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Lauren Clark

on 9 April 2015

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Transcript of 2015

The Development of Podcasting
Precursors, 1980-2000
1980s - RCS (Radio Computing Services) - provide digital format music and talk-related software to radio stations.
mid-1990s - other jukeboxes and websites provided a system for sorting and audio files of different digital formats.
1993 - Carl Malamud launches Internet Talk Radio the "first computer-radio talk show, each week interviewing a computer expert."
1999 - launch of Napster, the first popular system of aggregating music
1999 or 2000 – Compaq develops a portable player and music download called PocketDJ, it would have been launched as a service for the Personal Jukebox , the first hard-disk based MP3-player.
2001 - Applian Technologies of San Francisco, California introduced Replay Radio (later renamed into Replay AV), a TiVo-like recorder for Internet Radio Shows. Besides scheduling and recording audio, one of the features was a Direct Download link, which would scan a radio publishers site for new files and copy them directly to a PC's hard disk.
Early Forms, 2000-2005
September 2000 - the first system that enabled the selection, automatic downloading and storage of serial episodic audio content from MP3 player manufacturer, i2Go is introduced.[7] The service approximately a year, but ended during the dot com crash.
June 2003 - Stephen Downes demonstrated aggregation and syndication of audio files in his Ed Radio application the system scanned RSS feeds for MP3 files and then collected them into a single feed.
October 2003 - The first Bloggercon weblogger conference at Berkman Center is planned with a emphasis on audio blogging.
October 2003 - Introduction of first video podcast - the zombie themed Dead End Days which runs through 2004.
September 2004, the media-in-newsfeed idea was picked up by multiple developer groups. In the same month Ben Hammersley suggests "podcasting" as a name for the new technology in the Guardian.
Fall 2004 - Dannie Gregoire used the term "podcasting" to describe the automatic download[30] and synchronization of audio content; he also registered several 'podcast' related domains
September 28, 2004 - Blogger Doc Searls starts tracking Google hits for the word "podcasts". His first search has only 24 results.
October 11, 2004 The New York Times had reported podcasts across the United States and in Canada, Australia and Sweden
On October 18, 2004, the number of hits on Google's search engine for the word "podcasts" surpassed 100,000.
October 2004, detailed how-to podcast articles[39] had begun to appear online, "Podcasting" was first defined in Wikipedia.
November 2004, podcasting networks started to appear on the scene with podcasters affiliating with one another.
Public Awareness, 2005 - 2007
February 11, 2005, Public Radio International’s The World was the first daily public radio news program.
February 2005 - Youtube is launched.
June 2005, Apple added podcasting to iTunes a directory of podcasts in iTunes Music Store. Users could now subscribe to, download and organize podcasts.
July 2005, U.S. President George W. Bush became the first head of government to kinda become a podcaster, when the White House website added an RSS 2.0 of the president's weekly radio addresses.
July 2005, the first People's Choice Podcast Awards were held during Podcast Expo. Awards were given in 20 categories.
September 28, 2005, one year after first tracking hits for the word "podcasts" on there were more than 100,000,000.
December 3, 2005, "Podcast" was the word of the year for the New Oxford American Dictionary and was added to new editions.
February 2006, British comedian Ricky Gervais launched a new series of his popular podcast The Ricky Gervais Show. The Ricky Gervais Show is regularly the most-downloaded podcast on iTunes.
February 2006, podcaster Lance Anderson was the first to take create a live podcast tour.
March 2006, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper became the first head of government actually be a podcaster with the "Prime Minister of Canada's Podcast".
Rise in Public Knowledge, 2007-2010
February 2007 - there had been 24 attempts to register trademarks containing the word "PODCAST" in United States, but only one - "PODCAST READY" from Podcast Ready, Inc. was approved
March 2007- Jack and Stench, LA shock jockies, start their subscription based podcast at $5.00 per subscription for access to a one hour podcast, free of commercials. It remains the most successful of subscription based podcasts
June 2007 – iPhone first generation is introduced.
February 2008 – iPod touch first generation is introduced.
July 2009 - the company VoloMedia is awarded the "Podcast patent" by the USPTO in patent number 7,568,213.

Further Developments, 2010-2013
July 10 and 11, 2010 – First VidCon is held, celebrating the rise of video blogging and other forms of internet video creation.
March 2011, 59.6 million podcasts of the Adam Carolla Show had been downloaded, breaking Ricky Gervais previous world record.
2011 – BBC notes that more people (about 16% of the population) were downloading podcasts than used Twitter.
2012 - Welcome to Night Vale is introduced by Commonplace Books.
October 2013 - WtNV begins global tours.
Rise in Popularity, 2013-2015
Welcome to Night Vale has an extremely active fandom base who create a wide array of fanworks.
Podcasts are becoming more popular, including many telling stories in a serial manner - inspired by WtNV and Serial.
2013 – Wider range of podcasts introduced including science, history, comedy, game shows, and serial narratives. NPR remains a strong presence on podcasts charts.
October 2014 – Serial is introduced. A spinoff of radio program This American Life it looks at a non-fiction story over a series of episodes.
March 2015 – The WtNV book is announced. It quickly rises to #2 on the Amazon bestsellers list, 7 months before its release.

Museum Podcasts
Most museums have podcasts but they don't rank very high on the podcast charts and are very hard to find on many museum websites - meaning they are not being used to their full potential.
Full transcript