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London

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Vinay Manjunath

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of London

London
The City of Kings

Locating London
London is located in Europe especially in the United Kingdom. London is to the south of the United Kingdom . On the BANKS of the river "THEMES"
Geography Of London
Greater London encompasses a total area of 1,583 square kilometers (611 sq mi), an area which had a population of 7,172,036 in 2001 and a population density of 4,542 inhabitants per square kilometer (11,760 /sq mi). The extended area known as the London Metropolitan Region or the London Metropolitan Agglomeration, comprises a total area of 8,382 square kilometers (3,236 sq mi) has a population of 13,709,000 and a population density of 1,510 inhabitants per square kilometer (3,900 /sq mi). Modern London stands on the Thames, its primary geographical feature, a navigable river which crosses the city from the south-west to the east. The Thames Valley is a floodplain surrounded by gently rolling hills including Parliament Hill, Adding ton Hills, and Primrose Hill. The Thames was once a much broader, shallower river with extensive marshlands; at high tide, its shores reached five times their present width
History Of London
Present Culture
The Culture of London concerns the arts, music, museums, festivals and other entertainment in London, the capital city of the United Kingdom. London is widely believed to be the culture capital of the world, although this title is disputed with a number of other cities internationally. The city is particularly renowned for its theatre quarter, and its West End theatre district has given the name to "West End theatre", the strand of mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres in London. London is also home to notable cultural attractions such as the British Museum, the Tate Galleries, the National Gallery, the Notting Hill Carnival and The O2.
A variety of landmarks and objects are cultural icons associated with London, such as Big Ben, Buckingham Palace and the tube map. Many other British cultural icons are strongly associated with London in the minds of visiting tourists, including the red telephone box, the routemaster bus, the black taxi and the Union Flag.
Where do you find London ????
London
Geography of London
1>Satellite view of London
2>Outline Map of London
3> Geography Of London <River themes>

Welcome !!!!
It is thought that London in prehistoric times was merely a collection of scattered rural settlements. Spear heads and weapons from the Bronze and Iron Ages have been found around the Thames, and a recent archaeological dig near Vauxhall discovered evidence of a possible wooden bridge across the Thames around 3,000 years ago!
It was the Romans who were responsible for the city we know today as London. They invaded Britain in AD43, and soon afterwards founded the city of Londinium. It is thought that the original city was small - about the size of Hyde Park!

In 6 AD Queen Boudicca (also known as Boadicia) of the Iceni tribe rose up against the Romans, who fled. The city was burned to the ground. However, the Romans eventually regained control and rebuilt London, this time adding a Forum (market) and Basilica (a business centre), and slowly building a wall around the city to protect it from further invasion.

Spears Founnd in London in the period of iron age
Romans issued coins made of lonidinum
location of Iceni tribals in England
Plaque in London during the period of romans
The square mile where they build wall to protect London ,here is the map of the square mile of London
The Square Mile
The area inside the defensive wall is now known as The Square Mile, or The City, and is the financial centre of the UK. There is much evidence remaining in the City of the Roman city of Londinium, and often when new buildings are built and excavations are made, exciting archaeological finds are made!
ANGLO SAXONS LONDON-

The Romans left at the beginning of the 5th Century as the Roman Empire crumbled, leaving London largely deserted. Britain was invaded by the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes (who came from Holland, Germany and Denmark). These Anglo-Saxons were farmers and tended to live outside big towns. We know very little about what happened to London in this period.

This the map of london durning the Anglo Saxons Peroid where the Saxons liveed
Once again we know very little about London for a few hundred years, although during the 9th and 10th Centuries there were many attacks by the Vikings
."London Bridge is falling down, Falling down, falling down, London Bridge is falling down, My fair lady.
"It is thought that this nursery rhyme probably records an attack against London by the Viking, Olaf, at the beginning of the 11th Century.

Mediaval Period ((1066-1485)
Soon afterwards, the Normans invaded from France and William I (William the Conqueror) took control. He quickly began to build a stronghold to guard London - the Tower of London. The Tower has been used as a castle and a palace, a zoo and a weapons store, a mint (where coins are made) and a prison.

