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Figurative Language Is Everywhere

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Victoria McDonald

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Figurative Language Is Everywhere

Figurative Language Is Everywhere By: Meagan, Victoria and Meghan Allusions An Allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or represents places, people, or events, myths, literary work either by implication or directly. An example of an allusion can be found in the recent Hunger Games movie. In this film the main setting takes place in a battle arena. This as an indirect implication to Roman Times. The Roman Colosseum in 70 AD was used as a battle arena for warriors to fight to the death, all for the entertainment of the citizens. Both The Hunger Games and Roman History have an undeniable relation to one another. In the video above Taylor Swifts song "Love Story" alludes to one of the worlds most universal and known plays, Romeo and Juliet. This creates an effect that the songwriter believes her love life to be as dramatic as Shakespeare's most influential plays. " That you were Romeo, you were throwing pebbles
And my daddy said stay away from Juliet
And I was crying on the staircase
Begging you please don't go, and I said

Romeo take me somewhere we can be alone
I'll be waiting all there's left to do is run
You'll be the prince and I'll be the princess
It's a love story baby just say yes."

-Taylor Swift Lyrics of Importance: Example #2 Example #1 Definition: a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action which it is not literally applicable. Metaphor Example #2 "Juliet is the sun" -famous line from Romeo and Juliet. In this example Romeo is not literally saying that Juliet is the sun. He is comparing her to the sun, maybe because she is a very bright person who's light has the power to bring him out of some of the darkness in his life. He may also be saying that she is the kind of person who can influence a feeling of happiness towards others. In other words she can brighten up his day. Example #1 "He was eager to help but his legs were rubber." -The Long Goodbye, this persons legs were not rubber in reality but this could be saying the man was just really muscle tired or was unable to fully control his legs. From this example I see a person getting up and falling because his legs were 'rubber'. Definition: the occurance of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. Alliteration Example #1 "Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said the butters bitter; if I put bitter butter into my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better.
So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. So 'twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter." -Betty Botter by Mother Goose, this alliteration is a child's bedtime story which uses alliteration to make it more fun to listen to and almost like a lullaby. The repeating of the same letter at the beginning may also help a young child fall asleep to this as it is so repetitive. "Sally sells sea shells on the sea shore." -tongue twister (try to say 5x fast) This alliteration is using the alike beginnings of words to mess us up when we try to say it. Tongue twisters often use the method of alliteration because it makes it difficult to pronounce all the words in one phrase. Definition in our own words: A sentence or phrase in which all of the words have a similar sounding beginning. Definition in our own words: Comparing two unlike things without using like or as. Definition:the presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is. Understatement Definition in our own words: When you give something less credit than it deserves. Example #1 "It was all very well to say 'Drink Me', but the wise little Alice was not going to do that in a hurry.'No I will look first' she said, 'and see whether its marked"poison" or not', for she had read several nice little histories about children who had gotten burnt, and eaten up by wild beasts and other unpleasent things, all because they would not remember simple rules their friends had taught them: such as, that a red-hot poker will burn you if you hold it too long; and that if you cut your finger very deeply with a knife, it usually bleeds; and she had never forgotten that, if you drink much from a bottle marked 'poison', it is almost certain to disagree with you sooner or later." -Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. At the end of this fragment from the book it uses understatements because the results of having any of those things occur to you would be much worse than what she is saying 'might' happen. This understatement may even be using some humor as we all know that it is unrealistic that something so little could occur from such an event. "I am just going outside and may be some time" -Captain Lawrence Oates, Antarctic explorer, before walking out into a blizzard to face his certain death, 1912. This is an example of an understatement because this man was obviously not just going out into the snow for a walk. He was walking out into a life-taking blizzard knowing he would die. Hence the 'and may be some time'. Definition: the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman Example #2 Definition: a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well-founded or true In our own words: a statement that is confusing or makes, no sense, but does express some kind of truth Personification Example #1 "Privacy goes missing with Alberta's new Missing Persons Act: critics
Police insist digging deep can save lives"

This example effectively shows how the author believes that the missing persons act does not respect the privacy of citizens, and does not agree with this act. The personification in the phrase 'Privacy goes missing' makes it both more interesting to read and creates more imagery, even though it is just a title to a news article.

By James Wood And Kelly Cryderman, Calgary Herald September 8, 2012
http://www.calgaryherald.com/news/crime-and-justice/index.html Example #2 "The cloud scattered rain throughout the city."

