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Transcript of J. Bruner
Received Bachelor's Degree in 1937 from Duke University
Earned his Master's (1939) and doctorate (1941) from Harvard University Background Constructivism: learners construct new ideas or
concepts based upon existing knowledge
Discovery Learning: students construct their own knowledge for themselves
Influenced by Piaget: role of strategies in the process of human categorization, and development of human cognition
Influenced by Vygotsky: adopt a social and political view of learning Theory the way in which information or knowledge is stored and encoded in memory 3 Modes of Representation 1. Simple and basic ideas that become more complex
2. Grasp of the idea and using the basic ideas for early understanding
3. Revisiting the basic ideas
4. Continual deepening understanding of idea and using it in more complex forms Spiral Curriculum Application 1. Enactive (0-1 years) involves active based information and storing it in memory
2. Iconic (1-6 years) information is stored in the form of images
3. Symbolic (7+ years) information is stored in the form of a code, symbol or language 1. Personalization: instruction should relate to learner, and facilitate interest toward learning,
2. Content Structure: should be structured so it can be most easily grasped
3. Sequencing: sequencing is important for presentation of material
4. Reinforcement: rewards and punishment should be used appropriately. Works Cited
"Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology." Jerome Bruner: Constructivism & Discovery Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/Learningtheories/constructivism/bruner.html>
"A Conceptual Framework for Domain-Specific Theories of Learning." Principles of Learning. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://principlesoflearning.wordpress.com/dissertation/chapter-3-literature-review-2/the-constructive-perspective/discovery-learning-jerome-bruner-1961/>.