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Disney Princess

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Michaella DeRubeis

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of Disney Princess

Snow White 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 The Progression of Disney Princesses 2020 Thesis Albeit the Disney Princess franchise has been accused of stereotyping women and minorities, the Disney Princess films have shown a clear progression over the years, adapting to society’s current values. 2009 2010 2012 4th Era Racial Diversity Body Image Princess Traits Society Events A cure? Tiana Rapunzel Merida Hard working and ambitious
Has own dream of opening a restaurant
Values what is inside, not how people look
Dreams that do not include a prince
First African American princess The only princess that's a tomboy... Unrealistic Realistic Merida's Rebellion President Obama First African American princess The Fourth Era Women are now being portrayed as more independent, highly skilled in other aspects besides domestic work, and are less proper in the assumed role a princess should take. 1967: Muriel Siebert becomes the first women to have a seat in the New York Stock exchange. ("Decade by Decade: 1960's-Women of the Century") 1963: The Equal Pay Act is passed ("Decade by Decade: 1960's-Women of the Century") 1963: Betty Friedan publishes The Feminine Mystique Strong willed and fights for her freedom
Bright and well read
Artistic and spirited
Highly curious
Mix of sweetness and assertiveness
Supposed to represent the "contemporary girl" ("Decade by Decade: 1960's-Women of the Century") 1962: Rachel Carson publishes Silent Spring (Purdy) Head strong, "unlady-like"
Passionate, fiery, but also soft-hearted
Skilled athlete in archery and sword fighting
Takes charge of her own destiny
No interest in a prince or marriage 1974: Girls are allowed to play in Little League baseball. ("Decade by Decade: 1970's-Women of the Century") 1976: Women are now accepted into military academies. ("Decade by Decade: 1970's-Women of the Century") 1981: Sandra Day O' Conner becomes the first woman to be a Supreme Court Justice. ("Decade by Decade: 1980's-Women of the Century") 1983: Sally Ride goes to space. ("Decade by Decade: 1980's-Women of the Century") 2nd Era Belle Jasmine 2012 2009 2010 Ariel Free spirit
Heroine of her own story
Saves Smith
Actively Creates her own destiny
Stops war between men
Interracial Couple Devoted Loyal
Strong Cunning
Determined Confident 2008: First African American President Elected Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s In the second Era of Disney Princesses, the princesses branch out from the prim and proper look of the previous era, and begin to search for their own interpretation of the world, not what they were told to believe. In the third era of Disney Princesses, the characters become more rebellious and self-reliant, and are thus able to control their own destiny. 1989 1991 1992 1995 1998 1950 1959 1937 "Disney's modifications originate from accurate readings of our culture... Disney belongs to us and we belong to Disney. What he does to fairy tales and classics is, in a sense, our own shadow" (Hearne) 3rd Era 1st Era 2nd Wave of Feminism Successful without feminine qualities Mulan Pocahontas Characteristic Traits Adventurous
"Wish I could be, part of your world!" - Ariel These first princesses were passive and were to be seen and not heard. Their best attributes were their beauty and sweet and level-headed nature. They reflected the early outlook society had on women. Characteristic Traits Confident
"I want adventure in the great wide somewhere!" - Belle Characteristic Traits Sassy
"How dare you? All of you? Standing around deciding my future. I am not a prize to be won!" -Jasmine Rebellious Princesses Transition Era 1 Era 2 Obedient
Home Body
Domesticated 1993:
Take your daughter to
work day established Adventurous
Willing to take a chance
Think for themselves Era 2 Era 3 Independent
without society's approval
Reliant on man for
happily ever after Independence is celebrated Self reliant
Heroine by community WHY? Transition Previous Eras 4th Era Transition In need of a man
Needed rescuing
Domestic workers
Followed rules of being a Princess
Overemphasized beauty
Have skill and power that men do not :( Athleticism and skill
Follow their own paths
Warrior princesses
Positive body image
Less Homogeneous Symptoms:
pure and virgin
white skin
lacks a personal identity
takes no longer than five minutes to fall in love
has one goal: to get married and live happily ever after. The only known cure is society. Society has started evolving, forcing the eradication of the disease and the progression of the princesses. But has it gone far enough? In the early days of Disney, all of the Princesses were infected with the Disney Princess Syndrome. This Syndrome was, and still is, highly contagious, as it can spread off screen to young girls. Hide your daughters, sisters, and wives because this is no joking matter. Disney Princess Syndrome Mostly A's: Ariel
Mostly B's: Merida
Mostly C's: Mulan
Mostly D's: Cinderella Disney Princess Quiz 2008: Barak Obama is elected President of the United States Has society evolved enough for the cure?
Rapunzel and Merida are not orphans
Tiana, Mulan, Jasmine, Pocahontas are not white
Start to have new goals, such as opening a restaurant
Merida does not even have a love interest
Merida is naturally proportioned, not anorexic
Pocahontas and Tiana are American
Evolved into bright, artistic, educated, and self-reliant ladies, such as Merida and Tiana Feminism: "The self-conscious desire to achieve sexual equality" (Foner and Garraty)
Gained popularity again in the 1960's-1970's
More women going to college