This example is much more effective than if the writer had simply stated: it was raining. It makes it much more entertaining to read and almost has a mysterious quality to it. It describes the type of rain that was falling and shows the reader exactly what the rain was like. In other words, it creates imagery.

http://volweb.utk.edu/Schools/bedford/harrisms/7lesson.htm Paradox Example #1 Ghost House
Robert Frost

And left no trace but the cellar walls,
And a cellar in which the daylight falls,
And the purple-stemmed wild raspberries grow.
O'er ruined fences the grape-vines shield
The woods come back to the mowing field;
The orchard tree has grown one copse
Of new wood and old where the woodpecker chops;
The footpath down to the well is healed.
I dwell with a strangely aching heart
In that vanished abode there far apart
On that disused and forgotten road
That has no dust-bath now for the toad.
Night comes; the black bats tumble and dart;
The whippoorwill is coming to shout
And hush and cluck and flutter about:
I hear him begin far enough away
Full many a time to say his say
Before he arrives to say it out.
It is under the small, dim, summer star.
I know not who these mute folk are
Who share the unlit place with me--
Those stones out under the low-limbed tree
Doubtless bear names that the mosses mar.
They are tireless folk, but slow and sad,
Though two, close-keeping, are lass and lad,--
With none among them that ever sings,
And yet, in view of how many things,
As sweet companions as might be had. I dwell in a lonely house I know,
That vanished many a summer ago, Example #2 I have found the paradox, that if you love until it hurts, there can be no more hurt, only more love.
- Mother Teresa

In this quote, at first it sounds confusing and seems not to make sense. However, when thought about, it tells of the importance of love. It stops the reader and makes them think about it, and when the reader thinks about it, the true meaning of the quote comes through. People may not connect with this quote and understand it the same way that they might if it simply stated: ‘Love is of the utmost importance.’ The paradox makes the quote much more powerful.

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/paradox.html#kcbZU8R01DxweS8m.99 In this poem, Robert Frost starts it off with a paradox to confuse and intrigue the reader. It gives the impression that the poem is surreal and isn’t completely literal. It tells the reader that there are hidden meanings behind the words and begins the poem with an air of mystery. Irony Definition:
Situational- when an incongruity exists between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
Verbal- the use of words to convey a meaning that is opposite of its literal meaning
Dramatic- irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play In other words: Situational-the opposite of what you expect to happen, happens
Verbal- sarcasm
Dramatic- when the audience/reader knows something that the characters do not Example #1 Situational:
This picture is mainly humorous, and it shows how irony can often be funny. If you expected someone to write ‘stop defacing stop signs’ somewhere, the last place you’d expect that to be would be on a stop sign. Situational irony is effectively being used to get the point across.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irony Example #2 Verbal: It is raining and you have a soccer game outside. Your friend says “Fantastic. There’s nothing like a monsoon to make me want to run around outside for hours chasing a black and white piece of plastic and rubber.”

In this instance, the verbal irony is being used to express the friend’s discontent at the weather, even though his word choice says otherwise. The use of sarcasm makes the statement more interesting. Example #3 Dramatic: Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. When Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged sleep, he assumes her to be dead and kills himself. Upon awakening to find her dead lover beside her, Juliet then kills herself.

This popular example of dramatic irony is effectively used to create tension among the audience and make the play more dramatic, with more twists and turns. It commands the audience’s attention and gives them something to hope for. In this case they are hoping that Romeo will realize that Juliet is merely feigning death before he commits suicide.

http://www.examples-help.org.uk/dramatic-irony.htm Euphemism Definition: the substitution of a mild, indirect or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh or blunt In our own words: using a word that is more general. It is most often used in order to preserve someone’s feelings Example #1 Example #2 Pushing Up Daisies
In Other Words: Dead

This expression is used to make a sort of joke out of death and make it not seem so bad. It puts a positive spin on death, saying: ‘Don’t worry. Even though you’re dead, you’re blessing the world with beautiful flowers.’ It effectively makes one of the most sensitive topics into something funny.

http://www.npr.org/2010/12/14/132056878/-euphemania-our-passion-for-not-saying-it Friendly Fire
In Other Words: Death By Accidental Artillery Fire From One’s Own Forces

This euphemism is used to make it sound like being killed by one’s own comrades is not an act of malice or betrayal. It makes it sound much less harsh and more like a total accident, which is much better that saying: the soldier was killed by the side that he was fighting for.

http://www.euphemismlist.com/Friendly-Fire/ Juxtaposition Definition: an act of instance of placing close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast Example #1 This picture shows the difference between the signs and their meaning by placing the two posters side by side. It makes a statement about how people are receiving conflicting messages about health.

http://images.google.ca/search?num=10&hl=en&site=&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1440&bih=695&q=juxtaposition+examples&oq=juxtaposition+examples&gs_l=img.3..0j0i24l9.1949.6473.0.6769. Example #2 In the book ‘The Prince and the Pauper,’ the two boys and their situations are compared to each other to show the extreme differences in their lives. The author, Mark Twain, is showing the huge gap between the rich and the poor in Europe in the 1500's. It shocks the reader by showing them what things were like back then.

