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Japanese Women from 1950s-Present

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Natalya V

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Japanese Women from 1950s-Present

1950-2012 Women in Japan Mobo/Moga (Taisho Era: 1912-1926) Japanese Women from 1950s-2012 "modern boy" & "modern girl"
embodied modern urban life in Japan
criticized for being too individualistic and committed mainly to satisfying their own materialistic desires Unexpectedly high women turnout-> elections of 39 women candidates at first postwar general election
mobo/moga-> increase in the number of women industrial workers, white collar workers, and consumers
Japanese women were perceived helpless and those who needed American guidance
Occupations set new relationship models for Japanese men and women Women After War (1945-1952) Japan's postwar economic boom impacted the Japanese family
Wives manages finances of household and took care of the children
Mother's main concern= children's education Women and the Family (1950s) Ancient
women wielded considerable authority
common for girls to inherit parents' houses
Present
Less powerful in society
Fewer than 1 in 10 Japanese managers are women
only 2.3% of members of J’s lower house of Parliament are women compared with 10.9 % in the US House of Reps
companies blatantly discriminate women Women's Power in Society (Ancient-Present) Men thought they would look like a "sissy' if they helped around the house
Young men are changing their attitudes, often under pressure from their wives Household Work (1990s-Present) since 1970s more and more Japanese women have been pursuing higher education
1996= more women attended 4 year colleges and universities than junior colleges (first time in J history)
by mid 1900s= nearly half of the Japanese women entered workforce -expansion of service occupations gave women more opportunities
husbands often urged their wives to stay home and tend to house and children Women in the Workplace (1990's) Women in the Workplace (Present) The average annual income for women in Japan stands at around 30% - 40% below their male equivalents
Women are largely expected to perform lower grade tasks and to leave employment upon marriage or the birth of children
Christine Lagarde said Japan’s shrinking and graying workforce, which has left the country struggling to pay welfare bills, could really benefit from an injection of female talent. Women's Role in Society
less powerful now than were in ancient times
Expected to do all household chores and take care of children
has slightly changed now
Women in the Business Industry
discriminated against men
women largely expected to perform lower grade tasks and to leave employment upon marriage
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