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Year 9 History: Industrial Revolution Timeline

A chronological overview of major events from the Industrial Revolution Year 9 History course.

Matthew McDonald

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Year 9 History: Industrial Revolution Timeline

1750 1770 1760 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 YEAR 9 HISTORY 1769: James Watt invents the first modern steam engine, which would go on to power the industrial revolution. 1845: The Irish Potato Famine kills over one million people and leads to mass emigration to countries like Australia. 1851: The Gold Rush begins, resulting in new waves of immigration to Australia. 1854: The Eureka Rebellion breaks out in Ballarat. 1825: The first public railway is opened in Britain, allowing for the mass movment of people. The Industrial Revolution 1861-1865: Civil War in the United States. End of slavery in the USA. 1876: First telephone is invented. 1875: Trade Unions are given full legal status and their legal powers are vastly expanded. Collective bargaining and the right to strike are enshrined in legislation. 1807: Britain abolished the slave trade in all its territories. 1830 1850 1840 1860 1870 1813: The first steam locomotive ('Puffing Billy') is built. 1783: American colonies win their war for independence from Britain. 1788: The First Fleet arrives in Australia, beginning British colonisation. 1789: The French Revolution begins. In the mid-1700s there were a series of innovations within the TEXTILE INDUSTRY (i.e. cloth making) which many see as signalling the beginning of the industrial revolution: 1733 Flying Shuttle: cloth could be weaved quicker 1764 Spinning Jenny: created more thread (to satisfy the needs of quicker cloth production) 1769 Water Frame: produced thicker thread (for use in new, quicker machines) 1779 Spinning Mule: produced even more of this strong thread (to satisfy new demands) 1787 Power Loom: further increased weaving speed by using new power sources (producing even more cloth) Increased DEMAND INNOVATION in production process Increased AMOUNT of production Lowered COST of production Transportation of British convicts to Australia continues. Large numbers of prisoners are sent to Australia, with most staying in the colonies once their sentences finish. 1770: Captain Cook claims Australia for Great Britain. 1800: Trade Unions are banned in Britain under the 'Combination Acts'. Duing the early 1800s, improvements in international shipping results in increased global trade between Britain and her colonies. This provided Britain with immense amounts of raw resources to feed her factories. 1824 After massive strikes Trade Unions are made legal again in Britain, although their powers are very limited. By 1850 Britain’s iron production has increased 7,000% since the start of the industrial revolution in 1750. 1852: There are now over 10,000 kilometres of railways in Britain, linking all of her cities, ports and industries. 1833: The 'Factory Acts' are passed in Britain, introducing minimum working conditions and protections for factory workers. During the early-to-mid-1800s in Britain, a series of parliamentary inquiries are held to investigate the appalling working conditions of factory, mill and mine workers. Factory-style production grows exponentially in Britain. Cities become drastically overcroweded as they are filled with millions of new factory workers. Industy grows exponentially, as new innovations/inventions allow for goods to be produced cheaper and in larger quantaties, which in turn fuels demand for more goods, which results in additional innovations... The AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION results in huge increases in food production. This is the result of new innovations in farming: more efficient crop rotations, the enclosure of fields, selective breeding of cattle, and new inventions to help plow fields and plant seeds. Thousands of farmers are now out of jobs, and go to the cities to seek work in factories. 1835: Samuel Morse invents the telegraph, allowing messages to be sent over vast distances almost instantly.
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