Access to birth control
Modeled after the Civil Rights Movement
3 Types of Feminism
Liberal Feminism
Radical Feminism
Socialist Feminism N.O.W National Organiztaion for Women
Founded 1966 by Betty Friedan
"Friedan demanded that women be treated as equals and be allowed to develop their talents while pursuing their own individual goals" (Purdy)
Still exists today
600 local chapters with over 250,000 active members (Purdy) 1973: Roe V. Wade Court Case. "Established a woman's constitutional right to choose to have an abortion in the first trimester of her pregnancy" “Despite the risks, as much as half of all female teens, and a third of all male teens are trying to lose weight through unhealthy means such as skipping meals, fasting, smoking cigarettes, vomiting or taking laxatives.” (Helfand) 80% of ten-year-old girls have been on some kind of diet in their lives. (Helfand) Question 1 Question 2 Question 3 Question 4 1994:
The Violence Against Women Act is
passed to combat gender-based
violent crimes. 1997:
The Women’s National
Basketball Association debuts. 2001:
Condoleezza Rice is
1st woman to serve as
US National Security Adviser. 1972: Title IX Passed as part of the Education Amendments. 2005:
Condoleezza Rice becomes first African American woman to serve as U.S Secretary of State Why? Cinderella Helpless
Beautiful and thin
Sweet and Kind Aurora (Sleeping Beauty) Extremely quiet
Thin and Beautiful
Easily Swayed What has changed Pale and dark hair to less pale blond hair
Plumper body to extremely skinny body.
No longer a Motherly Figure What has changed Aurora is much more quiet
Aurora is not as hardworking
Cinderella has a harder life or childhood March 1930:The Great Depression begins and more than 3.2 million people are unemployed In 1933, Eleanor Roosevelt writes the book It’s Up to theWomen that encourages women to work more and contribute. Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas is appointed to the U.S. Senate in 1932, and in 1933 becomes the first woman elected to that office 1933: Frances Perkins becomes the first female Cabinet member in U.S. history, selected by President Roosevelt to be Secretary of Labor. 1946: The United Nations establishes the Commission on the Status of Women to protect women's rights and monitor their status world-wide. 1934: Florence Allen is appointed by President Roosevelt to be the first woman on the federal appellate bench. She is chosen to sit on the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeal 1949: Margaret Chase Smith becomes the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate without previously being appointed to the office. 1948: Eleanor Roosevelt heads the United Nations Commission on Human Rights and passes the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, which says that everyone is entitled to the Declaration's rights and freedoms, women included. The Great Depression and World War II Women are expected to work more in the house now that the men are taking every job they can find
Still very domestic during the Great Depression.
They took care of the house if they had one.
Some had to resort to prostitution for money. "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" "A Timeline of Women's Legal History in the United States" Women are expected to work in the factories because all the men are fighting abroad
Women have more responsibility
Country needs them
No longer useless! 1950s Women After World War II, women were forced back into their "domesticated lives".
Most women lost their factory jobs to make room for all the soldiers coming home.
Shows like "I love Lucy" exemplify the role of women.
Women are to be the perfect wife
Always have dinner ready and a clean house.
Not many women go to college, but rather marry young. Disney and Society The Disney portrayal of women was influenced by how women were treated and looked upon in real life. Because of the traits possessed by Disney's characters, society believed that women needed to be passive and obedient, but also sweet and beautiful. They were not allowed to have disputing opinions, and they should let the men take care of them, no questions asked. Plump
“Fairest of them all”
Motherly figure
Damsel in Distress
Obedient and Submissive
Obsessed with Love 1991:
Glass ceiling commission created ("Decade by Decade: 1990s- Women of the Century") ('Decade by Decade: 1990s- Women of the Century") ("Decade by Decade: 1990s- Women of the Century") ("Decade by Decade: 1990s Women of the Century") Society Who has an easier life- men or women? Men 33% 56%
Women 40% 17%
Same 20% 23% 1946 1993 (Fay) The he-hare's feet go
hop and skip
The she-hare's eyes
are muddled and fuddled
Two hares running
side by side close to the ground
How can they tell
if I am he or she (Frankle) It's debated if Pocahontas truly saved Smith's life or he interpreted the natives customs incorrectly (Ross), however Disney created their princess' story to end with Pocahontas saving her love interest. ('Firsts for Women") ("Firsts for Women") If you had to choose a weapon, what would you choose?
A: Seashell
B: Bow and arrow
C: Sword
D: Charming Good Looks Where would your ideal date be?
A: On the beach
B: In the Forest
C: At a Boot Camp
D: At a ball in a beautiful castle What is your favorite food?
A. Seafood
B: Wild Game
C: Rice
D: Pumpkin Pie What is your favorite hobby?
A: Brushing your hair
B: Hunting
C: Kicking Butt
D: Cleaning while Singing Question 5 What is your favorite animal?
A: Fish
B: Horse
C: Dragon and a Cricket
D: Mice WHY? Minorities Are there racial or ethnic minorities you do not want as neighbors 2/3 said yes in 1948 16% said yes in 1993 ("Roe v. Wade") (Fay) Cinderella 1989 1991 1992
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