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Utopias and Distopias of the Three Books

Comparing and Contrasting the governments of 1984, Childhood's End and Nation
by

Lurai Fisher

on 10 May 2010

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Transcript of Utopias and Distopias of the Three Books

Nation Hierarchy
Government The government of Nation is unclear,
we do know though, these main factors:
Chief: Mau- Complete Authority
Priest: Ataba- Advisor and Spiritual Head
Advisors: Pilu, Milo- Helpers, speakers of the Chief
Elders: Mrs. Gurgle, Ataba- Wise ones respected by all
Women: Cahle,...- Mothers and Beer Makers

Decisions are made by the entire community with the Chief making the final declaration. Pros
All voices are heard
Because the community is small, leaders know their people well
Can be very nurturing and strong for the community
Everyone is taken care of and provided for including the elderly and the sick
Reasonable government, rules are not ironclad but more flexible


Cons
If the Chief is bad the community can fall apart
Some in the community may be afraid to speak their mind
Rulership may continue by bloodline
As the community expands rulership will become difficult.
Type of Government:
Parlementary Monarchy Utopia and Distopia: The Governments
of 1984, Nation and Childhood's End --There is one Monarch but the entire community makes decisions
Similar Governments:
Native American Tribes
Small Communities Religion and Tradition Religion and traditions played a large role in the Nation when Mau was young but after the wave these change drastically. At the end of Nation, we see a culture far more likely to believe in logic than curses. Some traces of the old Gods remain but this is very few.
There is though, throughout the book a sense of how religion can give you strength, either because you're mad at it or because you are leaning upon it When a young boy's people are destroyed , he must start a new. With the help of the a trouserman girl, Daphne, he creates a new nation, one that explores it's past and future, questioning the gods and traditions of old. Utopia, the ideal government, is often called fictional because the ideas expressed are often viritually impossible to create for any period of time. On the other hand, distopia is chaos, the society cannot function at all, and is much easier to create. This power point will discuss the governments of 1984, Childhood's End and Nation. Of the three Nation is the closest to the ideal utopia but each society has their own amount of distopia. Childhood's End The start of many scifi movies today, Childhood's End delves into the possiblity of Aliens and how the finding of Aliens would affect mankind's culture and beliefs. It shows the flaws of human resoning and the future for all species. heirarchy Government:
The government is slightly unclear but it seems to be very similar to the governments around the world today. At this time the United Nations have become the leaders of the world but still below the Overlords.
Differences:
World peace, because of the laws enforced by the Overlords, the Earth has finally found peace.
Animal laws have been raised, the abuse of animals is considered a very serious matter by the overlords.
Better health care and technology, though not as powerful as the Overlords, humans are taking care of eachother.
Pros:
World peace
better amimal treatment laws
better technology
more knoledge of the Universe
Humans are protected from killing themselves
Everyone is taken care of, no more food shortages or pandemics
Cons:
Because of the Overlords, humans have lost their culture and beliefs.
The future the Overlords are helping mankind towards destroys humanity and the Earth.
Humans have lost the need to explore, they are not as creative, inventive of curious as they were before.
Humans are trapped on Earth and the Overlords will not let them leave. Religion and Tradition:
Religion has become a very rare thing in the world of Childhood's End. With the arrival of the Overlords and recognizing them to be what we would call demons, religions have fallen apart. Cultural traditions, art and music have lost most importance as the world focuses on Science and the an age of reason. The Overlords wanted to stop the creations of dangerous weopons but they basically stopped all creativity. At the end of Childhood's End, Humans lose everthing that made them human, including their individual selfs. They have become another part of the overmind. "The Stars are Not for Man" “How can I answer you? There is no language. There was a boy called Mau. I see him in my memory, so proud of himself because he was going to be a man. He cried for his family and turned the tears into rage. And if he could, he would say ‘Did not happen!’ and the wave would roll backward and never have been. But there is another boy, and he is called Mau, too, and his head is on fire with new things. What does he say? He was born in the wave, and he knows that the world is round, and he met a ghost girl who is sorry she shot at him. He called himself the little blue hermit crab, scuttling across the sand in search of a new shell, but now he looks at the sky and knows that no shell will ever be big enough, ever. Will you ask him not to be? Any answer will be the wrong one. All I can be is who I am. But sometimes I hear the boy inside crying for his family.” 1984 Everyone is being watched by Big Brother, which is actually the symbol of a group that eliminates individuality called the Party. The Party has three parts of it: the Inner Party the Outer Party and the Proles. The Inner Party are like the rich people. They are the ones that do surveillance on everyone else, especially the Outer Party. The Outer Party works for the Inner Party but do not have as luxurious lifestyles and are always being watched because they naturally have a rebellious spirit. The Proles are treated like the slaves. They are not as constantly watched as the Outer Party for they are the ones that are already taught to love Big Brother. Pros:
A good disciplinary method.
Looses sense of individuality.
There is no freedom in thought.

Government: Cons: Hierarchy: Religeon: War is Peace.
Freedom is Slavery.
Ignorance is Strength.

These three phrases identify that the Party has all the power. Whatever the Party decides is true. The Party's job is to make everyone love Big Brother. When someone has a thoughtcrime, the Party brings them to the Ministry of Love where they make the person love Big Brother. "Big Brother is watching you" This story takes place in a very distopian world where everyone is being watched. At a single carless thought, the Thought Police finds you and takes you to the Ministry of Love. Winston is on the run from being caught, at the same time having an affair with a member of the Party. But no matter how long Winston runs, he will always be caught. This is probably how Big Brother keeps watch over everyone. Using millions of screens that connect with the telescreens in each persons home. We have just looked at three great examples of utopian/distopian worlds. Childhood's End basically started out utopian when everyone was at peace. But as the story continued, it gave out a more distopian look. 1984 was obviously distopian. That book constantly showed the main characters misery in his world. Out of all three, Nation has to be the most utopian. Although Mau's family dies in a tsunami in the beginning, he finds a new nation, a new family. And he also finds alot about his nations past.
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