A Crowded and Smelly City

The city grew up within the original Roman walls, which were repaired and built up. Houses were made of wood and plaster and crowded together very tightly, with the upper floors leaning out over the streets, which were either cobbled or dirt. Rubbish was thrown out of the windows onto the streets below!

Shipbuilding and Exploration
The river Thames was very important in Tudor times as Britain's navy was expanded. Dockyards were built and ships were sent to explore the world - the Americas and India, for example
Shakespeare and The Globe

The first theatres were built in London during this time. The most famous is of course The Globe, in which Shakespeare owned a share. His plays were performed there. The original theatre was burnt down in 1613 and immediately rebuilt, but closed by the Puritans in 1642. In the 1990s a new Globe Theatre was built, as close to the original as possible, and thrives with constant productions of Shakespeare's plays.

17th Centuary
The 17th Century was an unsettled time for Britain, and particularly London.
The Great Plague, 1665
In 1665, rats on board trading ships brought bubonic plague into the city of London. Because people lived in very close quarters and hygiene standards were very low, it spread very quickly. If you caught it, the chances of surviving were very slim.
If someone in your household was infected, a red cross was painted on your door and it was boarded up so that everyone inside was isolated for 40 days. Over the year that the plague rampaged, 100,000 people died.
The wealthy fled the city, while the bodies piled up in the streets and empty houses were looted.

Ring a ring-o-roses, A pocket full of posies, Ah-tishoo, ah-tishoo, We all fall down.
The first line refers to the red, ring-like rash which sufferers developed. The pocket full of posies is the little bunches of herbs and flowers which Londoners carried to protect themselves against bad smells and germs, called a nosegay. One of the first symptoms of the plague was sneezing, hence ah-tishoo, ah-tishoo. And while children now enjoy bumping down quickly to the ground as they sing “we all fall down”, this of course refers to the plague victims dying!

The Great Fire of London, 1666
A small fire, accidentally started in Pudding Lane in the City of London in September of 1666, was the cause of an enormous fire which lasted four days and wiped out 80% of London. Amazingly, very few people lost their lives, but buildings which had been crammed very close together and were made of wood were easily destroyed. After the fire all new buildings were made of stone and brick.
If you visit the City of London now you can see a tall monument called The Monument to the Great Fire. It is positioned so that if it fell over in the right direction it would point to the exact place where the fire started.
We know a very great deal about the Great Fire of London because it was documented by a Mr. Samuel Pepys, who kept an extensive diary.

The POOR
It was not fun to be poor in Victorian times! If you were lucky, you might have gone to a "Ragged School" rather than a Poor House!

19th Centuary
Queen Victoria was crowned in 1837 and died in 1901. During her reign London expanded enormously as industry came to Britain and railways were built linking much of Britain to the capital. London was the centre of world trade and had a large, powerful Empire.
Many of the buildings in London today were built in Victorian times. The most famous is probably the Houses of Parliament, built in 1834 after a fire destroyed the original buildings. Many people live in houses built during Queen Victoria reign. The population of London exploded and the boundaries of the City spread outward.

Naming of London
London
Naming of London-The etymology of London  is uncertain. It is an ancient name and can be found in sources from the 2nd century. It is recorded c. 121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae .  This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Some Historians predicted it that after many years the London was named after the River Thames.

Journey TO London
British Museum
Royal Opera House
Amy White house
(Singer)
Telephone booth famous in London
in face of culture.

