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Witch Trials of 1692 in Salem
Transcript of Witch Trials of 1692 in Salem
After firmly defending his wife Elizabeth in trial, Proctor suddenly became the new target for accusers. His servant, Mary Warren, confirmed suspicions in August of 1692. Other servants claimed he would beat her when she had panicky "fits," making it likely to say that Mary accused him out of spite.
At 80 years old, Giles was accused of witchcraft in April of 1692 by Abagail Williams and Ann Putnam. They claimed Giles' ghost was harassing and attacking people to get them to "write in the Devil's book."
Martha was accused of witchcraft in March of 1692 by Ann Putnam. She claimed to have seen Martha's ghost on a beam, holding a yellow bird in her hand.
"I never had to do with Witchcraft since I was born. I am a Gospel Woman."
The daughter of the distinguished Putnam family, Ana, was the most noteworthy accusation. Sarah Osbourne was in a legal battle with the Putnam family over the rights of her children after she widowed, remarried, and attempted to overtake
her children's inheritance and estate. It is
often believed that Ana's accusation
was forced on her by
Sarah Osbourne was one of the first to be accused as a witch early in the year of 1692; the warrant for her arrest was written March 1st.
Betty Parris and Abagail Williams blamed Osbourne for their unknown illness. Soon to join in with the accusations, Elizabeth Hubbard claimed Osbourne was using witchcraft to "poke and pinch her with knitting needles."
Behaviors of the Villagers
How did they go?
Revenge on neighboring rivals and enemies
Ann Putnam, Jr., his daughter, was one of the "afflicted girls"
Thomas stepped in and filed a complaint against the women.
He accused 43 people and his daughter accused 62 people.
Witchcraft is made a capital crime
Jan. 20, 1692:
Abigail Williams, Elizabeth Parris, Ann Putnam Jr., and other Salem girls began acting strange.
The girls accuse Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborne of witchcraft.
Mar. 12, 1692:
Ann Putnam Jr., accuses Martha Corey.
:Abigail Williams claims Rebecca Nurse was a witch.
Elizabeth Proctor is accused of witchcraft
April 11, 1692:
John Proctor was accused of witchcraft for protesting the imprisonment of his wife, making him the first man to be accused.
Behaviors of the Villagers con't
April 19, 1692:
Examination of Abigail Hobbs, Bridget Bishop, Giles Cory and Mary Warren.
April 30, 1692:
Many girls accuse the former minister of Salem, George Burroughs, of witchcraft.
Many examinations take place.
June 2, 1692:
Bridget Bishop becomes the first to be convicted and sentenced to death for witchcraft. Eight days later she is hanged.
: Those still in prison are released and the threat of being accused fades away.
Jan. 14, 1697
: A day of fasting and soul-searching is ordered for the tragedy at Salem.
Elizabeth Parris began taking interest in fortune telling.
Fortune foretold of witchcraft, causing a start of talk of fear that it could come true.
Soon Betty begain showing signs of affliction: forgetfulness, lack of concentration, and loud screams when she heard the "Our Father" prayer.
Involved in the accusations of Tituba, Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and the conviction of Martha Corey.
11 years old
Also took interest in fortune telling and showed signs of similar afflictions.
Gave testimonies for about 7 cases and was involved in as many as 17 capital cases.
Indian slave for Reverend Samuel Parris
She introduced Abigail and Elizabeth (Betty) to fortune-telling and voodoo. When a doctor diagnosed the sick girls as afflicted by witchcraft, fingers were pointed at Tituba.
The first to be accused and to confess
She followed a pattern that would be continued throughout the trials: the accused that confessed would later become accusers.
She wasn't executed, but she did stay in jail for thirteen months because Parris refused to pay her bail.
Rebecca nurse was a 71 year old wife, mother, grandmother, and even great-grandmother, who was well respected in the Salem community. She was seen as a Godly woman and was one of the few "unlikely" witches. Unfortunately, in her trial, even though she was first determined not guilty, the jury changed their verdict to guilty. She simply didn't hear a question and the jury took her silence as a sign of guilt. She was sentenced to death on June 30th and executed on July 19th.
The accused would have hands and feet tied to rocks and thrown in deep water. If they floated, they were a witch and were executed immediately. If they sunk, they were one of God's creatures, a human.
If the accused had a mole or skin blemish, someone would poke it with a needle. If it doesn't bleed, the accused is a witch.
The home of the accused would be investigated in search of poppets (voodoo dolls), cauldrons, and books on horoscopes/ palm reading; such is work of the Devil.
The accused would need to recite the Lord's Prayer without error.
If the afflicted accuser becomes calm from the touch of the accused, the accused is a witch.
The Actual Trials
On June 2nd, 1692, the Special Court of Oyer was created for the witch trials. In October, it closed but the trials continued. The accused would claim innocence and endure many ridiculous tests to see if he/she was the work of God or the work of the Devil.
As the year progressed, the villagers became extremely paranoid, and accusations became far more frequent.
Hailee Buffett and Maya Staunton