equipment or wash their hands. It was not uncommon to have people smoking in the operating room. Scientist and inventors were the bright minds that discovered many of the medicine practices that are used today. His work also helped him discover the cause of anthrax- which was a deadly disease in the nineteenth century-cholera, and rabies.
This information helped him to create vaccinations for these diseases.
He would use carbolic acid (an acid compound present in coal tar that can be used as a disinfectant when diluted with water) as an antiseptic and would vaccinate people and animals against these diseases. - Doctors did not use anesthetic -- they used alcohol or knocked them unconscious - Many women died in childbirth Louis Pasteur did not become wealthy because of these discoveries either, as many researchers do nowadays.
He found satisfaction in his work and wanted to live a simple and generous life. At age 16, she became a school teacher. At 23, she became the first female school principal.
She married John Stowe and had 3 children.
John became very ill with tuberculosis, that's when Emily decided that she wanted to become a doctor. Emily had to go to New York Medical school due too the fact that no Canadian medical school would accept a woman applicant.
Once she had graduated in 1867, she had to practice illegally in Canada.
She bravely set up an illegal practice in Toronto.
In 1880, the rules were changed and she was able to practice legally. Louis Pasteur invented the concept of pasteurization- this is when bacteria is destroyed by heating beverages and then letting them cool.
This process slows spoilage caused by the growth of bacteria and fungi in food.
Pasteurization is most commonly used in milk. - Waste was dumped into the streets, rivers, and lakes, therefore contaminating their drinking water -Some of the major medical discoveries include: - Aspirin - X-rays
- Antibiotics - Vitamins
- Antiseptics - Hormones X-rays were discovered in 1895 by German scientist
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen. In 1899, German chemist Felix Hoffmann discovered aspirin. - Many Vaccines were still a work in progress
it was not until the Victorian era that vaccines were
available to everyone. - Scientist began looking at the origins of diseases such as scarlet fever and cholera.
- Germs were also one of the major discoveries during the 1800's. -Gems were first viewed in the 1870's.
- Some scientist believed that germs grew from liquids.
- Others thought they were laid as eggs from insects. <- Bacteria Some vaccines created in the 1800's included:
-1879 First vaccine for cholera
-1881 First vaccine for anthrax
-1882 First vaccine for rabies - Many new organisms were being discovered around the world. - Information of discoveries around the world were shared through journals and newspapers.
- Most of these discoveries came from places such as: Africa / Northern Canada / Asia - Medical inventions and accomplishments: - In 1816 Rene laennec invented the stethoscope. A device used to examine the sounds made by the heart and lungs.
- James Blundell performed the first successful blood transfusion in 1818.
- Blood pressure monitors were invented in 1881. A more easy to use monitor replaced the original monitor in 1896.
- A device used to examine the interior of a hallow cavity or organ called the endoscope was introduced into a human in 1822. "Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world."
-Louis Pasteur Emily was a Canadian woman, (May 1 1831 - April 30, 1903)
Born on a farm in Norwich, Upper Canada
Her Quaker parents provided her with good education from their own education. - Millions of people died Did you know? Did you know...
The tradition of placing flowers
upon a grave began in the Victorian
times. People wanted to cover
the decaying smells. Emily had broken her hip in a fall. She had retired shortly after that in 1893. Did You Know...
Louis Pasteur was skilled at drawing and painting.
He earned his bachelor of arts degree and bachelor of science. John Stowe had died in 1891. Emily started living with her son, Frank, after that. Her late husband was a carpenter Did You Know...
He become a professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg, where he met his soon to become wife, Marie Laurent.
They wed in 1849 and had five children, though only two survived childhood. This two pictures were used as advertisements.