St. Paul's Cathedral
It is the work of the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren. It is the largest protestant church in England. Its high dome contains the remarkable Whispering Gallery.
It was built by William the Conqueror to protect the City of London. The Tower has been used as a royal palace, an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison. Many famous and infamous people have been executed within its walls. It is now a museum.
It was built by William the Conqueror to protect the City of London. The Tower has been used as a royal palace, an observatory, an arsenal, a state prison. Many famous and infamous people have been executed within its walls. It is now a museum.
Tower of London
Westminster Abbey
It is a national shrine where the kings
and queens are crowned and famous
people are buried. One of the greatest
treasures is the oaken Coronation Chair
made in 1300.
The Houses of Parliament
They were formely a palace
for kings and queens. In the 16th
century The Palace of Westminster
was occupied by the Parliament.
The Clock Tower, which contains
the hour-bell called "Big Ben",
is known the world over.
Buckingham Palace is a symbol
and home of the British monarchy,
an art gallery and tourist attraction.
The square was so named to commemorate
Nelson's victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805,
and the monument in the centre, known as
Nelson's Column, is surmounted with a statue
of Nelson.
London Zoo is the world's oldest scientific zoo. It was opened on 27 April 1828, and was originally intended to be used as a collection for scientific study. Today it houses a collection of 755 species of animals.
Trafalfar square
Buckingham Palace
London Zoo
Hyde Park
Hyde Park is one of the largest parks in central London, and one of the Royal Parks of London, famous for its Speakers' Corner.
The park was the site of the Great Exhibition of 1851, for which the Crystal Palace was designed by Joseph Paxton. The park has become a traditional location for mass demonstrations. The Chartists, the Reform League, the Suffragettes and the Stop The War Coalition have all held protests in the park. Many protesters on the Liberty and Livelihood March in 2002 started their march from Hyde Park. On 20 July 1982 in the Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings, two bombs linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army caused the death of eight members of the Household Cavalry and the Royal Green Jackets and seven horses.
The London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London, England. The entire structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft).
It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom, visited by over 3.5 million people annually
London Eye
Madame Tussauds
Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud and was formerly known as "Madame Tussaud's"; the apostrophe is no longer used.Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying waxworks of historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars and infamous murderers.
Current Queen Of England
Some Famous People of London
Daniel Crag(actor)
Emma Watson(actress)
Kelly Brook(actress)
Issac Newton(Sciencetist)
Stewphen Hawkings(Sciencetist)
G.H.Hardy(Mathematician)
Some of the world famous UNIVERSITIES AND SCHOOLS
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY where Srinivasa Ramanujan Studied with Hardy
Harrow school famous of
discipline and cricket events etc.

In England (LONDON) JAMES BOND a series of fictional character is famous and it's film has produced about 24 series making a record.
Interesting facts about London
England is the most populated country in the United Kingdom. The other countries that make up the United Kingdom are Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

England is bordered by Wales to the west and Scotland to the north.

The population of England in 2011 was around 53 million.

The capital city of England is London. Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Newcastle and Leeds.

England includes many small islands such as the Isle of Wight and Hayling Island.

There is only a 34 kilometre (21 mile) gap between England and France and the countries are connected by the Channel Tunnel which opened in 1994.

England was the first industrialized nation after the industrial revolution that began around 1760.

Famous English scientists include Charles Darwin, Michael Faraday, Isaac Newton and Stephen Hawking among many others.

The longest river in the United Kingdom is the River Severn. Located in England and Wales, it stretches around 354 kilometres (220 miles) in length.

The longest river found entirely in England is the River Thames, it flows through London and is slightly shorter than the River Severn at around 346 kilometres (215 miles) in length.

The largest lake in England is named Windermere.

The highest mountain in England is Scafell Pike, which stands at around 978 metres (3,209 ft) in height.

England has a large economy and uses the pound sterling as its currency.

English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee is credited with inventing the World Wide Web.

There have been a number of influential English authors but perhaps the most well known is William Shakespeare, who wrote classics such as Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth and Hamlet.

Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in England but others such as cricket and rugby have large followings.

The Summer Olympic Games have been held in London 3 times, in 1908, 1948 and 2012.
ASTORN MARTIN
BENTLY
JAGUAR
are some of the famous luxury car produceds of London

CURRENCY OF LONDON IS EURO
ONE EURO = 85RUPPES
Bibliography
Wikipedia
Google Search
DK Encyclopedia
Bing search

Acknoweledgement
I would thank by teacher for giving me the oppurnity to present a topic "LONDON"
Full transcript