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Coyotes in the Ecosystem
Transcript of Coyotes in the Ecosystem
Pd.2 The Coyote (Canis Latrans) The coyote is a mammal and a canine, closely related to the wolf. They grow to be about 30-34 inches in length, stand at about 23-26 inches, and weigh 15-46 pounds. Coyotes live in North America. They eat almost anything, from grass to frogs to deer. Habitat A coyote's habitat must have a water source, lots of vegetation, and many small mammals, because that is the coyotes main food source.
ABIOTIC (non-living) factors: rivers, rocks, dirt
BIOTIC (living) factors: grass, rabbits, trees, frogs Symbiotic Relationships Commensalism: A relationship between two organisms when one benefits and the other is unaffected.
Parasitism: A relationship between two organisms when one benefits and the other is harmed.
Mutualism: A relatioship between two organisms when both benefit. Symbiotic relationships involving coyotes 1. Coyotes and badgers- mutualism- the badger and the coyote often hunt together. They both benefit becuase they both get food.
2. Coyotes and ticks- parasitism- the tic feeds on and lives on the coyote. This benefits the tics but can harm the coyotes.
3. Coyotes and vultures- commensalism- the badger hunts and eats, and leaves it's scraps. The vultures feed on their scraps. The vulture benefits and the coyotes are unaffected.
4. Coyotes and fruit-producing plants- mutualism- the coyote eats the fruit off a plant for food and spreads the plants seeds through it's poop. Both organisms benefit. Predation- When one organism eats another organism for energy examples: Coyote eating a rat
Coyote eating a frog Competition- When two organisms fight over
resources examples: a coyote and a wolf fighting of a deer
two coyotes fighting over a mate Human Impact on Coyotes Humans impact coyotes in various ways. They chop down forests and ruin their primary habitat. Also, they have serious harmed the wolf population, which is one of the only predators of wolves. And lastly, humans hunt coyotes and kill them.