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_examples_of_juxtaposition In other words: placing two things beside one another so that it is easier to compare them and show the differences. Imagery Imagery occurs when an author uses an object that is not really there, in order to create a comparison between one that is. Example #2 Define in our own words:
Using a figure of speech to
refer to something or someone
that is known universally. Symbolism Is a word or object that stands for
another word or objective. The object or word can be seen with the eye or not visible. Define in your own words: using your
a symbol to represent or implicates another meaning that
isn't physically visible. Example #1 Example #2 Imagery can also be found in the form or songs, like the popular country song "My Kind Of Crazy" by Emerson Drive. In the song the composer is using imagery to depict his love for a girl. In order to do this he is creating an image by using a comparison. "Shes my kind of ponytail pretty,
sounds like a country looks like a city.
I march along to whatever out of town
drum she plays me. Shes my kinda crazy."

-Emerson Drive Example #1 Onomatopoeia Definition: the formation of a word from a sound associated with what it is named. Definition in our own words: a word that when you say it, it sounds like what you are describing. Example #1 Example #2 "Chug, chug, chug. Puff, puff, puff. Ding-dong, ding-dong. The train rumbled over the tracks." -'Watty Piper' (Arnold Munk), The Little Engine That Could. This is an example of an onomatopoeia because all the words at the beginning of this phrase are describing sounds the train made. These are some animated examples of onomatopoeia's in a video that says the sounds along with the motion. Define in your own words: Using descriptive writing
to allow the audience to relate to a feeling of sight,smell, taste, or perception. Almost allows the audience to feel as if it were a "real experience". In the novel "The Scarlet Letter" the main protagonist was forced to wear a red letter "A". This is an example of symbolism as it indicated that the protagonist's was an adulteress. By wearing this "A" on her clothing it brought shame since it was the first initial of the father of her illegitimate child's name. Example #2 In Catholicism the biblical story of "Adam and Eve" is commonly known. In the scripture, Eve was visited by a snake.
The snake represented evil and pressure in the universe. The snake persuaded Adam & Eve to eat a forbidden fruit. In doing so they lost their innocence. The fruit symbolized temptation. In the book "Twilight" by Stephanie Myers there is
an example of imagery where the author makes a comparison to animals and and Bella and Edward's relationship. Myers compares them to a lion and lamb, who naturally are not two animals who would have a mutual relationship. However that comparison is often made to show a miraculous example of peace and security. This is an example of imagery in the sense that the author is alluding to the comparison of Bella and the lamb, depicting her perception of the relationship to the reader. "And so the lion fell in love with the lamb..." Edward says to Bella in the novel of Twilight representing their abnormal relationship. Define in our own words:
Using over the top expression
and figures of speech to get
the point across. Hyperbole Is an overstatement or exaggerated language that distorts facts by making them much more then they are as if looked at objectively. Example #2 In this example People's Magazine uses a hyperbole
in their opening title to capture the attention of and reader and really draw them in to their headlining story. Even though the title is a complete over statement, it allows the writer to get the point across to the viewer about the emotions that were being felt. "To Hell & Back" is
the hyperbole being used
in People's magazine Example #1 Examples of hyperbole's can be found in the form of a cartoon as well.
IN this particular cartoon the author is trying to show the common exaggeration children use in certain situations without even realizing the effect it may possibly have. Hyperbole's are used so frequently that it is now an unconscious act to use such exaggeration. Roman Warriors VS. Hunger Games "Tributes" Bibliography:

Hyperbole Slides:
http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/h/hyperbole.asphttp://www.bing.com/images/search?q=roman+coliseum+warriors&go=&qs=n&form=QBIR&pq=roman+coliseum+warriors&sc=0-15&sp=-1&sk=#x38y1056People magazine - Bing Images

Symbolism Slides:
Adam and Eve - Myth Encyclopedia - mythology, god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, famous, world, creationtale of adam and eve - BingChristian symbolism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaScarlet letter - Bing ImagesImagery Slides:famous examples of symbolism - Bing

Imagery Examples:
Twilight Symbolism, Imagery, & Allegoryshe's my kinda crazy emerson drive - YouTube

Allusion Slides:
hunger games fighting scene - Bing Imagesroman coliseum warriors - Bing Imageshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xg3vE8Ie_Ehttp://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/t/taylor_swift/love_story.html
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